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Conference Paper: The "bad" and the "sick": medicalizing deviance in China

TitleThe "bad" and the "sick": medicalizing deviance in China
Authors
Issue Date2011
PublisherThe Conference.
Citation
The International Conference on Disease and Crime: Social Pathologies and the New Politics of Health, Hong Kong, China, 18-19 April 2011. How to Cite?
AbstractConrad and Schneider’s now classical work on the historical transformation of definitions of deviance from ‘badness’ to ‘sickness’ is relevant for the situation in China today, although with some modifications. The weakly founded medical/psychiatric profession and the strong political/ideological discourse in China leads to a strange combination of medicalization and moralization, even criminalization. The ‘sick’ are often equated with the ‘bad,’ and ‘sickness’ is seen as a secondary sign of ‘badness.’ The pan-moralist tradition of ancient China seems to be closely combined with the Communist era’s strong belief in political-ideological correctness, and its strong belief in social engineering. My previous research on crime and deviance in China in the 1980s and 1990s seems to be confirmed by today’s discourse, although there are new moral panics and new forms of medical-moralistic definitions of deviance in contemporary China. Still, the categories of deviance are very much socially constructed entities closely related to the moral-political order of present day China. In this paper, I will use three cases to underline my argument. First, the type of deviance I call ‘majority deviance,’ related to the case of the prejudice and dangers associated with the only-child. My second example has to do with what I term the ‘wayward girl’ and the moral panics concerning so-called zaolian – or ‘premature love’ among young girls. The third example is the new panic surrounding ‘internet addiction disorder’ or IAD. While the ‘disco’ and the ‘dance hall’ were the sites of disorder in the 1980s and 90s, the wangba – or ‘internet bar’ – is now seen as the most dangerous site of crime and deviance.
DescriptionSession I
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/146476

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorBakken, Ben_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-04-24T08:04:23Z-
dc.date.available2012-04-24T08:04:23Z-
dc.date.issued2011en_US
dc.identifier.citationThe International Conference on Disease and Crime: Social Pathologies and the New Politics of Health, Hong Kong, China, 18-19 April 2011.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/146476-
dc.descriptionSession I-
dc.description.abstractConrad and Schneider’s now classical work on the historical transformation of definitions of deviance from ‘badness’ to ‘sickness’ is relevant for the situation in China today, although with some modifications. The weakly founded medical/psychiatric profession and the strong political/ideological discourse in China leads to a strange combination of medicalization and moralization, even criminalization. The ‘sick’ are often equated with the ‘bad,’ and ‘sickness’ is seen as a secondary sign of ‘badness.’ The pan-moralist tradition of ancient China seems to be closely combined with the Communist era’s strong belief in political-ideological correctness, and its strong belief in social engineering. My previous research on crime and deviance in China in the 1980s and 1990s seems to be confirmed by today’s discourse, although there are new moral panics and new forms of medical-moralistic definitions of deviance in contemporary China. Still, the categories of deviance are very much socially constructed entities closely related to the moral-political order of present day China. In this paper, I will use three cases to underline my argument. First, the type of deviance I call ‘majority deviance,’ related to the case of the prejudice and dangers associated with the only-child. My second example has to do with what I term the ‘wayward girl’ and the moral panics concerning so-called zaolian – or ‘premature love’ among young girls. The third example is the new panic surrounding ‘internet addiction disorder’ or IAD. While the ‘disco’ and the ‘dance hall’ were the sites of disorder in the 1980s and 90s, the wangba – or ‘internet bar’ – is now seen as the most dangerous site of crime and deviance.-
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherThe Conference.-
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Conference on Disease and Crime: Social Pathologies and the New Politics of Healthen_US
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.titleThe "bad" and the "sick": medicalizing deviance in Chinaen_US
dc.typeConference_Paperen_US
dc.identifier.emailBakken, B: bakken@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityBakken, B=rp00616en_US
dc.description.naturepostprint-
dc.identifier.hkuros199233en_US
dc.publisher.placeHong Kong-
dc.description.otherThe International Conference on Disease and Crime: Social Pathologies and the New Politics of Health, Hong Kong, China, 18-19 April 2011.-

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