File Download
 
 
Supplementary

Postgraduate Thesis: Imperialist civilizing mission of Uncle Tom's Cabin and history of itsChinese rewriting
  • Basic View
  • Metadata View
  • XML View
TitleImperialist civilizing mission of Uncle Tom's Cabin and history of itsChinese rewriting
 
AuthorsYang, Kaibin.
阳开斌.
 
Issue Date2011
 
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
 
AbstractThis thesis is a revisionist study of Uncle Tom’s Cabin, a renowned American classic by Mrs. Stowe, and its Chinese translations. Thematically refreshing the novel as imperialist, I intend to therefore shed new lights in appreciating its century-long journey across China by studying two definitive rewritings of the original, heinu yutian lu (《黑奴吁天?》)from late Qing and heinu hen(《黑奴恨》)from the 1960s. The thesis structurally contains four parts. Chapter 1 introduces the project generally. Chapter 2 studies the original text and chapter 3 and 4 the two Chinese translated texts respectively. Re-reading of the original is crucial. Inspired by Edward Said’s efforts in connecting western culture and Imperialism, I established civilizing mission as core of the black narrative in Uncle Tom’s Cabin, a novel widely celebrated as masterpiece of abolitionist literature. My argument is based on textual analysis. I will argue that evangelization of Africa, rather than abolition of slavery, had been Stowe’s fundamental concern in building Uncle Tom’s Cabin, and it is exactly driven by this civilizing mission that she dictated the roles of the novel’s two leading black characters, Uncle Tom and George Harris. Tom, the Christian martyr, is to prove Africans’ capability of getting civilized; Harris, Stowe’s Christian patriot, is the pioneer of colonizing Africa into a new world of Christian and American civilization. Reestablishing the original as such, I interpret the novel’s travel to 20th century China a historical event: an Imperialist novel goes by an Imperialism-fighting country in an Imperialist age. Therefore forces a long-ignored question: how had Chinese translators responded? How the response developed? This question can be best answered by looking into heinu yutian lu and heinu hen, two texts that represent respectively the beginning and the ending of Chinese critical treatment of the original in translating. And I will form my answer by analyzing the Chinese rewriting of the images of Uncle Tom and Harris, for they in the original are responsible for execution of the civilizing mission. Translating under a crucial circumstance of imperial crisis, Lin Shu and Wei Yi, the producers of heinu yutian lu, aimed to promote the ideology of “ loving the country and preserving the race”(??保种).While presenting the black sufferings as faithful even exaggerated as possible, they consistently infiltrated the novel’s Christianity. And it is this strategy of de-Christianization that undermined the original’s imperialist design. After the translation, both Tom and Harris adopted a new face. The former was still a noble Negro only based on Chinese virtues, and the latter kept well his patriotic passion, but not for Christian civilization, rather purely for Africa. Intervention of the original’s civilizing mission climbed to a higher level as in the case of heinu hen, a drama adaptation by Ouyang yuqian in the radical 1960s. With Marxist class struggle being the guiding principle, Christian humanitarianism of the original was heavily criticized, and the black image reshaped dramatically. With Tom being portrayed as a slave that gradually woke up to his class consciousness, Harris was transformed into a revolutionary hero.
 
AdvisorsWang, A
 
DegreeMaster of Philosophy
 
SubjectSlavery - United States - Fiction.
 
Dept/ProgramChinese
 
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4725097
 
DC FieldValue
dc.contributor.advisorWang, A
 
dc.contributor.authorYang, Kaibin.
 
dc.contributor.author阳开斌.
 
dc.date.hkucongregation2012
 
dc.date.issued2011
 
dc.description.abstractThis thesis is a revisionist study of Uncle Tom’s Cabin, a renowned American classic by Mrs. Stowe, and its Chinese translations. Thematically refreshing the novel as imperialist, I intend to therefore shed new lights in appreciating its century-long journey across China by studying two definitive rewritings of the original, heinu yutian lu (《黑奴吁天?》)from late Qing and heinu hen(《黑奴恨》)from the 1960s. The thesis structurally contains four parts. Chapter 1 introduces the project generally. Chapter 2 studies the original text and chapter 3 and 4 the two Chinese translated texts respectively. Re-reading of the original is crucial. Inspired by Edward Said’s efforts in connecting western culture and Imperialism, I established civilizing mission as core of the black narrative in Uncle Tom’s Cabin, a novel widely celebrated as masterpiece of abolitionist literature. My argument is based on textual analysis. I will argue that evangelization of Africa, rather than abolition of slavery, had been Stowe’s fundamental concern in building Uncle Tom’s Cabin, and it is exactly driven by this civilizing mission that she dictated the roles of the novel’s two leading black characters, Uncle Tom and George Harris. Tom, the Christian martyr, is to prove Africans’ capability of getting civilized; Harris, Stowe’s Christian patriot, is the pioneer of colonizing Africa into a new world of Christian and American civilization. Reestablishing the original as such, I interpret the novel’s travel to 20th century China a historical event: an Imperialist novel goes by an Imperialism-fighting country in an Imperialist age. Therefore forces a long-ignored question: how had Chinese translators responded? How the response developed? This question can be best answered by looking into heinu yutian lu and heinu hen, two texts that represent respectively the beginning and the ending of Chinese critical treatment of the original in translating. And I will form my answer by analyzing the Chinese rewriting of the images of Uncle Tom and Harris, for they in the original are responsible for execution of the civilizing mission. Translating under a crucial circumstance of imperial crisis, Lin Shu and Wei Yi, the producers of heinu yutian lu, aimed to promote the ideology of “ loving the country and preserving the race”(??保种).While presenting the black sufferings as faithful even exaggerated as possible, they consistently infiltrated the novel’s Christianity. And it is this strategy of de-Christianization that undermined the original’s imperialist design. After the translation, both Tom and Harris adopted a new face. The former was still a noble Negro only based on Chinese virtues, and the latter kept well his patriotic passion, but not for Christian civilization, rather purely for Africa. Intervention of the original’s civilizing mission climbed to a higher level as in the case of heinu hen, a drama adaptation by Ouyang yuqian in the radical 1960s. With Marxist class struggle being the guiding principle, Christian humanitarianism of the original was heavily criticized, and the black image reshaped dramatically. With Tom being portrayed as a slave that gradually woke up to his class consciousness, Harris was transformed into a revolutionary hero.
 
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version
 
dc.description.thesisdisciplineChinese
 
dc.description.thesislevelmaster's
 
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Philosophy
 
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4725097
 
dc.identifier.hkulb4725097
 
dc.languagechi
 
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
 
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)
 
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.
 
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License
 
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B47250975
 
dc.subject.lcshSlavery - United States - Fiction.
 
dc.titleImperialist civilizing mission of Uncle Tom's Cabin and history of itsChinese rewriting
 
dc.typePG_Thesis
 
<?xml encoding="utf-8" version="1.0"?>
<item><contributor.advisor>Wang, A</contributor.advisor>
<contributor.author>Yang, Kaibin.</contributor.author>
<contributor.author>&#38451;&#24320;&#25996;.</contributor.author>
<date.issued>2011</date.issued>
<description.abstract>&#65279;This thesis is a revisionist study of Uncle Tom&#8217;s Cabin, a renowned American classic by Mrs. Stowe, and its Chinese translations. Thematically refreshing the novel as imperialist, I intend to therefore shed new lights in appreciating its century-long journey across China by studying two definitive rewritings of the original, heinu yutian lu &#65288;&#12298;&#40657;&#22900;&#21505;&#22825;?&#12299;&#65289;from late Qing and heinu hen&#65288;&#12298;&#40657;&#22900;&#24680;&#12299;&#65289;from the 1960s. 

The thesis structurally contains four parts. Chapter 1 introduces the project generally. Chapter 2 studies the original text and chapter 3 and 4 the two Chinese translated texts respectively. 

Re-reading of the original is crucial. Inspired by Edward Said&#8217;s efforts in connecting western culture and Imperialism, I established civilizing mission as core of the black narrative in Uncle Tom&#8217;s Cabin, a novel widely celebrated as masterpiece of abolitionist literature. 

My argument is based on textual analysis. I will argue that evangelization of Africa, rather than abolition of slavery, had been Stowe&#8217;s fundamental concern in building Uncle Tom&#8217;s Cabin, and it is exactly driven by this civilizing mission that she dictated the roles of the novel&#8217;s two leading black characters, Uncle Tom and George Harris. Tom, the Christian martyr, is to prove Africans&#8217; capability of getting civilized; Harris, Stowe&#8217;s Christian patriot, is the pioneer of colonizing Africa into a new world of Christian and American civilization. 

Reestablishing the original as such, I interpret the novel&#8217;s travel to 20th century China a 

historical event: an Imperialist novel goes by an Imperialism-fighting country in an Imperialist age. Therefore forces a long-ignored question: how had Chinese translators responded? How the response developed? 

This question can be best answered by looking into heinu yutian lu and heinu hen, two texts that represent respectively the beginning and the ending of Chinese critical treatment of the original in translating. And I will form my answer by analyzing the Chinese rewriting of the images of Uncle Tom and Harris, for they in the original are responsible for execution of the civilizing mission. 

Translating under a crucial circumstance of imperial crisis, Lin Shu and Wei Yi, the producers of heinu yutian lu, aimed to promote the ideology of &#8220; loving the country and preserving the race&#8221;&#65288;??&#20445;&#31181;&#65289;.While presenting the black sufferings as faithful even exaggerated as possible, they consistently infiltrated the novel&#8217;s Christianity. And it is this strategy of de-Christianization that undermined the original&#8217;s imperialist design. After the translation, both Tom and Harris adopted a new face. The former was still a noble Negro only based on Chinese virtues, and the latter kept well his patriotic passion, but not for Christian civilization, rather purely for Africa. 

Intervention of the original&#8217;s civilizing mission climbed to a higher level as in the case of heinu hen, a drama adaptation by Ouyang yuqian in the radical 1960s. With Marxist class struggle being the guiding principle, Christian humanitarianism of the original was heavily criticized, and the black image reshaped dramatically. With Tom being portrayed as a slave that gradually woke up to his class consciousness, Harris was transformed into a revolutionary hero.</description.abstract>
<language>chi</language>
<publisher>The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)</publisher>
<relation.ispartof>HKU Theses Online (HKUTO)</relation.ispartof>
<rights>The author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.</rights>
<rights>Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License</rights>
<source.uri>http://hub.hku.hk/bib/B47250975</source.uri>
<subject.lcsh>Slavery - United States - Fiction.</subject.lcsh>
<title>Imperialist civilizing mission of Uncle Tom&apos;s Cabin and history of itsChinese rewriting</title>
<type>PG_Thesis</type>
<identifier.hkul>b4725097</identifier.hkul>
<description.thesisname>Master of Philosophy</description.thesisname>
<description.thesislevel>master&apos;s</description.thesislevel>
<description.thesisdiscipline>Chinese</description.thesisdiscipline>
<description.nature>published_or_final_version</description.nature>
<identifier.doi>10.5353/th_b4725097</identifier.doi>
<date.hkucongregation>2012</date.hkucongregation>
<bitstream.url>http://hub.hku.hk/bitstream/10722/146143/3/FullText.pdf</bitstream.url>
</item>