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postgraduate thesis: A study on pentacene organic thin-film transistors with Hf-based oxideas gate dielectric

TitleA study on pentacene organic thin-film transistors with Hf-based oxideas gate dielectric
Authors
Advisors
Advisor(s):Lai, PT
Issue Date2011
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Deng, L. [邓林峰]. (2011). A study on pentacene organic thin-film transistors with Hf-based oxide as gate dielectric. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4724451
AbstractCompared with its inorganic counterpart, organic thin-film transistor (OTFT) has advantages such as low-temperature fabrication, adaptability to large-area flexible substrate, and low cost. However, they usually need high operating voltage and thus are not suitable for portable applications. Although reducing their gate–dielectric thickness can lower the operating voltage, it increases their gate leakage. A better way is making use of high-κ gate dielectric, which is the main theme of this research. Firstly, pentacene OTFTs with HfO2 gate dielectric nitrided in N2O or NH3 at 200 oC were studied. The NH3-annealed OTFT displayed higher carrier mobility, larger on/off current ratio, smaller sub-threshold swing and smaller Hooge?s parameter than the N2O-annealed device. All these advantages were attributed to more nitrogen incorporation at the dielectric surface by the NH3 annealing which provided stronger passivation of surface traps. The incorporation of lanthanum to hafnium oxide was demonstrated to realize enhanced interface in the pentacene OTFTs. Therefore, pentacene OTFTs with HfLaO gate dielectric annealed in N2, NH3, O2 or NO at 400 oC were investigated. Among the 4 devices, the NH3-annealed OTFT obtained the highest carrier mobility, smallest sub-threshold swing and smallest 1/f noise. All these should be attributed to the improved interface between the gate dielectric and the organic semiconductor associated with the passivation effects of the NH3 annealing on the dielectric surface. The processing temperature of OTFTs is a big concern because use of flexible or glass substrate is the trend in organic electronics. Therefore, the HfLaO gate dielectric was annealed in N2, NH3, or O2 at two different temperatures, 200 oC and 400 oC. For all the annealing gases, the OTFTs annealed at 400 oC achieved higher carrier mobility, which could be supported by SEM image that pentacene tended to form larger grains (thus less carrier scattering) on HfLaO annealed at 400 oC. Furthermore, the HfLaO film annealed at 400 oC achieved much smaller leakage because more thermal energy at higher annealing temperature could remove oxide defects more effectively. Fluorination of the HfLaO film (annealed in N2 or NH3 at 400 oC) in a plasma based on CHF3 and O2 was also proposed. For both annealing gases, the OTFT with a 100-s plasma treatment achieved higher carrier mobility and smaller 1/f noise than that without plasma treatment. All these improvements should be due to fluorine incorporation at the dielectric surface which passivated the traps there. By contrast, for longer time (300 s or 900 s) of plasma treatment, the performance of the OTFTs deteriorated due to damage of dielectric surface induced by excessive plasma treatment. Lastly, a comparative study was done on pentacene OTFTs with HfLaO or La2O3 as gate dielectric. For the same annealing gas (H2, N2, NH3, or O2 at 400 oC), the OTFT with La2O3 gate dielectric obtained lower carrier mobility, smaller on/off current ratio, and larger threshold voltage than that based on HfLaO. The worse performance of the OTFTs with La2O3 gate dielectric was due to the degradation of La2O3 film caused by moisture absorption.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectOrganic thin films.
Thin film transistors.
Hafnium oxide.
Dielectrics.
Gate array circuits.
Dept/ProgramElectrical and Electronic Engineering

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.advisorLai, PT-
dc.contributor.authorDeng, Linfeng.-
dc.contributor.author邓林峰.-
dc.date.issued2011-
dc.identifier.citationDeng, L. [邓林峰]. (2011). A study on pentacene organic thin-film transistors with Hf-based oxide as gate dielectric. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4724451-
dc.description.abstractCompared with its inorganic counterpart, organic thin-film transistor (OTFT) has advantages such as low-temperature fabrication, adaptability to large-area flexible substrate, and low cost. However, they usually need high operating voltage and thus are not suitable for portable applications. Although reducing their gate–dielectric thickness can lower the operating voltage, it increases their gate leakage. A better way is making use of high-κ gate dielectric, which is the main theme of this research. Firstly, pentacene OTFTs with HfO2 gate dielectric nitrided in N2O or NH3 at 200 oC were studied. The NH3-annealed OTFT displayed higher carrier mobility, larger on/off current ratio, smaller sub-threshold swing and smaller Hooge?s parameter than the N2O-annealed device. All these advantages were attributed to more nitrogen incorporation at the dielectric surface by the NH3 annealing which provided stronger passivation of surface traps. The incorporation of lanthanum to hafnium oxide was demonstrated to realize enhanced interface in the pentacene OTFTs. Therefore, pentacene OTFTs with HfLaO gate dielectric annealed in N2, NH3, O2 or NO at 400 oC were investigated. Among the 4 devices, the NH3-annealed OTFT obtained the highest carrier mobility, smallest sub-threshold swing and smallest 1/f noise. All these should be attributed to the improved interface between the gate dielectric and the organic semiconductor associated with the passivation effects of the NH3 annealing on the dielectric surface. The processing temperature of OTFTs is a big concern because use of flexible or glass substrate is the trend in organic electronics. Therefore, the HfLaO gate dielectric was annealed in N2, NH3, or O2 at two different temperatures, 200 oC and 400 oC. For all the annealing gases, the OTFTs annealed at 400 oC achieved higher carrier mobility, which could be supported by SEM image that pentacene tended to form larger grains (thus less carrier scattering) on HfLaO annealed at 400 oC. Furthermore, the HfLaO film annealed at 400 oC achieved much smaller leakage because more thermal energy at higher annealing temperature could remove oxide defects more effectively. Fluorination of the HfLaO film (annealed in N2 or NH3 at 400 oC) in a plasma based on CHF3 and O2 was also proposed. For both annealing gases, the OTFT with a 100-s plasma treatment achieved higher carrier mobility and smaller 1/f noise than that without plasma treatment. All these improvements should be due to fluorine incorporation at the dielectric surface which passivated the traps there. By contrast, for longer time (300 s or 900 s) of plasma treatment, the performance of the OTFTs deteriorated due to damage of dielectric surface induced by excessive plasma treatment. Lastly, a comparative study was done on pentacene OTFTs with HfLaO or La2O3 as gate dielectric. For the same annealing gas (H2, N2, NH3, or O2 at 400 oC), the OTFT with La2O3 gate dielectric obtained lower carrier mobility, smaller on/off current ratio, and larger threshold voltage than that based on HfLaO. The worse performance of the OTFTs with La2O3 gate dielectric was due to the degradation of La2O3 film caused by moisture absorption.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B47244513-
dc.subject.lcshOrganic thin films.-
dc.subject.lcshThin film transistors.-
dc.subject.lcshHafnium oxide.-
dc.subject.lcshDielectrics.-
dc.subject.lcshGate array circuits.-
dc.titleA study on pentacene organic thin-film transistors with Hf-based oxideas gate dielectric-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb4724451-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineElectrical and Electronic Engineering-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b4724451-
dc.date.hkucongregation2012-

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