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Article: Chrysomya megacephala (Fabricius) larvae: A new biodiesel resource
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TitleChrysomya megacephala (Fabricius) larvae: A new biodiesel resource
 
AuthorsLi, Z2
Yang, D2
Huang, M2
Hu, X2
Shen, J1
Zhao, Z2
Chen, J1
 
KeywordsBiodiesel
Chrysomya megacephala larvae
Fuel properties
Optimization
Transesterification
 
Issue Date2012
 
PublisherPergamon. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/apenergy
 
CitationApplied Energy, 2012, v. 94, p. 349-354 [How to Cite?]
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2012.01.068
 
AbstractThe current energy crisis greatly affects worldwide economic development. Therefore, identifying for new energy resources is critically important. In this study, we introduce a potential biodiesel source: Chrysomya megacephala (Fabricius) larvae (CML), which are proliferative and can be fed with a variety of low cost materials, such as manure, wheat bran, rotted meat and decayed vegetation. The potential of C. megacephala (Fabricius) larvae oil (CMLO) for biodiesel applications was explored. Oil was extracted from the CML raised by feeding on restaurant garbage for five days. The oil content obtained from the dehydrated CML ranged from 24.40% to 26.29% since restaurant garbage varies in composition day to day. The acid value of the CMLO was tested to be 1.10. mg. KOH/g. Four factors were subsequently considered to optimize the transesterification of CMLO to biodiesel. The optimized conditions included a 6:1 methanol to oil molar ratio, 1.6% KOH catalyst, a reaction temperature of 55 °C and a reaction time of 30. min. Under these conditions, the maximum yield of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) from CMLO was 87.71%. Finally, properties of the FAME were within the specifications of ASTM D6751 and EN 14214 biodiesel standards. Therefore, we concluded that C. megacephala (Fabricius) larvae represent a potential alternative feedstock for biodiesel production. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
 
ISSN0306-2619
2013 Impact Factor: 5.261
2013 SCImago Journal Rankings: 3.385
 
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2012.01.068
 
ISI Accession Number IDWOS:000302842800037
 
ReferencesReferences in Scopus
 
DC FieldValue
dc.contributor.authorLi, Z
 
dc.contributor.authorYang, D
 
dc.contributor.authorHuang, M
 
dc.contributor.authorHu, X
 
dc.contributor.authorShen, J
 
dc.contributor.authorZhao, Z
 
dc.contributor.authorChen, J
 
dc.date.accessioned2012-03-27T09:07:46Z
 
dc.date.available2012-03-27T09:07:46Z
 
dc.date.issued2012
 
dc.description.abstractThe current energy crisis greatly affects worldwide economic development. Therefore, identifying for new energy resources is critically important. In this study, we introduce a potential biodiesel source: Chrysomya megacephala (Fabricius) larvae (CML), which are proliferative and can be fed with a variety of low cost materials, such as manure, wheat bran, rotted meat and decayed vegetation. The potential of C. megacephala (Fabricius) larvae oil (CMLO) for biodiesel applications was explored. Oil was extracted from the CML raised by feeding on restaurant garbage for five days. The oil content obtained from the dehydrated CML ranged from 24.40% to 26.29% since restaurant garbage varies in composition day to day. The acid value of the CMLO was tested to be 1.10. mg. KOH/g. Four factors were subsequently considered to optimize the transesterification of CMLO to biodiesel. The optimized conditions included a 6:1 methanol to oil molar ratio, 1.6% KOH catalyst, a reaction temperature of 55 °C and a reaction time of 30. min. Under these conditions, the maximum yield of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) from CMLO was 87.71%. Finally, properties of the FAME were within the specifications of ASTM D6751 and EN 14214 biodiesel standards. Therefore, we concluded that C. megacephala (Fabricius) larvae represent a potential alternative feedstock for biodiesel production. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
 
dc.description.natureLink_to_subscribed_fulltext
 
dc.identifier.citationApplied Energy, 2012, v. 94, p. 349-354 [How to Cite?]
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2012.01.068
 
dc.identifier.citeulike10423598
 
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2012.01.068
 
dc.identifier.epage354
 
dc.identifier.hkuros199001
 
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000302842800037
 
dc.identifier.issn0306-2619
2013 Impact Factor: 5.261
2013 SCImago Journal Rankings: 3.385
 
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84857403568
 
dc.identifier.spage349
 
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/146042
 
dc.identifier.volume94
 
dc.languageeng
 
dc.publisherPergamon. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/apenergy
 
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom
 
dc.relation.ispartofApplied Energy
 
dc.relation.referencesReferences in Scopus
 
dc.subjectBiodiesel
 
dc.subjectChrysomya megacephala larvae
 
dc.subjectFuel properties
 
dc.subjectOptimization
 
dc.subjectTransesterification
 
dc.titleChrysomya megacephala (Fabricius) larvae: A new biodiesel resource
 
dc.typeArticle
 
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<contributor.author>Huang, M</contributor.author>
<contributor.author>Hu, X</contributor.author>
<contributor.author>Shen, J</contributor.author>
<contributor.author>Zhao, Z</contributor.author>
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<description.abstract>The current energy crisis greatly affects worldwide economic development. Therefore, identifying for new energy resources is critically important. In this study, we introduce a potential biodiesel source: Chrysomya megacephala (Fabricius) larvae (CML), which are proliferative and can be fed with a variety of low cost materials, such as manure, wheat bran, rotted meat and decayed vegetation. The potential of C. megacephala (Fabricius) larvae oil (CMLO) for biodiesel applications was explored. Oil was extracted from the CML raised by feeding on restaurant garbage for five days. The oil content obtained from the dehydrated CML ranged from 24.40% to 26.29% since restaurant garbage varies in composition day to day. The acid value of the CMLO was tested to be 1.10. mg. KOH/g. Four factors were subsequently considered to optimize the transesterification of CMLO to biodiesel. The optimized conditions included a 6:1 methanol to oil molar ratio, 1.6% KOH catalyst, a reaction temperature of 55 &#176;C and a reaction time of 30. min. Under these conditions, the maximum yield of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) from CMLO was 87.71%. Finally, properties of the FAME were within the specifications of ASTM D6751 and EN 14214 biodiesel standards. Therefore, we concluded that C. megacephala (Fabricius) larvae represent a potential alternative feedstock for biodiesel production. &#169; 2012 Elsevier Ltd.</description.abstract>
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Author Affiliations
  1. The University of Hong Kong
  2. Sun Yat-Sen University