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Article: Government transport land-use planning and development by implicit contract for franchised buses and ferries in Hong Kong, 1933-1972

TitleGovernment transport land-use planning and development by implicit contract for franchised buses and ferries in Hong Kong, 1933-1972
Authors
KeywordsBus transport
Land use planning
Passenger ship
Public transport
Subsidy system
Issue Date2011
PublisherRoutledge. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/02697459.asp
Citation
Planning Practice and Research, 2011, v. 26 n. 4, p. 435-466 How to Cite?
AbstractAs a contribution to policy research on monopolies in planning for public utilities and the role of the state in ordering the coordination of land use and transport in a market economy, this paper evaluates a couple of hypotheses informed by the Coasian economic concept of an implicit contract. There have been public subsidies to franchised bus and ferry companies in Colonial Hong Kong in the form of concessions in kind with spatial land-use transport implications. The hypotheses were evaluated by a comprehensive archive survey and documentary analysis of the clauses in relevant franchise documents, Crown Leases, government memoranda, and expert writings on buses and ferries. The findings revealed that there was no real land price subsidy provided for within or outside the franchise or lease documents, but there were substantial indirect subsidies during the study period. These were provided not only in terms of the free provision of bus terminals and piers, but also their planned combination on government land, as well as the strategic positioning of bus terminals in newly-developed government housing estates and new towns. The land-use public transport planning strategy shaped the urban structure of Hong Kong prior to the takeover of the companies by developers. The critical role of the government vis-á-vis developers as a super landlord is discussed. © 2011 Taylor & Francis.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/145931
ISSN
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.129
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLai, LWCen_HK
dc.contributor.authorDavies, SNGen_HK
dc.contributor.authorCheung, APCWen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2012-03-27T09:02:22Z-
dc.date.available2012-03-27T09:02:22Z-
dc.date.issued2011en_HK
dc.identifier.citationPlanning Practice and Research, 2011, v. 26 n. 4, p. 435-466en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0269-7459en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/145931-
dc.description.abstractAs a contribution to policy research on monopolies in planning for public utilities and the role of the state in ordering the coordination of land use and transport in a market economy, this paper evaluates a couple of hypotheses informed by the Coasian economic concept of an implicit contract. There have been public subsidies to franchised bus and ferry companies in Colonial Hong Kong in the form of concessions in kind with spatial land-use transport implications. The hypotheses were evaluated by a comprehensive archive survey and documentary analysis of the clauses in relevant franchise documents, Crown Leases, government memoranda, and expert writings on buses and ferries. The findings revealed that there was no real land price subsidy provided for within or outside the franchise or lease documents, but there were substantial indirect subsidies during the study period. These were provided not only in terms of the free provision of bus terminals and piers, but also their planned combination on government land, as well as the strategic positioning of bus terminals in newly-developed government housing estates and new towns. The land-use public transport planning strategy shaped the urban structure of Hong Kong prior to the takeover of the companies by developers. The critical role of the government vis-á-vis developers as a super landlord is discussed. © 2011 Taylor & Francis.en_HK
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherRoutledge. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/02697459.aspen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofPlanning Practice and Researchen_HK
dc.rights‘This is an electronic version of an article published in [Planning Practice and Research, 2011, v. 26 n. 4, p. 435-466]. [Planning Practice and Research] is available online at: http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/ with the open URL of your article.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subjectBus transport-
dc.subjectLand use planning-
dc.subjectPassenger ship-
dc.subjectPublic transport-
dc.subjectSubsidy system-
dc.titleGovernment transport land-use planning and development by implicit contract for franchised buses and ferries in Hong Kong, 1933-1972en_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.emailLai, LWC: wclai@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityLai, LWC=rp01004en_HK
dc.description.naturepostprint-
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/02697459.2011.582395en_HK
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-80052189592en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros199090en_US
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-80052189592&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume26en_HK
dc.identifier.issue4en_HK
dc.identifier.spage435en_HK
dc.identifier.epage466en_HK
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridCheung, APCW=50761015400en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridDavies, SNG=13106155800en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLai, LWC=7202616218en_HK

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