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Article: Relativistic quantum effects of Dirac particles simulated by ultracold atoms

TitleRelativistic quantum effects of Dirac particles simulated by ultracold atoms
Authors
KeywordsDirac equation
quantum simulation
ultracold atoms
Issue Date2012
PublisherSpringer.
Citation
Frontiers Of Physics, 2012, v. 7 n. 1, p. 31-53 How to Cite?
AbstractQuantum simulation is a powerful tool to study a variety of problems in physics, ranging from high-energy physics to condensed-matter physics. In this article, we review the recent theoretical and experimental progress in quantum simulation of Dirac equation with tunable parameters by using ultracold neutral atoms trapped in optical lattices or subject to light-induced synthetic gauge fields. The effective theories for the quasiparticles become relativistic under certain conditions in these systems, making them ideal platforms for studying the exotic relativistic effects. We focus on the realization of one, two, and three dimensional Dirac equations as well as the detection of some relativistic effects, including particularly the well-known Zitterbewegung effect and Klein tunneling. The realization of quantum anomalous Hall effects is also briefly discussed. © 2012 Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/145922
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.462
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.007
ISI Accession Number ID
Funding AgencyGrant Number
National Natural Science Foundation of China10974059
11125417
State Key Program for Basic Research of China2011CB922104
GRF and CRF of the RGC of Hong Kong
Funding Information:

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 10974059 and 11125417), the State Key Program for Basic Research of China (Grant No. 2011CB922104), and the GRF and CRF of the RGC of Hong Kong.

References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorZhang, DWen_HK
dc.contributor.authorWang, ZDen_HK
dc.contributor.authorZhu, SLen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2012-03-27T09:02:08Z-
dc.date.available2012-03-27T09:02:08Z-
dc.date.issued2012en_HK
dc.identifier.citationFrontiers Of Physics, 2012, v. 7 n. 1, p. 31-53en_HK
dc.identifier.issn2095-0462en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/145922-
dc.description.abstractQuantum simulation is a powerful tool to study a variety of problems in physics, ranging from high-energy physics to condensed-matter physics. In this article, we review the recent theoretical and experimental progress in quantum simulation of Dirac equation with tunable parameters by using ultracold neutral atoms trapped in optical lattices or subject to light-induced synthetic gauge fields. The effective theories for the quasiparticles become relativistic under certain conditions in these systems, making them ideal platforms for studying the exotic relativistic effects. We focus on the realization of one, two, and three dimensional Dirac equations as well as the detection of some relativistic effects, including particularly the well-known Zitterbewegung effect and Klein tunneling. The realization of quantum anomalous Hall effects is also briefly discussed. © 2012 Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.en_HK
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherSpringer.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofFrontiers of Physicsen_HK
dc.rightsThe original publication is available at www.springerlink.comen_US
dc.subjectDirac equationen_HK
dc.subjectquantum simulationen_HK
dc.subjectultracold atomsen_HK
dc.titleRelativistic quantum effects of Dirac particles simulated by ultracold atomsen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.emailWang, Z: zwang@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityWang, Z=rp00802en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s11467-011-0223-yen_HK
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84856222434en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros199045en_US
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-84856222434&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume7en_HK
dc.identifier.issue1en_HK
dc.identifier.spage31en_HK
dc.identifier.epage53en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000299490000005-
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridZhang, D=54921771300en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWang, Z=14828459100en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridZhu, S=34972495900en_HK

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