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Article: Association of secular trends in unemployment with suicide in Taiwan, 1959-2007: A time-series analysis
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TitleAssociation of secular trends in unemployment with suicide in Taiwan, 1959-2007: A time-series analysis
 
AuthorsChang, SS2 4
Sterne, JAC4
Huang, WC1
Chuang, HL3
Gunnell, D4
 
KeywordsSuicide
Taiwan
Time-series analysis
Unemployment
 
Issue Date2010
 
PublisherWB Saunders Co Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/puhe
 
CitationPublic Health, 2010, v. 124 n. 1, p. 49-54 [How to Cite?]
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2009.11.005
 
AbstractObjective: Despite the wealth of research investigating the association of unemployment with suicide in the West, few studies have investigated the association in non-Western countries. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between secular trends in unemployment and suicide in Taiwan. Study design: Time-series analysis. Methods: Overall and age-specific suicide rates (1959-2007) for Taiwanese men and women aged 15 years or above were calculated from national population and mortality statistics. The association of secular trends in unemployment with suicide was investigated graphically and using time-series modelling (Prais-Winsten regression). Results: Rises in unemployment were associated with an increase in male suicide rates, but evidence for an association in females was limited. In the model controlling for changes in gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, GDP growth, divorce and female labour force participation, for every 1% rise in unemployment, male suicide rates increased by 3.1 (95% confidence interval 1.4-4.8) per 100,000. There is no evidence for a difference in the strength of association between men of different ages. Conclusion: Trends in suicide, particularly for adult males, appear to be influenced by unemployment. The results have implications for suicide prevention, in particular for societies facing acute rises in unemployment during recessions. © 2009 The Royal Society for Public Health.
 
ISSN0033-3506
2012 Impact Factor: 1.35
2012 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.646
 
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2009.11.005
 
ISI Accession Number IDWOS:000274284400010
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Taiwanese Government
Higher Education Funding Council for England
University of Bristol
Funding Information:

The authors wish to acknowledge the support for S-S. Chang's Ph.D study from the Taiwanese Government (the Government Funds of the Ministry of Education), the Higher Education Funding Council for England (Overseas Research Scholarship) and the University of Bristol (University of Bristol Postgraduate Research Scholarship). D. Gunnell is a National Institute of Health Research (NIHR) Senior Investigator.

 
ReferencesReferences in Scopus
 
DC FieldValue
dc.contributor.authorChang, SS
 
dc.contributor.authorSterne, JAC
 
dc.contributor.authorHuang, WC
 
dc.contributor.authorChuang, HL
 
dc.contributor.authorGunnell, D
 
dc.date.accessioned2012-02-23T12:11:45Z
 
dc.date.available2012-02-23T12:11:45Z
 
dc.date.issued2010
 
dc.description.abstractObjective: Despite the wealth of research investigating the association of unemployment with suicide in the West, few studies have investigated the association in non-Western countries. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between secular trends in unemployment and suicide in Taiwan. Study design: Time-series analysis. Methods: Overall and age-specific suicide rates (1959-2007) for Taiwanese men and women aged 15 years or above were calculated from national population and mortality statistics. The association of secular trends in unemployment with suicide was investigated graphically and using time-series modelling (Prais-Winsten regression). Results: Rises in unemployment were associated with an increase in male suicide rates, but evidence for an association in females was limited. In the model controlling for changes in gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, GDP growth, divorce and female labour force participation, for every 1% rise in unemployment, male suicide rates increased by 3.1 (95% confidence interval 1.4-4.8) per 100,000. There is no evidence for a difference in the strength of association between men of different ages. Conclusion: Trends in suicide, particularly for adult males, appear to be influenced by unemployment. The results have implications for suicide prevention, in particular for societies facing acute rises in unemployment during recessions. © 2009 The Royal Society for Public Health.
 
dc.description.natureLink_to_subscribed_fulltext
 
dc.identifier.citationPublic Health, 2010, v. 124 n. 1, p. 49-54 [How to Cite?]
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2009.11.005
 
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2009.11.005
 
dc.identifier.epage54
 
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000274284400010
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Taiwanese Government
Higher Education Funding Council for England
University of Bristol
Funding Information:

The authors wish to acknowledge the support for S-S. Chang's Ph.D study from the Taiwanese Government (the Government Funds of the Ministry of Education), the Higher Education Funding Council for England (Overseas Research Scholarship) and the University of Bristol (University of Bristol Postgraduate Research Scholarship). D. Gunnell is a National Institute of Health Research (NIHR) Senior Investigator.

 
dc.identifier.issn0033-3506
2012 Impact Factor: 1.35
2012 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.646
 
dc.identifier.issue1
 
dc.identifier.pmid20003993
 
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-76449102100
 
dc.identifier.spage49
 
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/145493
 
dc.identifier.volume124
 
dc.languageeng
 
dc.publisherWB Saunders Co Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/puhe
 
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom
 
dc.relation.ispartofPublic Health
 
dc.relation.referencesReferences in Scopus
 
dc.subjectSuicide
 
dc.subjectTaiwan
 
dc.subjectTime-series analysis
 
dc.subjectUnemployment
 
dc.titleAssociation of secular trends in unemployment with suicide in Taiwan, 1959-2007: A time-series analysis
 
dc.typeArticle
 
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Author Affiliations
  1. Western Michigan University
  2. Ju Shan Hospital
  3. National Tsing Hua University
  4. University of Bristol