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Article: On the relation between action selection and movement control in 5- to 9-month-old infants
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TitleOn the relation between action selection and movement control in 5- to 9-month-old infants
 
Authorsvan Wermeskerken, M3
van der Kamp, J3 1
Savelsbergh, GJP3 2
 
KeywordsBiomedicine
Neurosciences
Neurology
 
Issue Date2011
 
PublisherSpringer Berlin / Heidelberg
 
CitationExperimental Brain Research, 2011, v. 211, n. 1, p. 51-62 [How to Cite?]
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00221-011-2645-8
 
AbstractAlthough 5-month-old infants select action modes that are adaptive to the size of the object (i.e., one- or two-handed reaching), it has largely remained unclear whether infants of this age control the ensuing movement to the size of the object (i.e., scaling of the aperture between hands). We examined 5-, 7-, and 9-month-olds' reaching behaviors to gain more insight into the developmental changes occurring in the visual guidance of action mode selection and movement control, and the relationship between these processes. Infants were presented with a small set of objects (i.e., 2, 3, 7, and 8 cm) and a large set of objects (i.e., 6, 9, 12, and 15 cm). For the first set of objects, it was found that the infants more often performed two-handed reaches for the larger objects based on visual information alone (i.e., before making contact with the object), thus showing adaptive action mode selection relative to object size. Kinematical analyses of the two-handed reaches for the second set of objects revealed that inter-trial variance in aperture between the hands decreased with the approach toward the object, indicating that infants' reaching is constrained by the object. Subsequent analysis showed that between hand aperture scaled to object size, indicating that visual control of the movement is adjusted to object size in infants as young as 5 months. Individual analyses indicated that the two processes were not dependent and followed distinct developmental trajectories. That is, adaptive selection of an action mode was not a prerequisite for appropriate aperture scaling, and vice versa. These findings are consistent with the idea of two separate and independent visual systems (Milner and Goodale in Neuropsychologia 46:774-785, 2008) during early infancy. © 2011 The Author(s).
 
ISSN0014-4819
2012 Impact Factor: 2.221
2012 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.148
 
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00221-011-2645-8
 
PubMed Central IDPMC3084940
 
ISI Accession Number IDWOS:000290036900005
 
ReferencesBarrett TM, Traupman E, Needham A (2008) Infants’ visual anticipation of object structure in grasp planning. Infant Behav Dev 31:1–9. doi: 10.1016/j.infbeh.2007.05.004

Bertenthal BI (1996) Origins and early development of perception, action, and representation. Annu Rev Psychol 47:431–459. doi: 10.1146/annurev.psych.47.1.431

Bootsma RJ, van Wieringen PC (1990) Timing an attacking forehand drive in table tennis. J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 16:21–29. doi: 10.1037/0096-1523.16.1.21

Bruner JS, Koslowski B (1972) Visually preadapted constituents of manipulatory action. Perception 1:3–14. doi: 10.1068/p010003

Bushnell EW (1985) The decline of visually guided reaching during infancy. Infant Behav Dev 8:139–155. doi: 10.1016/S0163-6383(85)80002-3

Corbetta D, Snapp-Childs W (2009) Seeing and touching: the role of sensory-motor experience on the development of infant reaching. Infant Behav Dev 32:44–58. doi: 10.1016/j.infbeh.2008.10.004

Corbetta D, Thelen E (1996) The development origins of bimanual coordination: a dynamic perspective. J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 22:502–522. doi: 10.1037/0096-1523.22.2.502

Corbetta D, Thelen E, Johnson K (2000) Motor constraints on the development of perception-action matching in infant reaching. Infant Behav Dev 23:351–371. doi: 10.1016/S0163-6383(01)00049-2

Crajé C, van der Kamp J, Steenbergen B (2008) The effect of the “rod-and-frame” illusion on grip planning in a sequential object manipulation task. Exp Brain Res 185:53–62. doi: 10.1007/s00221-007-1130-x

Dijkerman HC, McIntosh RD, Schindler I, Nijboer TCW, Milner AD (2009) Choosing between alternative wrist postures: action planning needs perception. Neuropsychologia 47:1476–1482. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2008.12.002

Fagard J (2000) Linked proximal and distal changes in the reaching behavior of 5-to 12-month-old human infants grasping objects of different sizes. Infant Behav Dev 23:317–329. doi: 10.1016/S0163-6383(01)00047-9

Fagard J, Pezé A (1997) Age changes in interlimb coupling and the development of bimanual coordination. J Motor Behav 29:199–208. doi: 10.1080/00222899709600835

Gesell A (1946) The ontogenesis of infant behavior. In: Carmichael L (ed) Manual of child psychology. Wiley, New York, pp 295–331. doi: 10.1037/10756-006

Glover S (2004) Separate visual representations in the planning and control of action. Behav Brain Sci 27:3–78

Hesse C, Deubel H (2009) Changes in grasping kinematics due to different start postures of the hand. Hum Mov Sci 28:415–436. doi: 10.1016/j.humov.2009.03.001

Kuypers HGJM (1962) Corticospinal connections: postnatal development in the rhesus monkey. Science 138:678–680. doi: 10.1126/science.138.3541.678

Lee MH, Liu YT, Newell KM (2006) Longitudinal expressions of infant’s prehension as a function of object properties. Infant Behav Dev 29:481–493. doi: 10.1016/j.infbeh.2006.05.004

Marteniuk RG, Leavitt JL, MacKenzie CL, Athenes S (1990) Functional relationships between grasp and transport components in a prehension task. Hum Mov Sci 9:149–176. doi: 10.1016/0167-9457(90)90025-9

Milner AD, Goodale MA (2008) Two visual systems re-viewed. Neuropsychologia 46:774–785. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2007.10.005

Newell KM, Scully DM, McDonald PV, Baillargeon R (1989a) Task constraints and infant grip configurations. Dev Psychobiol 22:817–831. doi: 10.1002/dev.420220806

Newell KM, Scully DM, Tenenbaum F, Hardiman S (1989b) Body scale and the development of prehension. Dev Psychobiol 22:1–13. doi: 10.1002/dev.420220102

Newell KM, McDonald PV, Baillargeon R (1993) Body scale and infant grip configurations. Dev Psychobiol 26:195–205. doi: 10.1002/dev.420260403

Newman C, Atkinson J, Braddick O (2001) The development of reaching and looking preferences in infants to objects of different sizes. Dev Psychol 37:561–572. doi: 10.1037/0012-1649.37.4.561

Rosenbaum DA, Vaughan J, Barnes HJ, Jorgensen MJ (1992) Time course of movement planning: selection of hand grips for object manipulation. J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 18:1058–1073. doi: 10.1037/0278-7393.18.5.1058

Schot WD, Brenner E, Smeets JB (2010) Robust movement segmentation by combining multiple sources of information. J Neurosci Methods 187:147–155. doi: 10.1016/j.jneumeth.2010.01.004

Siddiqui A (1995) Object size as a determinant of grasping in infancy. J Genet Psychol 156:345–358. doi: 10.1080/00221325.1995.9914828

Smeets JB, Brenner E (1999) A new view on grasping. Mot Control 3:237–271

Stelmach GE, Castiello U, Jeannerod M (1994) Orienting the finger opposition space during prehension movements. J Motor Behav 26:178–186. doi: 10.1080/00222895.1994.9941672

Timmann D, Stelmach GE, Bloedel JR (1996) Grasping component alterations and limb transport. Exp Brain Res 108:486–492. doi: 10.1007/BF00227271

Tresilian JR, Stelmach GE (1997) Common organization for unimanual and bimanual reach-to-grasp tasks. Exp Brain Res 115:283–299. doi: 10.1007/PL00005697

van der Kamp J, Savelsbergh GJP (2000) Action and perception in infancy. Infant Behav Dev 23:237–251. doi: 10.1016/S0163-6383(01)00071-6

van der Kamp J, Savelsbergh GJP, Davis WE (1998) Body-scaled ratio as a control parameter for prehension in 5- to 9-year-old children. Dev Psychobiol 33:351–361. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1098-2302(199812)33:4%3C351::AID-DEV6%3E3.0.CO;2-P

van Doorn H, van der Kamp J, Savelsbergh GJ (2007) Grasping the Muller-Lyer illusion: the contributions of vision for perception in action. Neuropsychologia 45:1939–1947. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2006.11.008

van Hof P, van der Kamp J, Savelsbergh GJP (2002) The relation of unimanual and bimanual reaching to crossing the midline. Child Dev 73:1353–1362. doi: 10.1111/1467-8624.00476

van Hof P, van der Kamp J, Savelsbergh GJP (2008) The relation between infants’ perception of catchableness and the control of catching. Dev Psychol 44:182–194. doi: 10.1037/0012-1649.44.1.182

van Soest AJ, Beek PJ (2010) Similar findings, different interpretations: a response to the commentary by Bootsma (2010). J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 36:1064–1066. doi: 10.1037/a0020059

van Wermeskerken M, van der Kamp J, te Velde AF, Valero-Garcia AV, Hoozemans MJM, Savelsbergh GJP (2011) Anticipatory reaching of seven- to eleven-month-old infants in occlusion situations. Infant Behav Dev 34:45–54. doi: 10.1016/j.infbeh.2010.09.005

von Hofsten C, Fazel-Zandy S (1984) Development of visually guided hand orientation in reaching. J Exp Child Psychol 38:208–219. doi: 10.1016/0022-0965(84)90122-X

von Hofsten C, Roennqvist L (1988) Preparation for grasping an object: a developmental study. J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 14:610–621. doi: 10.1037/0096-1523.14.4.610

Wallace SA, Weeks DL, Kelso JAS (1990) Temporal constraints in reaching and grasping behavior. Hum Mov Sci 9:69–93. doi: 10.1016/0167-9457(90)90036-D

Warren WH, Whang S (1987) Visual guidance of walking through apertures: body scaled information for affordances. J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 13:371–383. doi: 10.1037/0096-1523.13.3.371

Atkinson J (2000) The developing visual brain. Oxford University Press, Oxford

Halverson HM (1931) An experimental study of prehension in infants by means of systematic cinema records. Genetic Psychol Monogr 10:107–286

Jeannerod M (1981) Intersegmental coordination during reaching at natural visual objects. In: Long J, Baddeley A (eds) Attention and performance, IX. Erlbaum, Hillsdale, pp 153–168

Kuypers HGJM (1982) A new look at the organization of the motor system. In: Kuypers HGJM, Martin GF (eds) Progress in brain research, vol. 57. Descending pathways to the spinal cord. Elsevier Biomedical, Amsterdam, pp 381–404

Newell KM (1986) Constraints on the development of action. In: Wade MG, Whiting HTA (eds) Motor development in children: aspects of coordination and control. Martinus-Nijhoff, Dordrecht, pp 341–360

van der Kamp J, Rivas F, van Doorn H, Savelsbergh G (2008) Ventral and dorsal system contributions to visual anticipation in fast ball sports. Int J Sport Psychol 39:100–130

van Wermeskerken M, van der Kamp J, Savelsbergh GJP (2010) The early development of the use of visual information for action and perception. In: Elliott D, Khan M (eds) Vision and goal-directed movement: neurobehavioral perspectives. Human Kinetics, Champaign, pp 293–313

Woodworth RS (1899) The accuracy of voluntary movements. Psychol Rev Monogr 3:1–119
 
DC FieldValue
dc.contributor.authorvan Wermeskerken, M
 
dc.contributor.authorvan der Kamp, J
 
dc.contributor.authorSavelsbergh, GJP
 
dc.date.accessioned2012-02-21T05:44:32Z
 
dc.date.available2012-02-21T05:44:32Z
 
dc.date.issued2011
 
dc.description.abstractAlthough 5-month-old infants select action modes that are adaptive to the size of the object (i.e., one- or two-handed reaching), it has largely remained unclear whether infants of this age control the ensuing movement to the size of the object (i.e., scaling of the aperture between hands). We examined 5-, 7-, and 9-month-olds' reaching behaviors to gain more insight into the developmental changes occurring in the visual guidance of action mode selection and movement control, and the relationship between these processes. Infants were presented with a small set of objects (i.e., 2, 3, 7, and 8 cm) and a large set of objects (i.e., 6, 9, 12, and 15 cm). For the first set of objects, it was found that the infants more often performed two-handed reaches for the larger objects based on visual information alone (i.e., before making contact with the object), thus showing adaptive action mode selection relative to object size. Kinematical analyses of the two-handed reaches for the second set of objects revealed that inter-trial variance in aperture between the hands decreased with the approach toward the object, indicating that infants' reaching is constrained by the object. Subsequent analysis showed that between hand aperture scaled to object size, indicating that visual control of the movement is adjusted to object size in infants as young as 5 months. Individual analyses indicated that the two processes were not dependent and followed distinct developmental trajectories. That is, adaptive selection of an action mode was not a prerequisite for appropriate aperture scaling, and vice versa. These findings are consistent with the idea of two separate and independent visual systems (Milner and Goodale in Neuropsychologia 46:774-785, 2008) during early infancy. © 2011 The Author(s).
 
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version
 
dc.description.otherSpringer Open Choice, 21 Feb 2012
 
dc.identifier.citationExperimental Brain Research, 2011, v. 211, n. 1, p. 51-62 [How to Cite?]
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00221-011-2645-8
 
dc.identifier.citeulike9106524
 
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00221-011-2645-8
 
dc.identifier.eissn1432-1106
 
dc.identifier.epage62
 
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000290036900005
 
dc.identifier.issn0014-4819
2012 Impact Factor: 2.221
2012 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.148
 
dc.identifier.issue1
 
dc.identifier.openurl
 
dc.identifier.pmcidPMC3084940
 
dc.identifier.pmid21461601
 
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-79958249702
 
dc.identifier.spage51
 
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/145059
 
dc.identifier.volume211
 
dc.languageEng
 
dc.publisherSpringer Berlin / Heidelberg
 
dc.relation.ispartofExperimental Brain Research
 
dc.relation.referencesBarrett TM, Traupman E, Needham A (2008) Infants’ visual anticipation of object structure in grasp planning. Infant Behav Dev 31:1–9. doi: 10.1016/j.infbeh.2007.05.004
 
dc.relation.referencesBertenthal BI (1996) Origins and early development of perception, action, and representation. Annu Rev Psychol 47:431–459. doi: 10.1146/annurev.psych.47.1.431
 
dc.relation.referencesBootsma RJ, van Wieringen PC (1990) Timing an attacking forehand drive in table tennis. J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 16:21–29. doi: 10.1037/0096-1523.16.1.21
 
dc.relation.referencesBruner JS, Koslowski B (1972) Visually preadapted constituents of manipulatory action. Perception 1:3–14. doi: 10.1068/p010003
 
dc.relation.referencesBushnell EW (1985) The decline of visually guided reaching during infancy. Infant Behav Dev 8:139–155. doi: 10.1016/S0163-6383(85)80002-3
 
dc.relation.referencesCorbetta D, Snapp-Childs W (2009) Seeing and touching: the role of sensory-motor experience on the development of infant reaching. Infant Behav Dev 32:44–58. doi: 10.1016/j.infbeh.2008.10.004
 
dc.relation.referencesCorbetta D, Thelen E (1996) The development origins of bimanual coordination: a dynamic perspective. J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 22:502–522. doi: 10.1037/0096-1523.22.2.502
 
dc.relation.referencesCorbetta D, Thelen E, Johnson K (2000) Motor constraints on the development of perception-action matching in infant reaching. Infant Behav Dev 23:351–371. doi: 10.1016/S0163-6383(01)00049-2
 
dc.relation.referencesCrajé C, van der Kamp J, Steenbergen B (2008) The effect of the “rod-and-frame” illusion on grip planning in a sequential object manipulation task. Exp Brain Res 185:53–62. doi: 10.1007/s00221-007-1130-x
 
dc.relation.referencesDijkerman HC, McIntosh RD, Schindler I, Nijboer TCW, Milner AD (2009) Choosing between alternative wrist postures: action planning needs perception. Neuropsychologia 47:1476–1482. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2008.12.002
 
dc.relation.referencesFagard J (2000) Linked proximal and distal changes in the reaching behavior of 5-to 12-month-old human infants grasping objects of different sizes. Infant Behav Dev 23:317–329. doi: 10.1016/S0163-6383(01)00047-9
 
dc.relation.referencesFagard J, Pezé A (1997) Age changes in interlimb coupling and the development of bimanual coordination. J Motor Behav 29:199–208. doi: 10.1080/00222899709600835
 
dc.relation.referencesGesell A (1946) The ontogenesis of infant behavior. In: Carmichael L (ed) Manual of child psychology. Wiley, New York, pp 295–331. doi: 10.1037/10756-006
 
dc.relation.referencesGlover S (2004) Separate visual representations in the planning and control of action. Behav Brain Sci 27:3–78
 
dc.relation.referencesHesse C, Deubel H (2009) Changes in grasping kinematics due to different start postures of the hand. Hum Mov Sci 28:415–436. doi: 10.1016/j.humov.2009.03.001
 
dc.relation.referencesKuypers HGJM (1962) Corticospinal connections: postnatal development in the rhesus monkey. Science 138:678–680. doi: 10.1126/science.138.3541.678
 
dc.relation.referencesLee MH, Liu YT, Newell KM (2006) Longitudinal expressions of infant’s prehension as a function of object properties. Infant Behav Dev 29:481–493. doi: 10.1016/j.infbeh.2006.05.004
 
dc.relation.referencesMarteniuk RG, Leavitt JL, MacKenzie CL, Athenes S (1990) Functional relationships between grasp and transport components in a prehension task. Hum Mov Sci 9:149–176. doi: 10.1016/0167-9457(90)90025-9
 
dc.relation.referencesMilner AD, Goodale MA (2008) Two visual systems re-viewed. Neuropsychologia 46:774–785. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2007.10.005
 
dc.relation.referencesNewell KM, Scully DM, McDonald PV, Baillargeon R (1989a) Task constraints and infant grip configurations. Dev Psychobiol 22:817–831. doi: 10.1002/dev.420220806
 
dc.relation.referencesNewell KM, Scully DM, Tenenbaum F, Hardiman S (1989b) Body scale and the development of prehension. Dev Psychobiol 22:1–13. doi: 10.1002/dev.420220102
 
dc.relation.referencesNewell KM, McDonald PV, Baillargeon R (1993) Body scale and infant grip configurations. Dev Psychobiol 26:195–205. doi: 10.1002/dev.420260403
 
dc.relation.referencesNewman C, Atkinson J, Braddick O (2001) The development of reaching and looking preferences in infants to objects of different sizes. Dev Psychol 37:561–572. doi: 10.1037/0012-1649.37.4.561
 
dc.relation.referencesRosenbaum DA, Vaughan J, Barnes HJ, Jorgensen MJ (1992) Time course of movement planning: selection of hand grips for object manipulation. J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 18:1058–1073. doi: 10.1037/0278-7393.18.5.1058
 
dc.relation.referencesSchot WD, Brenner E, Smeets JB (2010) Robust movement segmentation by combining multiple sources of information. J Neurosci Methods 187:147–155. doi: 10.1016/j.jneumeth.2010.01.004
 
dc.relation.referencesSiddiqui A (1995) Object size as a determinant of grasping in infancy. J Genet Psychol 156:345–358. doi: 10.1080/00221325.1995.9914828
 
dc.relation.referencesSmeets JB, Brenner E (1999) A new view on grasping. Mot Control 3:237–271
 
dc.relation.referencesStelmach GE, Castiello U, Jeannerod M (1994) Orienting the finger opposition space during prehension movements. J Motor Behav 26:178–186. doi: 10.1080/00222895.1994.9941672
 
dc.relation.referencesTimmann D, Stelmach GE, Bloedel JR (1996) Grasping component alterations and limb transport. Exp Brain Res 108:486–492. doi: 10.1007/BF00227271
 
dc.relation.referencesTresilian JR, Stelmach GE (1997) Common organization for unimanual and bimanual reach-to-grasp tasks. Exp Brain Res 115:283–299. doi: 10.1007/PL00005697
 
dc.relation.referencesvan der Kamp J, Savelsbergh GJP (2000) Action and perception in infancy. Infant Behav Dev 23:237–251. doi: 10.1016/S0163-6383(01)00071-6
 
dc.relation.referencesvan der Kamp J, Savelsbergh GJP, Davis WE (1998) Body-scaled ratio as a control parameter for prehension in 5- to 9-year-old children. Dev Psychobiol 33:351–361. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1098-2302(199812)33:4%3C351::AID-DEV6%3E3.0.CO;2-P
 
dc.relation.referencesvan Doorn H, van der Kamp J, Savelsbergh GJ (2007) Grasping the Muller-Lyer illusion: the contributions of vision for perception in action. Neuropsychologia 45:1939–1947. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2006.11.008
 
dc.relation.referencesvan Hof P, van der Kamp J, Savelsbergh GJP (2002) The relation of unimanual and bimanual reaching to crossing the midline. Child Dev 73:1353–1362. doi: 10.1111/1467-8624.00476
 
dc.relation.referencesvan Hof P, van der Kamp J, Savelsbergh GJP (2008) The relation between infants’ perception of catchableness and the control of catching. Dev Psychol 44:182–194. doi: 10.1037/0012-1649.44.1.182
 
dc.relation.referencesvan Soest AJ, Beek PJ (2010) Similar findings, different interpretations: a response to the commentary by Bootsma (2010). J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 36:1064–1066. doi: 10.1037/a0020059
 
dc.relation.referencesvan Wermeskerken M, van der Kamp J, te Velde AF, Valero-Garcia AV, Hoozemans MJM, Savelsbergh GJP (2011) Anticipatory reaching of seven- to eleven-month-old infants in occlusion situations. Infant Behav Dev 34:45–54. doi: 10.1016/j.infbeh.2010.09.005
 
dc.relation.referencesvon Hofsten C, Fazel-Zandy S (1984) Development of visually guided hand orientation in reaching. J Exp Child Psychol 38:208–219. doi: 10.1016/0022-0965(84)90122-X
 
dc.relation.referencesvon Hofsten C, Roennqvist L (1988) Preparation for grasping an object: a developmental study. J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 14:610–621. doi: 10.1037/0096-1523.14.4.610
 
dc.relation.referencesWallace SA, Weeks DL, Kelso JAS (1990) Temporal constraints in reaching and grasping behavior. Hum Mov Sci 9:69–93. doi: 10.1016/0167-9457(90)90036-D
 
dc.relation.referencesWarren WH, Whang S (1987) Visual guidance of walking through apertures: body scaled information for affordances. J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 13:371–383. doi: 10.1037/0096-1523.13.3.371
 
dc.relation.referencesAtkinson J (2000) The developing visual brain. Oxford University Press, Oxford
 
dc.relation.referencesHalverson HM (1931) An experimental study of prehension in infants by means of systematic cinema records. Genetic Psychol Monogr 10:107–286
 
dc.relation.referencesJeannerod M (1981) Intersegmental coordination during reaching at natural visual objects. In: Long J, Baddeley A (eds) Attention and performance, IX. Erlbaum, Hillsdale, pp 153–168
 
dc.relation.referencesKuypers HGJM (1982) A new look at the organization of the motor system. In: Kuypers HGJM, Martin GF (eds) Progress in brain research, vol. 57. Descending pathways to the spinal cord. Elsevier Biomedical, Amsterdam, pp 381–404
 
dc.relation.referencesNewell KM (1986) Constraints on the development of action. In: Wade MG, Whiting HTA (eds) Motor development in children: aspects of coordination and control. Martinus-Nijhoff, Dordrecht, pp 341–360
 
dc.relation.referencesvan der Kamp J, Rivas F, van Doorn H, Savelsbergh G (2008) Ventral and dorsal system contributions to visual anticipation in fast ball sports. Int J Sport Psychol 39:100–130
 
dc.relation.referencesvan Wermeskerken M, van der Kamp J, Savelsbergh GJP (2010) The early development of the use of visual information for action and perception. In: Elliott D, Khan M (eds) Vision and goal-directed movement: neurobehavioral perspectives. Human Kinetics, Champaign, pp 293–313
 
dc.relation.referencesWoodworth RS (1899) The accuracy of voluntary movements. Psychol Rev Monogr 3:1–119
 
dc.rightsThe Author(s)
 
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License
 
dc.subjectBiomedicine
 
dc.subjectNeurosciences
 
dc.subjectNeurology
 
dc.titleOn the relation between action selection and movement control in 5- to 9-month-old infants
 
dc.typeArticle
 
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<title>On the relation between action selection and movement control in 5- to 9-month-old infants</title>
<type>Article</type>
<identifier.openurl>http://library.hku.hk:4551/resserv?sid=springerlink&amp;genre=article&amp;atitle=On the relation between action selection and movement control in 5- to 9-month-old infants&amp;title=Experimental Brain Research&amp;issn=00144819&amp;date=2011-05-01&amp;volume=211&amp;issue=1&amp; spage=51&amp;authors=Margot van Wermeskerken, John van der Kamp, Geert J. P. Savelsbergh</identifier.openurl>
<description.nature>published_or_final_version</description.nature>
<identifier.doi>10.1007/s00221-011-2645-8</identifier.doi>
<identifier.pmid>21461601</identifier.pmid>
<identifier.pmcid>PMC3084940</identifier.pmcid>
<identifier.scopus>eid_2-s2.0-79958249702</identifier.scopus>
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<identifier.volume>211</identifier.volume>
<identifier.issue>1</identifier.issue>
<identifier.spage>51</identifier.spage>
<identifier.epage>62</identifier.epage>
<identifier.eissn>1432-1106</identifier.eissn>
<identifier.isi>WOS:000290036900005</identifier.isi>
<description.other>Springer Open Choice, 21 Feb 2012</description.other>
<identifier.citeulike>9106524</identifier.citeulike>
<bitstream.url>http://hub.hku.hk/bitstream/10722/145059/1/221_2011_Article_2645.pdf</bitstream.url>
</item>
Author Affiliations
  1. The University of Hong Kong
  2. Manchester Metropolitan University
  3. Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam