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Article: Interaction of hope and optimism with anxiety and depression in a specific group of cancer survivors: A preliminary study

TitleInteraction of hope and optimism with anxiety and depression in a specific group of cancer survivors: A preliminary study
Authors
Issue Date2011
PublisherBioMed Central Ltd.. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.biomedcentral.com/bmcresnotes/
Citation
Bmc Research Notes, 2011, v. 4 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground: Anxiety and depression have been identified as a common psychological distress faced by the majority of cancer patients. With the increasing number of cancer cases, increasing demands will be placed on health systems to address effective psychosocial care and therapy. The objective of this study was to assess the possible role of hope and optimism on anxiety and depression. We also wanted to investigate if there is a specific component of hope that could play a role in buffering anxiety and depression amongst cancer patients. Methods. A retrospective cross sectional study was conducted in the outpatient station of the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at the University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, PR-China. Fifty patients successfully treated for OC cancer were recruited after their informed consents had been obtained during the review clinic. During their regular follow-up controls in the outpatient clinic the patients compiled the hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS), hope scale (HS) and the life orientation scale-revised (LOT-R). Results: Hope was negatively correlated with depression (r = -.55, p <.001) and anxiety (r = -.38, p <.05). Similar pattern was found between optimism and the latter adjustment outcomes (depression: r = -.55, p <.001; anxiety: r = -.35, p <.05). Regression analyses indentified that both hope and optimism were significant predictors of depression. Hope and optimism had equal association with depression (hope: =.40 versus optimism: =.38). Hope and optimism together were significantly predictive of anxiety, whereas neither hope nor optimism alone was significant individual predictors of anxiety. Conclusions: Hope and optimism both negatively correlated with patients' level of anxiety and depression. Besides theoretical implications, this study brings forward relevant findings related to developing specific clinical psychological care in the field of oncology that to date has not been researched specifically in the field of oncology. The results of this study will help guide the direction of future prospective studies in the field of oncology. This will contribute significantly to increasing patients quality of life as well enabling health care facilities to provide all cancer patients a more holistic cancer care. © 2011 Zwahlen et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/144735
ISSN
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.702
PubMed Central ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorRajandram, RKen_HK
dc.contributor.authorHo, SMYen_HK
dc.contributor.authorSamman, Nen_HK
dc.contributor.authorChan, Nen_HK
dc.contributor.authorMcGrath, Cen_HK
dc.contributor.authorZwahlen, RAen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2012-02-03T06:20:32Z-
dc.date.available2012-02-03T06:20:32Z-
dc.date.issued2011en_HK
dc.identifier.citationBmc Research Notes, 2011, v. 4en_HK
dc.identifier.issn1756-0500en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/144735-
dc.description.abstractBackground: Anxiety and depression have been identified as a common psychological distress faced by the majority of cancer patients. With the increasing number of cancer cases, increasing demands will be placed on health systems to address effective psychosocial care and therapy. The objective of this study was to assess the possible role of hope and optimism on anxiety and depression. We also wanted to investigate if there is a specific component of hope that could play a role in buffering anxiety and depression amongst cancer patients. Methods. A retrospective cross sectional study was conducted in the outpatient station of the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at the University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, PR-China. Fifty patients successfully treated for OC cancer were recruited after their informed consents had been obtained during the review clinic. During their regular follow-up controls in the outpatient clinic the patients compiled the hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS), hope scale (HS) and the life orientation scale-revised (LOT-R). Results: Hope was negatively correlated with depression (r = -.55, p <.001) and anxiety (r = -.38, p <.05). Similar pattern was found between optimism and the latter adjustment outcomes (depression: r = -.55, p <.001; anxiety: r = -.35, p <.05). Regression analyses indentified that both hope and optimism were significant predictors of depression. Hope and optimism had equal association with depression (hope: =.40 versus optimism: =.38). Hope and optimism together were significantly predictive of anxiety, whereas neither hope nor optimism alone was significant individual predictors of anxiety. Conclusions: Hope and optimism both negatively correlated with patients' level of anxiety and depression. Besides theoretical implications, this study brings forward relevant findings related to developing specific clinical psychological care in the field of oncology that to date has not been researched specifically in the field of oncology. The results of this study will help guide the direction of future prospective studies in the field of oncology. This will contribute significantly to increasing patients quality of life as well enabling health care facilities to provide all cancer patients a more holistic cancer care. © 2011 Zwahlen et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.en_HK
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherBioMed Central Ltd.. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.biomedcentral.com/bmcresnotes/ en_HK
dc.relation.ispartofBMC Research Notesen_HK
dc.rightsBMC Research Notes. Copyright © BioMed Central Ltd..-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.titleInteraction of hope and optimism with anxiety and depression in a specific group of cancer survivors: A preliminary studyen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.emailHo, SMY: munyin@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailSamman, N: nsamman@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailMcGrath, C: mcgrathc@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailZwahlen, RA: zwahlen@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityHo, SMY=rp00554en_HK
dc.identifier.authoritySamman, N=rp00021en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityMcGrath, C=rp00037en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityZwahlen, RA=rp00055en_HK
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/1756-0500-4-519en_HK
dc.identifier.pmid22123081-
dc.identifier.pmcidPMC3314421-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-82155186094en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros198284en_US
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-82155186094&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume4en_HK
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridRajandram, RK=17342777100en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHo, SMY=25722730500en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSamman, N=7006413627en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChan, N=36678780400en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMcGrath, C=7102335507en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridZwahlen, RA=7004217269en_HK

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