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Article: Effectiveness of oral hygiene interventions against oral and oropharyngeal reservoirs of aerobic and facultatively anaerobic gram-negative bacilli

TitleEffectiveness of oral hygiene interventions against oral and oropharyngeal reservoirs of aerobic and facultatively anaerobic gram-negative bacilli
Authors
KeywordsBacterial colonization
Bone marrow transplantation
Cerebral palsy
Mouth cavity
Mouth flora
Issue Date2012
PublisherMosby, Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/ajic
Citation
American Journal of Infection Control, 2012, v. 40 n. 2, p. 175-182 How to Cite?
AbstractBACKGROUND: Aerobic and facultatively anaerobic gram-negative bacilli (AGNB) are opportunistic pathogens and continue to cause a large number of hospital-acquired infections. AGNB residing in the oral cavity and oropharynx have been linked to nosocomial pneumonia and septicemia. Although AGNB are not considered members of the normal oral and oropharyngeal flora, medically compromised patients have been demonstrated to be susceptible to AGNB colonization. METHODS: A literature search was conducted to retrieve articles that evaluated the effectiveness of oral hygiene interventions in reducing the oral and oropharyngeal carriage of AGNB in medically compromised patients. RESULTS: Few studies have documented the use of mechanical oral hygiene interventions alone against AGNB. Although a number of studies have employed oral hygiene interventions complemented by antiseptic agents such as chlorhexidine and povidone iodine, there appears to be a discrepancy between their in vitro and in vivo effectiveness. CONCLUSION: With the recognition of the oral cavity and oropharynx as a reservoir of AGNB and the recent emergence of multidrug and pandrug resistance in hospital settings, there is a pressing need for additional high-quality randomized controlled trials to determine which oral hygiene interventions or combination of interventions are most effective in eliminating or reducing AGNB carriage.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/143972
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 1.995
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.259
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLam, OLTen_HK
dc.contributor.authorMcGrath, Cen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLi, LSWen_HK
dc.contributor.authorSamaranayake, LPen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2011-12-22T02:50:02Z-
dc.date.available2011-12-22T02:50:02Z-
dc.date.issued2012en_HK
dc.identifier.citationAmerican Journal of Infection Control, 2012, v. 40 n. 2, p. 175-182en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0196-6553en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/143972-
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: Aerobic and facultatively anaerobic gram-negative bacilli (AGNB) are opportunistic pathogens and continue to cause a large number of hospital-acquired infections. AGNB residing in the oral cavity and oropharynx have been linked to nosocomial pneumonia and septicemia. Although AGNB are not considered members of the normal oral and oropharyngeal flora, medically compromised patients have been demonstrated to be susceptible to AGNB colonization. METHODS: A literature search was conducted to retrieve articles that evaluated the effectiveness of oral hygiene interventions in reducing the oral and oropharyngeal carriage of AGNB in medically compromised patients. RESULTS: Few studies have documented the use of mechanical oral hygiene interventions alone against AGNB. Although a number of studies have employed oral hygiene interventions complemented by antiseptic agents such as chlorhexidine and povidone iodine, there appears to be a discrepancy between their in vitro and in vivo effectiveness. CONCLUSION: With the recognition of the oral cavity and oropharynx as a reservoir of AGNB and the recent emergence of multidrug and pandrug resistance in hospital settings, there is a pressing need for additional high-quality randomized controlled trials to determine which oral hygiene interventions or combination of interventions are most effective in eliminating or reducing AGNB carriage.en_HK
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherMosby, Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/ajicen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofAmerican Journal of Infection Controlen_HK
dc.subjectBacterial colonizationen_HK
dc.subjectBone marrow transplantationen_HK
dc.subjectCerebral palsyen_HK
dc.subjectMouth cavity-
dc.subjectMouth flora-
dc.titleEffectiveness of oral hygiene interventions against oral and oropharyngeal reservoirs of aerobic and facultatively anaerobic gram-negative bacillien_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.emailLam, OLT: ottolam@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailMcGrath, C: mcgrathc@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailSamaranayake, LP: lakshman@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityLam, OLT=rp01567en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityMcGrath, C=rp00037en_HK
dc.identifier.authoritySamaranayake, LP=rp00023en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.ajic.2011.03.004en_HK
dc.identifier.pmid21719150-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84857793017en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros198975-
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-84857793017&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume40en_HK
dc.identifier.issue2en_HK
dc.identifier.spage175en_HK
dc.identifier.epage182en_HK
dc.identifier.eissn1527-3296-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000300849800019-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSamaranayake, LP=7102761002en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLi, LSW=41561780400en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMcGrath, C=7102335507en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLam, OLT=36572015600en_HK

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