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Article: Modified symbolic play test for Oriental children

TitleModified symbolic play test for Oriental children
Authors
KeywordsChildren
Chinese
Language
Orientals
Symbolic play test
Issue Date2006
PublisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journals/PED
Citation
Pediatrics International, 2006, v. 48 n. 6, p. 519-524 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground: Symbolic play test (SPT) is a simple test for screening preverbal language in children. This test had been validated in English-speaking children. However, the toys may not be useful for other cultures such as Orientals like Chinese, Japanese, Koreans or Thais as they use chopsticks and bowls as eating utensils rather than spoon, fork or knife. The aim of this study was to find a set of miniature toys suitable for children of Oriental ethnic origin in order to get a reliable language test. Methods: Altogether 140 children were recruited into this study. This included 62 control children and 78 with idiopathic developmental delay. The original SPT was applied together with an additional set of miniature toys appropriate for Oriental culture (i.e. modified version of SPT) by modifying play items in situations 3 and 4 to suit the Chinese culture. The authors replaced the knife, fork and plate with chopsticks and bowl in situation 3 and replaced the tractor and trailer with train carts in situation 4. For the ease of comparison, the authors segregated the age groups with the same age range as the original English-based SPT: less than 20 months (N = 11); 21-30 months (N = 45); 31-40 months (N = 43); 41-50 months (N = 21), and more than 50 months (N = 4). Results: The mean scores of the cohort was higher (14.83) with the modified version of SPT than when the original SPT was used (13.64). A statistically significant increase in the mean score in situation 3 (3.67-3.24 = 0.43), situation 4 (3.76-3.36 = 0.40) and the overall score (14.83-13.64 = 1.19) was obtained when the modified SPT was used instead of the original SPT (all with P < 0.001). Conclusion: The authors recommend replacing play items like spoon, knife, fork and plate with Oriental culture-based items like chopsticks and bowl for the modified SPT (Oriental version). Users of the test should have a set of toy train carts available to supplement the tractor and trailer as these toys were not commonly seen in real life for Oriental children. The authors hope that the modified SPT can be used reliably to assess for preverbal ability of Oriental children, especially Chinese children. © 2006 Blackwell Publishing Asia.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/143531
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 0.868
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.424
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorChu, MMYen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLee, WCen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLeung, JLSen_HK
dc.contributor.authorWong, Ven_HK
dc.date.accessioned2011-12-12T03:51:34Z-
dc.date.available2011-12-12T03:51:34Z-
dc.date.issued2006en_HK
dc.identifier.citationPediatrics International, 2006, v. 48 n. 6, p. 519-524en_HK
dc.identifier.issn1328-8067en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/143531-
dc.description.abstractBackground: Symbolic play test (SPT) is a simple test for screening preverbal language in children. This test had been validated in English-speaking children. However, the toys may not be useful for other cultures such as Orientals like Chinese, Japanese, Koreans or Thais as they use chopsticks and bowls as eating utensils rather than spoon, fork or knife. The aim of this study was to find a set of miniature toys suitable for children of Oriental ethnic origin in order to get a reliable language test. Methods: Altogether 140 children were recruited into this study. This included 62 control children and 78 with idiopathic developmental delay. The original SPT was applied together with an additional set of miniature toys appropriate for Oriental culture (i.e. modified version of SPT) by modifying play items in situations 3 and 4 to suit the Chinese culture. The authors replaced the knife, fork and plate with chopsticks and bowl in situation 3 and replaced the tractor and trailer with train carts in situation 4. For the ease of comparison, the authors segregated the age groups with the same age range as the original English-based SPT: less than 20 months (N = 11); 21-30 months (N = 45); 31-40 months (N = 43); 41-50 months (N = 21), and more than 50 months (N = 4). Results: The mean scores of the cohort was higher (14.83) with the modified version of SPT than when the original SPT was used (13.64). A statistically significant increase in the mean score in situation 3 (3.67-3.24 = 0.43), situation 4 (3.76-3.36 = 0.40) and the overall score (14.83-13.64 = 1.19) was obtained when the modified SPT was used instead of the original SPT (all with P < 0.001). Conclusion: The authors recommend replacing play items like spoon, knife, fork and plate with Oriental culture-based items like chopsticks and bowl for the modified SPT (Oriental version). Users of the test should have a set of toy train carts available to supplement the tractor and trailer as these toys were not commonly seen in real life for Oriental children. The authors hope that the modified SPT can be used reliably to assess for preverbal ability of Oriental children, especially Chinese children. © 2006 Blackwell Publishing Asia.en_HK
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journals/PEDen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofPediatrics Internationalen_HK
dc.subjectChildrenen_HK
dc.subjectChineseen_HK
dc.subjectLanguageen_HK
dc.subjectOrientalsen_HK
dc.subjectSymbolic play testen_HK
dc.subject.mesh*Asian Continental Ancestry Group/psychology/statistics & numerical dataen_US
dc.subject.meshChild, Preschoolen_US
dc.subject.meshDevelopmental Disabilities/*diagnosis/epidemiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshDisability Evaluationen_US
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_US
dc.subject.meshHong Kong/epidemiology/ethnologyen_US
dc.subject.meshHumansen_US
dc.subject.meshInfanten_US
dc.subject.meshLanguage Developmenten_US
dc.subject.meshLanguage Tests/statistics & numerical dataen_US
dc.subject.meshMaleen_US
dc.subject.mesh*Play and Playthingsen_US
dc.subject.meshPredictive Value of Testsen_US
dc.subject.meshResearch Designen_US
dc.subject.mesh*Symbolismen_US
dc.titleModified symbolic play test for Oriental childrenen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.emailWong, V:vcnwong@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityWong, V=rp00334en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/j.1442-200X.2006.02285.xen_HK
dc.identifier.pmid17168967-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-33751376759en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-33751376759&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume48en_HK
dc.identifier.issue6en_HK
dc.identifier.spage519en_HK
dc.identifier.epage524en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000242237500001-
dc.publisher.placeAustraliaen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChu, MMY=15074016000en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLee, WC=8318696100en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLeung, JLS=7202180415en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWong, V=7202525632en_HK

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