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Article: Understanding well-being and optimal functioning: Applying the multilevel personality in context (MPIC) model

TitleUnderstanding well-being and optimal functioning: Applying the multilevel personality in context (MPIC) model
Authors
Issue Date2011
PublisherPsychology Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/1047840X.asp
Citation
Psychological Inquiry, 2011, v. 22 n. 1, p. 1-16 How to Cite?
AbstractIn this article we first describe a broad multilevel framework representing the determinants of human behavior and consider its advantages. Expanding on the upper part of this framework, we then propose the Multilevel Personality in Context (MPIC) model, showing how it integrates and extends past theorizing on the hierarchical organization of personality. The model builds upon McAdams's three-tier (traits, goals, and selves) conception of personality, adding a foundational level (psychological needs) beneath individual differences and incorporating social relations and cultural factors as higher level influences upon behavior and individual differences. New data (N = 3,665 in 21 cultures) are briefly presented showing that culture, self, motive, and trait variables each have independent effects upon subjective well-being (SWB) and showing that psychological need satisfaction (at the foundational level) mediates these effects as predicted. Consistent with McAdams and Pals's (2006) "fifth principle" of personality, culture had top-down effects upon self-level variables and moderated several of the relations to SWB. We conclude by suggesting some general heuristics for designing studies using the MPIC approach. © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/141024
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 6.714
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.166
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorSheldon, KMen_HK
dc.contributor.authorCheng, Cen_HK
dc.contributor.authorHilpert, Jen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2011-09-23T06:23:35Z-
dc.date.available2011-09-23T06:23:35Z-
dc.date.issued2011en_HK
dc.identifier.citationPsychological Inquiry, 2011, v. 22 n. 1, p. 1-16en_HK
dc.identifier.issn1047-840Xen_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/141024-
dc.description.abstractIn this article we first describe a broad multilevel framework representing the determinants of human behavior and consider its advantages. Expanding on the upper part of this framework, we then propose the Multilevel Personality in Context (MPIC) model, showing how it integrates and extends past theorizing on the hierarchical organization of personality. The model builds upon McAdams's three-tier (traits, goals, and selves) conception of personality, adding a foundational level (psychological needs) beneath individual differences and incorporating social relations and cultural factors as higher level influences upon behavior and individual differences. New data (N = 3,665 in 21 cultures) are briefly presented showing that culture, self, motive, and trait variables each have independent effects upon subjective well-being (SWB) and showing that psychological need satisfaction (at the foundational level) mediates these effects as predicted. Consistent with McAdams and Pals's (2006) "fifth principle" of personality, culture had top-down effects upon self-level variables and moderated several of the relations to SWB. We conclude by suggesting some general heuristics for designing studies using the MPIC approach. © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.en_HK
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherPsychology Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/1047840X.aspen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofPsychological Inquiryen_HK
dc.titleUnderstanding well-being and optimal functioning: Applying the multilevel personality in context (MPIC) modelen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.emailCheng, C:ceci-cheng@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityCheng, C=rp00588en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/1047840X.2011.532477en_HK
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-79952466283en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros193802en_US
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-79952466283&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume22en_HK
dc.identifier.issue1en_HK
dc.identifier.spage1en_HK
dc.identifier.epage16en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000288269300001-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSheldon, KM=7006407803en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridCheng, C=7404798168en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHilpert, J=23094433400en_HK
dc.identifier.citeulike9051836-

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