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Article: Implicit practice for technique adaptation in expert performers

TitleImplicit practice for technique adaptation in expert performers
Authors
KeywordsConscious Control
Expertise
Explicit Knowledge
Implicit Motor Learning
Netball Goal Shooting
Performance Pressure
Issue Date2011
PublisherMulti-Science Publishing Co Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.multi-science.co.uk/sports-science&coaching.htm
Citation
International Journal Of Sports Science And Coaching, 2011, v. 6 n. 4, p. 553-566 How to Cite?
AbstractCoaches traditionally rely on explicit approaches (e.g., instruction, video feedback) to adapt technique in skilled athletes. While such methods can generate relatively rapid learning outcomes, the resultant technical execution is susceptible to breakdown under competition pressure. An alternative approach is to use 'implicit motor learning' in which adaptations occur without conscious knowledge of the underlying rules and the newly learned skill is less likely to breakdown under pressure. However, research has not demonstrated whether implicit motor learning can be used to adapt technique in athletes whose skills are already expert. Two expert netball players undertook a 6-week training intervention in which they practiced shooting to an adapted ring (hypothesised to cause an advantageous increase in the trajectory of shots) while responding to a concurrent secondary task (high and low pitched tones). Pre- and post-testing of shooting performance revealed a change in the maximum ball height following the intervention. The players showed no increase in generic or episodic knowledge, remained robust under secondary task load, and were unable to differentiate between pre- and post-test video footage of their shots. These measures indicate that players were unaware of the knowledge underlying adaptations of their technique, but equally highlight the need for further empirical investigation of implicit practice in expert performers.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/139976
ISSN
2014 Impact Factor: 0.480
2014 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.315
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorRendell, Men_HK
dc.contributor.authorFarrow, Den_HK
dc.contributor.authorMasters, Ren_HK
dc.contributor.authorPlummer, Nen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2011-09-23T06:04:01Z-
dc.date.available2011-09-23T06:04:01Z-
dc.date.issued2011en_HK
dc.identifier.citationInternational Journal Of Sports Science And Coaching, 2011, v. 6 n. 4, p. 553-566en_HK
dc.identifier.issn1747-9541en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/139976-
dc.description.abstractCoaches traditionally rely on explicit approaches (e.g., instruction, video feedback) to adapt technique in skilled athletes. While such methods can generate relatively rapid learning outcomes, the resultant technical execution is susceptible to breakdown under competition pressure. An alternative approach is to use 'implicit motor learning' in which adaptations occur without conscious knowledge of the underlying rules and the newly learned skill is less likely to breakdown under pressure. However, research has not demonstrated whether implicit motor learning can be used to adapt technique in athletes whose skills are already expert. Two expert netball players undertook a 6-week training intervention in which they practiced shooting to an adapted ring (hypothesised to cause an advantageous increase in the trajectory of shots) while responding to a concurrent secondary task (high and low pitched tones). Pre- and post-testing of shooting performance revealed a change in the maximum ball height following the intervention. The players showed no increase in generic or episodic knowledge, remained robust under secondary task load, and were unable to differentiate between pre- and post-test video footage of their shots. These measures indicate that players were unaware of the knowledge underlying adaptations of their technique, but equally highlight the need for further empirical investigation of implicit practice in expert performers.en_HK
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherMulti-Science Publishing Co Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.multi-science.co.uk/sports-science&coaching.htmen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Journal of Sports Science and Coachingen_HK
dc.subjectConscious Controlen_HK
dc.subjectExpertiseen_HK
dc.subjectExplicit Knowledgeen_HK
dc.subjectImplicit Motor Learningen_HK
dc.subjectNetball Goal Shootingen_HK
dc.subjectPerformance Pressureen_HK
dc.titleImplicit practice for technique adaptation in expert performersen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.emailMasters, R: mastersr@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityMasters, R=rp00935en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1260/1747-9541.6.4.553en_HK
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-80053537075en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros196143en_US
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-80053537075&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume6en_HK
dc.identifier.issue4en_HK
dc.identifier.spage553en_HK
dc.identifier.epage566en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000296280700008-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridRendell, M=35743512300en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridFarrow, D=7006613807en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMasters, R=7102880488en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridPlummer, N=35488702600en_HK

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