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Article: Reducing errors benefits the field-based learning of a fundamental movement skill in children
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TitleReducing errors benefits the field-based learning of a fundamental movement skill in children
 
AuthorsCapio, CM
Poolton, JM
Sit, CHP
Holmstrom, M
Masters, RSW
 
KeywordsImplicit motor learning
Fundamental movement skill
Overhand throwing
Children
 
Issue Date2013
 
PublisherBlackwell Munksgaard. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journals/SMS
 
CitationScandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 2013, v. 23 n. 2, p. 181-188 [How to Cite?]
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0838.2011.01368.x
 
AbstractProficient fundamental movement skills (FMS) are believed to form the basis of more complex movement patterns in sports. This study examined the development of the FMS of overhand throwing in children through either an error-reduced (ER) or error-strewn (ES) training program. Students (n = 216), aged 8-12 years (M = 9.16, SD = 0.96), practiced overhand throwing in either a program that reduced errors during practice (ER) or one that was ES. ER program reduced errors by incrementally raising the task difficulty, while the ES program had an incremental lowering of task difficulty. Process-oriented assessment of throwing movement form (Test of Gross Motor Development-2) and product-oriented assessment of throwing accuracy (absolute error) were performed. Changes in performance were examined among children in the upper and lower quartiles of the pretest throwing accuracy scores. ER training participants showed greater gains in movement form and accuracy, and performed throwing more effectively with a concurrent secondary cognitive task. Movement form improved among girls, while throwing accuracy improved among children with low ability. Reduced performance errors in FMS training resulted in greater learning than a program that did not restrict errors. Reduced cognitive processing costs (effective dual-task performance) associated with such approach suggest its potential benefits for children with developmental conditions.
 
ISSN0905-7188
2013 Impact Factor: 3.174
 
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0838.2011.01368.x
 
ISI Accession Number IDWOS:000316757200015
 
DC FieldValue
dc.contributor.authorCapio, CM
 
dc.contributor.authorPoolton, JM
 
dc.contributor.authorSit, CHP
 
dc.contributor.authorHolmstrom, M
 
dc.contributor.authorMasters, RSW
 
dc.date.accessioned2011-09-23T06:03:58Z
 
dc.date.available2011-09-23T06:03:58Z
 
dc.date.issued2013
 
dc.description.abstractProficient fundamental movement skills (FMS) are believed to form the basis of more complex movement patterns in sports. This study examined the development of the FMS of overhand throwing in children through either an error-reduced (ER) or error-strewn (ES) training program. Students (n = 216), aged 8-12 years (M = 9.16, SD = 0.96), practiced overhand throwing in either a program that reduced errors during practice (ER) or one that was ES. ER program reduced errors by incrementally raising the task difficulty, while the ES program had an incremental lowering of task difficulty. Process-oriented assessment of throwing movement form (Test of Gross Motor Development-2) and product-oriented assessment of throwing accuracy (absolute error) were performed. Changes in performance were examined among children in the upper and lower quartiles of the pretest throwing accuracy scores. ER training participants showed greater gains in movement form and accuracy, and performed throwing more effectively with a concurrent secondary cognitive task. Movement form improved among girls, while throwing accuracy improved among children with low ability. Reduced performance errors in FMS training resulted in greater learning than a program that did not restrict errors. Reduced cognitive processing costs (effective dual-task performance) associated with such approach suggest its potential benefits for children with developmental conditions.
 
dc.identifier.citationScandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 2013, v. 23 n. 2, p. 181-188 [How to Cite?]
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0838.2011.01368.x
 
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0838.2011.01368.x
 
dc.identifier.eissn1600-0838
 
dc.identifier.epage188
 
dc.identifier.hkuros193948
 
dc.identifier.hkuros230006
 
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000316757200015
 
dc.identifier.issn0905-7188
2013 Impact Factor: 3.174
 
dc.identifier.issue2
 
dc.identifier.pmid22092534
 
dc.identifier.spage181
 
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/139970
 
dc.identifier.volume23
 
dc.languageeng
 
dc.publisherBlackwell Munksgaard. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journals/SMS
 
dc.publisher.placeDenmark
 
dc.relation.ispartofScandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
 
dc.rightsThe definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com
 
dc.subjectImplicit motor learning
 
dc.subjectFundamental movement skill
 
dc.subjectOverhand throwing
 
dc.subjectChildren
 
dc.titleReducing errors benefits the field-based learning of a fundamental movement skill in children
 
dc.typeArticle
 
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<contributor.author>Holmstrom, M</contributor.author>
<contributor.author>Masters, RSW</contributor.author>
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