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Article: Analysis of students' reflective essays on their first human dissection experience

TitleAnalysis of students' reflective essays on their first human dissection experience
Authors
KeywordsCadaver
Death
Language
Linguistics
Medical education
Issue Date2011
PublisherThe Korean Society of Medical Education. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.kjme.kr/
Citation
Korean Journal of Medical Education, 2011, v. 23 n. 3, p. 209-219 How to Cite?
AbstractPurpose: Reflection is increasingly being used in higher education, but the criteria to assess the depth of reflection in student essays are difficult to define. This article tested the hypothesis that a good reflective essay contains more terms indicating mental processes. Methods: The authors selected two essays written by first year medical students at The University of Hong Kong, after their first encounter with cadavers in their dissection class. The two essays were perceived by teachers as having different depths of reflection. The transitivity system in Systemic Functional Linguistics was adopted to compare the two essays in terms of percentage occurrence of different process types (mental, material, relational, verbal, behavioral, existential). Results: The analysis showed that the essay with deeper reflection had a higher percentage occurrence of mental and relational processes and a low percentage occurrence of material processes. The other three processes accounted for only a low percentage of processes in both essays. Conclusion: From the transitivity analysis of the two reflective essays, the hypothesis that a good reflective essay contains more terms indicating mental processes is supported. The transitivity system in systemic functional linguistics can thus be used as an objective framework for assessing the depth of reflection in written essays.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/139796
ISSN

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorChan, LKen_US
dc.contributor.authorShum, MSKen_US
dc.date.accessioned2011-09-23T05:55:59Z-
dc.date.available2011-09-23T05:55:59Z-
dc.date.issued2011en_US
dc.identifier.citationKorean Journal of Medical Education, 2011, v. 23 n. 3, p. 209-219en_US
dc.identifier.issn2005-727X-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/139796-
dc.description.abstractPurpose: Reflection is increasingly being used in higher education, but the criteria to assess the depth of reflection in student essays are difficult to define. This article tested the hypothesis that a good reflective essay contains more terms indicating mental processes. Methods: The authors selected two essays written by first year medical students at The University of Hong Kong, after their first encounter with cadavers in their dissection class. The two essays were perceived by teachers as having different depths of reflection. The transitivity system in Systemic Functional Linguistics was adopted to compare the two essays in terms of percentage occurrence of different process types (mental, material, relational, verbal, behavioral, existential). Results: The analysis showed that the essay with deeper reflection had a higher percentage occurrence of mental and relational processes and a low percentage occurrence of material processes. The other three processes accounted for only a low percentage of processes in both essays. Conclusion: From the transitivity analysis of the two reflective essays, the hypothesis that a good reflective essay contains more terms indicating mental processes is supported. The transitivity system in systemic functional linguistics can thus be used as an objective framework for assessing the depth of reflection in written essays.-
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherThe Korean Society of Medical Education. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.kjme.kr/-
dc.relation.ispartofKorean Journal of Medical Educationen_US
dc.subjectCadaver-
dc.subjectDeath-
dc.subjectLanguage-
dc.subjectLinguistics-
dc.subjectMedical education-
dc.titleAnalysis of students' reflective essays on their first human dissection experienceen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailChan, LK: lapki@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailShum, MSK: mskshum@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityChan, LK=rp00536en_US
dc.identifier.authorityShum, MSK=rp00956en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_OA_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.3946/kjme.2011.23.3.209-
dc.identifier.hkuros196229en_US
dc.identifier.volume23en_US
dc.identifier.issue3en_US
dc.identifier.spage209en_US
dc.identifier.epage219en_US
dc.publisher.placeRepublic of Korea-

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