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Article: Assembly, accretion, and break-up of the Palaeo-Mesoproterozoic Columbia supercontinent: Record in the North China Craton revisited

TitleAssembly, accretion, and break-up of the Palaeo-Mesoproterozoic Columbia supercontinent: Record in the North China Craton revisited
Authors
Keywordscollision
Columbia
North China Craton
rifting
supercontinent
Issue Date2011
PublisherTaylor & Francis Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/TIGR
Citation
International Geology Review, 2011, v. 53 n. 11-12, p. 1331-1356 How to Cite?
AbstractColumbia is a Palaeo-Mesoproterozoic supercontinent that was assembled during global 2.0-1.8Ga collisional events, underwent long-lived, subduction-related accretion at key continental margins in the period 1.8-1.3Ga, commenced to fragment ∼1.6Ga ago, and finally broke up at ∼1.3Ga. Similar to most other cratonic blocks (Laurentia, Baltica, Siberia, Amazonia, West African, South Africa, India, Australia, and Antarctica), the North China Craton records the history of assembly, accretion, and break-up of the Columbia supercontinent. New data indicate that the Archaean to Palaeoproterozoic basement of the North China Craton was assembled by microcontinental blocks along three Palaeoproterozoic collisional belts: the Khondalite Belt, the Jiao-Liao-Ji Belt, and the Trans-North China Orogen. The Khondalite Belt was formed by collision between the Yinshan and Ordos blocks and was amalgamated to form the Western Block at ∼1.95Ga. The Eastern Block underwent Palaeoproterozoic rifting at 2.2-1.9Ga to break-up into the Longgang and Nangrim blocks; then the rift basin/incipient ocean closed attending subduction and collision to form the Jiao-Liao-Ji Belt at ∼1.9Ga. Finally, the Western and Eastern blocks collided along the Trans-North China Orogen to form the coherent basement of the North China Craton at ∼1.85Ga. Following this final assembly, the North China Craton underwent subduction-related accretion at its southern margin during the period 1.78-1.45Ga, forming the Xiong'er volcanic belt. At 1.6-1.2Ga, the northern margin of the North China Craton underwent a rifting event that led to separation of the craton from other cratonic blocks of the supercontinent Columbia, forming the 1.6-1.2Ga Zhaertai-Bayan Obo rift zone and associated 1.35Ga mafic sills along the northern margin of the craton. These data indicate that in any configuration of Columbia, the southern margin of the North China Craton must have faced an open ocean, whereas its northern margin was connected to another continental block. © 2011 Taylor & Francis.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/139162
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.365
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.248
ISI Accession Number ID
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Chinese National 973 Programme2007CB411307
Chinese NSFC40730315
40872123
40872122
Hong Kong RGC7066/07P
7063/06P
7053/08P
Funding Information:

We thank the Guest Editor J.J.W. Rogers for inviting us to write this article. We appreciate the reviews by Drs T.F. Zhou and S.B. Zhang. This research was funded by the Chinese National 973 Programme (2007CB411307), Chinese NSFC Grants (40730315, 40872123, and 40872122), and Hong Kong RGC grants (7066/07P, 7063/06P, and 7053/08P).

References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorZhao, Gen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLi, Sen_HK
dc.contributor.authorSun, Men_HK
dc.contributor.authorWilde, SAen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2011-09-23T05:46:12Z-
dc.date.available2011-09-23T05:46:12Z-
dc.date.issued2011en_HK
dc.identifier.citationInternational Geology Review, 2011, v. 53 n. 11-12, p. 1331-1356en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0020-6814en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/139162-
dc.description.abstractColumbia is a Palaeo-Mesoproterozoic supercontinent that was assembled during global 2.0-1.8Ga collisional events, underwent long-lived, subduction-related accretion at key continental margins in the period 1.8-1.3Ga, commenced to fragment ∼1.6Ga ago, and finally broke up at ∼1.3Ga. Similar to most other cratonic blocks (Laurentia, Baltica, Siberia, Amazonia, West African, South Africa, India, Australia, and Antarctica), the North China Craton records the history of assembly, accretion, and break-up of the Columbia supercontinent. New data indicate that the Archaean to Palaeoproterozoic basement of the North China Craton was assembled by microcontinental blocks along three Palaeoproterozoic collisional belts: the Khondalite Belt, the Jiao-Liao-Ji Belt, and the Trans-North China Orogen. The Khondalite Belt was formed by collision between the Yinshan and Ordos blocks and was amalgamated to form the Western Block at ∼1.95Ga. The Eastern Block underwent Palaeoproterozoic rifting at 2.2-1.9Ga to break-up into the Longgang and Nangrim blocks; then the rift basin/incipient ocean closed attending subduction and collision to form the Jiao-Liao-Ji Belt at ∼1.9Ga. Finally, the Western and Eastern blocks collided along the Trans-North China Orogen to form the coherent basement of the North China Craton at ∼1.85Ga. Following this final assembly, the North China Craton underwent subduction-related accretion at its southern margin during the period 1.78-1.45Ga, forming the Xiong'er volcanic belt. At 1.6-1.2Ga, the northern margin of the North China Craton underwent a rifting event that led to separation of the craton from other cratonic blocks of the supercontinent Columbia, forming the 1.6-1.2Ga Zhaertai-Bayan Obo rift zone and associated 1.35Ga mafic sills along the northern margin of the craton. These data indicate that in any configuration of Columbia, the southern margin of the North China Craton must have faced an open ocean, whereas its northern margin was connected to another continental block. © 2011 Taylor & Francis.en_HK
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherTaylor & Francis Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/TIGRen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Geology Reviewen_HK
dc.subjectcollisionen_HK
dc.subjectColumbiaen_HK
dc.subjectNorth China Cratonen_HK
dc.subjectriftingen_HK
dc.subjectsupercontinenten_HK
dc.titleAssembly, accretion, and break-up of the Palaeo-Mesoproterozoic Columbia supercontinent: Record in the North China Craton revisiteden_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0020-6814&volume=53&issue=11-12&spage=1331–1356&epage=&date=2011&atitle=Assembly,+accretion,+and+break-up+of+the+Palaeo-Mesoproterozoic+Columbia+supercontinent:+records+in+the+North+China+Craton+revisited-
dc.identifier.emailZhao, G:gzhao@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailSun, M:minsun@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityZhao, G=rp00842en_HK
dc.identifier.authoritySun, M=rp00780en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/00206814.2010.527631en_HK
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-79960492181en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros193863en_US
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-79960492181&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume53en_HK
dc.identifier.issue11-12en_HK
dc.identifier.spage1331en_HK
dc.identifier.epage1356en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000296199500006-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridZhao, G=7403296321en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLi, S=35248444400en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSun, M=25932315800en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWilde, SA=35254758600en_HK

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