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Article: Constraints on Implicit Learning of Grammatical Form-Meaning Connections

TitleConstraints on Implicit Learning of Grammatical Form-Meaning Connections
Authors
KeywordsAnimacy
Article system
Form-meaning connections
Implicit learning
Second language acquisition
Vocabulary learning
Issue Date2012
PublisherBlackwell Publishing, Inc.
Citation
Language Learning, 2012, v. 62 n. 2, p. 634-662 How to Cite?
AbstractAlthough there is good evidence for implicit learning of associations between forms, little work has investigated implicit learning of form-meaning connections, and the findings are somewhat contradictory. Two experiments were carried out using a novel reaction time methodology to investigate implicit learning of grammatical form-meaning connections. Participants learned four novel articles but were not told about a critical semantic factor that determines agreement with the accompanying noun. Their task was to indicate as quickly as possible which of two pictures was being referred to by an article-noun combination. The measure of learning was whether response times would slow down when the agreement rule was violated (i.e., when the wrong article was used for the picture being referred to). Experiment 1 revealed such an effect when articles correlated with noun animacy, even for participants with no reported awareness of this regularity. In Experiment 2 no such effect was obtained when the regularity concerned the relative size of two objects. It is concluded that grammatical form-meaning connections may be learned implicitly, but learning is constrained by the nature of the meaning involved. It is argued that concepts are differentially available to implicit language learning processes. © 2011 Language Learning Research Club, University of Michigan.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/138812
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 1.869
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 2.473
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLeung, JHCen_HK
dc.contributor.authorWilliams, JNen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2011-09-23T05:38:33Z-
dc.date.available2011-09-23T05:38:33Z-
dc.date.issued2012en_HK
dc.identifier.citationLanguage Learning, 2012, v. 62 n. 2, p. 634-662en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0023-8333en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/138812-
dc.description.abstractAlthough there is good evidence for implicit learning of associations between forms, little work has investigated implicit learning of form-meaning connections, and the findings are somewhat contradictory. Two experiments were carried out using a novel reaction time methodology to investigate implicit learning of grammatical form-meaning connections. Participants learned four novel articles but were not told about a critical semantic factor that determines agreement with the accompanying noun. Their task was to indicate as quickly as possible which of two pictures was being referred to by an article-noun combination. The measure of learning was whether response times would slow down when the agreement rule was violated (i.e., when the wrong article was used for the picture being referred to). Experiment 1 revealed such an effect when articles correlated with noun animacy, even for participants with no reported awareness of this regularity. In Experiment 2 no such effect was obtained when the regularity concerned the relative size of two objects. It is concluded that grammatical form-meaning connections may be learned implicitly, but learning is constrained by the nature of the meaning involved. It is argued that concepts are differentially available to implicit language learning processes. © 2011 Language Learning Research Club, University of Michigan.en_HK
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherBlackwell Publishing, Inc.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofLanguage Learningen_HK
dc.rightsThe definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com-
dc.subjectAnimacyen_HK
dc.subjectArticle systemen_HK
dc.subjectForm-meaning connectionsen_HK
dc.subjectImplicit learningen_HK
dc.subjectSecond language acquisitionen_HK
dc.subjectVocabulary learningen_HK
dc.titleConstraints on Implicit Learning of Grammatical Form-Meaning Connectionsen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.emailLeung, JHC: hiuchi@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityLeung, JHC=rp01168en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/j.1467-9922.2011.00637.xen_HK
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84860683440en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros192945en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros205885-
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-84860683440&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume62en_HK
dc.identifier.issue2en_HK
dc.identifier.spage634en_HK
dc.identifier.epage662en_HK
dc.identifier.eissn1467-9922-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000303737100010-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLeung, JHC=55108135000en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWilliams, JN=7409579897en_HK
dc.identifier.citeulike9997698-

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