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Conference Paper: Spontaneous Emission in 2D Arbitrary Inhomogeneous Environment

TitleSpontaneous Emission in 2D Arbitrary Inhomogeneous Environment
Authors
Issue Date2011
PublisherElectromagnetics Academy. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.piers.org/piersproceedings/
Citation
The 30th Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium (PIERS), Suzhou, China, 12-16 September 2011. In Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium Abstracts, 2011, p. 569 How to Cite?
AbstractAbstract| Control of spontaneously emitted light lies at the heart of quantum optics. It is essential for diverse applications ranging from lasers, light-emitting diodes, solar cells, and quan- tum information. According to the quantum electrodynamics theory, the spontaneous emission (SE) of an atom can be a weak-coupling radiation process due to the vacuum °uctuations of electromagnetic ¯eld. A suitable modi¯cation of inhomogeneous environment is required so that the vacuum °uctuations controlling the SE can be manipulated. Inhibiting unwanted SE and boosting desired ones will promote the novel optoelectronic designs tailored to industrial stan- dard. The local density of states (LDOS) counts the number of electromagnetic modes where photons can be emitted at the speci¯c location of the emitter, and can be interpreted as the density of vacuum °uctuations. The inhibition or enhancement of SE boils down to how the LDOS of photons is controlled. In this work, the SE of the excited atoms in 2D arbitrary inhomogeneous environment has been systematically studied. The LDOS determines the radiation dynamics of a point source (for 3D) or a line source (for 2D). In particular, it also determines the SE rate, and the LDOS is represented by the electric dyadic Green's function. The numerical solution of the electric Green's tensor has been accurately obtained by the ¯nite-di®erence frequency-domain method with the proper approximations of the monopole and dipole sources. The SE of the atoms in the photonic crystal and plasmonic metal plates has been comprehensively and comparatively investigated. For both systems, the SE strongly depends on their respective dispersion relations and could be modi¯ed or tuned by the ¯nite-structure or ¯nite-size e®ects. This work is important for the SE engineering and optimized design of optoelectronic devices.
DescriptionSession 3P1b: Optics and Photonics 1
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/137736
ISSN

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorQiao, PFen_US
dc.contributor.authorSha, Wen_US
dc.contributor.authorChen, Yen_US
dc.contributor.authorChoy, WCHen_US
dc.contributor.authorChew, WCen_US
dc.date.accessioned2011-08-26T14:32:32Z-
dc.date.available2011-08-26T14:32:32Z-
dc.date.issued2011en_US
dc.identifier.citationThe 30th Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium (PIERS), Suzhou, China, 12-16 September 2011. In Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium Abstracts, 2011, p. 569en_US
dc.identifier.issn1559-9450-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/137736-
dc.descriptionSession 3P1b: Optics and Photonics 1-
dc.description.abstractAbstract| Control of spontaneously emitted light lies at the heart of quantum optics. It is essential for diverse applications ranging from lasers, light-emitting diodes, solar cells, and quan- tum information. According to the quantum electrodynamics theory, the spontaneous emission (SE) of an atom can be a weak-coupling radiation process due to the vacuum °uctuations of electromagnetic ¯eld. A suitable modi¯cation of inhomogeneous environment is required so that the vacuum °uctuations controlling the SE can be manipulated. Inhibiting unwanted SE and boosting desired ones will promote the novel optoelectronic designs tailored to industrial stan- dard. The local density of states (LDOS) counts the number of electromagnetic modes where photons can be emitted at the speci¯c location of the emitter, and can be interpreted as the density of vacuum °uctuations. The inhibition or enhancement of SE boils down to how the LDOS of photons is controlled. In this work, the SE of the excited atoms in 2D arbitrary inhomogeneous environment has been systematically studied. The LDOS determines the radiation dynamics of a point source (for 3D) or a line source (for 2D). In particular, it also determines the SE rate, and the LDOS is represented by the electric dyadic Green's function. The numerical solution of the electric Green's tensor has been accurately obtained by the ¯nite-di®erence frequency-domain method with the proper approximations of the monopole and dipole sources. The SE of the atoms in the photonic crystal and plasmonic metal plates has been comprehensively and comparatively investigated. For both systems, the SE strongly depends on their respective dispersion relations and could be modi¯ed or tuned by the ¯nite-structure or ¯nite-size e®ects. This work is important for the SE engineering and optimized design of optoelectronic devices.-
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherElectromagnetics Academy. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.piers.org/piersproceedings/-
dc.relation.ispartofProgress in Electromagnetics Research Symposiumen_US
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.titleSpontaneous Emission in 2D Arbitrary Inhomogeneous Environmenten_US
dc.typeConference_Paperen_US
dc.identifier.emailSha, W: shawei@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailChoy, WCH: chchoy@eee.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailChew, WC: wcchew@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authoritySha, W=rp01605en_US
dc.identifier.authorityChoy, WCH=rp00218en_US
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.hkuros191805en_US
dc.identifier.spage569-
dc.identifier.epage569-
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-

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