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Article: Dental caries prevalence and distribution among preschoolers in Singapore.

TitleDental caries prevalence and distribution among preschoolers in Singapore.
Authors
Issue Date2009
PublisherF D I World Dental Press Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.fdiworldental.org/resources/4_3community.html
Citation
Community Dental Health, 2009, v. 26 n. 1, p. 12-17 How to Cite?
AbstractOBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence, severity and distribution of dental caries among preschoolers in Singapore. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: population-based, cross-sectional study. SETTING: 13 randomly selected People's Action Party Community Foundation (PCF) Education Centers, the main provider of preschool education in Singapore. PARTICIPANTS: 1782 children aged 3-6 years. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The caries status was evaluated by using WHO examination procedures and diagnostic criteria. RESULTS: About 40% children (26%, 37%, and 49% for 3-4, 4-5, and 5-6 year-olds, respectively) were affected by caries. The mean (SD) deft and defs were 1.54 (2.75) and 3.30 (7.49), respectively. About 90% of the affected teeth were decayed teeth. A significantly skewed distribution of caries lesions was revealed, indicating that 16% children with high caries activity (deft > or =4) were carrying 78% lesions. Rampant caries, defined as caries affecting the smooth surfaces of two or more maxillary incisors, was found in 16.5% of children. About 61% of affected surfaces were smooth surfaces. Malays and boys tended to have more rampant caries. Higher caries severity and treatment need were found among Malays and children in the low socio-economic group. CONCLUSIONS: Caries is a severe oral health problem for Singaporean preschoolers, especially in the Malay community and among children with low economic status.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/136770
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 0.767
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.395
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorGao, XLen_HK
dc.contributor.authorHsu, CYen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLoh, Ten_HK
dc.contributor.authorKoh, Den_HK
dc.contributor.authorHwamg, HBen_HK
dc.contributor.authorXu, Yen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2011-07-29T02:11:41Z-
dc.date.available2011-07-29T02:11:41Z-
dc.date.issued2009en_HK
dc.identifier.citationCommunity Dental Health, 2009, v. 26 n. 1, p. 12-17en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0265-539Xen_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/136770-
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence, severity and distribution of dental caries among preschoolers in Singapore. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: population-based, cross-sectional study. SETTING: 13 randomly selected People's Action Party Community Foundation (PCF) Education Centers, the main provider of preschool education in Singapore. PARTICIPANTS: 1782 children aged 3-6 years. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The caries status was evaluated by using WHO examination procedures and diagnostic criteria. RESULTS: About 40% children (26%, 37%, and 49% for 3-4, 4-5, and 5-6 year-olds, respectively) were affected by caries. The mean (SD) deft and defs were 1.54 (2.75) and 3.30 (7.49), respectively. About 90% of the affected teeth were decayed teeth. A significantly skewed distribution of caries lesions was revealed, indicating that 16% children with high caries activity (deft > or =4) were carrying 78% lesions. Rampant caries, defined as caries affecting the smooth surfaces of two or more maxillary incisors, was found in 16.5% of children. About 61% of affected surfaces were smooth surfaces. Malays and boys tended to have more rampant caries. Higher caries severity and treatment need were found among Malays and children in the low socio-economic group. CONCLUSIONS: Caries is a severe oral health problem for Singaporean preschoolers, especially in the Malay community and among children with low economic status.en_HK
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherF D I World Dental Press Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.fdiworldental.org/resources/4_3community.htmlen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofCommunity dental healthen_HK
dc.subject.meshAge Distributionen_HK
dc.subject.meshChilden_HK
dc.subject.meshChild, Preschoolen_HK
dc.subject.meshCross-Sectional Studiesen_HK
dc.subject.meshDental Caries - epidemiology - ethnologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshDental Health Surveysen_HK
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_HK
dc.subject.meshHumansen_HK
dc.subject.meshMaleen_HK
dc.subject.meshPrevalenceen_HK
dc.subject.meshRisk Factorsen_HK
dc.subject.meshSeverity of Illness Indexen_HK
dc.subject.meshSex Factorsen_HK
dc.subject.meshSingapore - epidemiologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshSocioeconomic Factorsen_HK
dc.titleDental caries prevalence and distribution among preschoolers in Singapore.en_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.emailGao, XL:gaoxl@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityGao, XL=rp01509en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.pmid19385434-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-68549140414en_HK
dc.identifier.volume26en_HK
dc.identifier.issue1en_HK
dc.identifier.spage12en_HK
dc.identifier.epage17en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000267722100003-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridGao, XL=36102275600en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHsu, CY=7404946106en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLoh, T=36849141600en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridKoh, D=7103039121en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHwamg, HB=32167513000en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridXu, Y=36155898100en_HK

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