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Book Chapter: Open Innovation for Environmental Research

TitleOpen Innovation for Environmental Research
Authors
Issue Date2011
PublisherFaculty of Engineering, & Initiative on Clean Energy and Environment, The University of Hong Kong
Citation
Open Innovation for Environmental Research. In Fok, WWT (Eds.), Clean Energy and Environment: Combating Climate Change by Hong Kong Researchers and Professionals, p. 136-153. Hong Kong: Faculty of Engineering, & Initiative on Clean Energy and Environment, The University of Hong Kong, 2011 How to Cite?
AbstractInnovation plays a key role in driving industries to gain competitive advantage. Increasingly, open innovation is considered a key driver to help industries accelerate the rate of innovation through exploitation of the free flow of internal and external knowledge and expertise. It is believed that industries will thus acquire stronger capability for innovation given the external input of expertise and knowledge that complements their internal capabilities. As a result, such businesses can achieve higher industrial competitiveness than those which rely only on traditional closed innovation approach. University-industry collaboration can be considered as a form of open innovation. Industries, especially small and medium enterprises, are particularly interested in partnering with universities as niche collaborators due to their innovation competence. In face of intensive competition from other neighboring cities in China like Shenzhen, Shanghai and Beijing, and neighboring countries like Singapore, Hong Kong has increasingly attempted to achieve economic competitiveness through innovation. University-industry collaboration has been increasingly advocated by the government as an effective means for innovation, such as the development and commercialization of niche technologies for the environment. In 2009-2010, Hong Kong ranked third in Global Innovation Index, out of 132 economies surveyed. In terms of university-industry collaboration, Hong Kong ranked twenty-seven. To gain a deeper understanding of what determines industry-university innovation, this study focusses on all cleaner energy and environmental-oriented Innovation-and-Technology (ITF) funded projects that have been approved since the establishment of Hong Kong Innovation and Technology Fund in 1999 and that have involved university-industry collaboration. A total of 145 out of 2,345 ITF funded projects that carry the theme of cleaner energy and environment research and development during 1999-2010 have been selected. Quantitative surveys and qualitative face-to-face interviews have been conducted to identify what drivers and barriers for this group of ITF industries are involved in their engagement in industry university collaboration, and why these drivers and barriers exist. The result obtained shows that majority of the local industries surveyed and interviewed are eager to collaborate with universities in environmental innovation for competitive advantage, especially for gaining reputations and securing future business opportunities. However, huge obstacles exist for local industries to partner with universities, especially for the SMEs, due to policy and institutional constraints. Innovation policies in support of SME innovation and institutional mechanisms to help SMEs find the right university partners are particularly relevant and critical for promoting open innovation (in the form of university-industry collaboration) in environmental and cleaner energy research among local industries in future.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/136696
ISBN

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLam, JCKen_US
dc.contributor.authorNg, CKWen_US
dc.contributor.authorHills, PRen_US
dc.date.accessioned2011-07-27T02:28:32Z-
dc.date.available2011-07-27T02:28:32Z-
dc.date.issued2011en_US
dc.identifier.citationOpen Innovation for Environmental Research. In Fok, WWT (Eds.), Clean Energy and Environment: Combating Climate Change by Hong Kong Researchers and Professionals, p. 136-153. Hong Kong: Faculty of Engineering, & Initiative on Clean Energy and Environment, The University of Hong Kong, 2011en_US
dc.identifier.isbn9789881504517-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/136696-
dc.description.abstractInnovation plays a key role in driving industries to gain competitive advantage. Increasingly, open innovation is considered a key driver to help industries accelerate the rate of innovation through exploitation of the free flow of internal and external knowledge and expertise. It is believed that industries will thus acquire stronger capability for innovation given the external input of expertise and knowledge that complements their internal capabilities. As a result, such businesses can achieve higher industrial competitiveness than those which rely only on traditional closed innovation approach. University-industry collaboration can be considered as a form of open innovation. Industries, especially small and medium enterprises, are particularly interested in partnering with universities as niche collaborators due to their innovation competence. In face of intensive competition from other neighboring cities in China like Shenzhen, Shanghai and Beijing, and neighboring countries like Singapore, Hong Kong has increasingly attempted to achieve economic competitiveness through innovation. University-industry collaboration has been increasingly advocated by the government as an effective means for innovation, such as the development and commercialization of niche technologies for the environment. In 2009-2010, Hong Kong ranked third in Global Innovation Index, out of 132 economies surveyed. In terms of university-industry collaboration, Hong Kong ranked twenty-seven. To gain a deeper understanding of what determines industry-university innovation, this study focusses on all cleaner energy and environmental-oriented Innovation-and-Technology (ITF) funded projects that have been approved since the establishment of Hong Kong Innovation and Technology Fund in 1999 and that have involved university-industry collaboration. A total of 145 out of 2,345 ITF funded projects that carry the theme of cleaner energy and environment research and development during 1999-2010 have been selected. Quantitative surveys and qualitative face-to-face interviews have been conducted to identify what drivers and barriers for this group of ITF industries are involved in their engagement in industry university collaboration, and why these drivers and barriers exist. The result obtained shows that majority of the local industries surveyed and interviewed are eager to collaborate with universities in environmental innovation for competitive advantage, especially for gaining reputations and securing future business opportunities. However, huge obstacles exist for local industries to partner with universities, especially for the SMEs, due to policy and institutional constraints. Innovation policies in support of SME innovation and institutional mechanisms to help SMEs find the right university partners are particularly relevant and critical for promoting open innovation (in the form of university-industry collaboration) in environmental and cleaner energy research among local industries in future.-
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherFaculty of Engineering, & Initiative on Clean Energy and Environment, The University of Hong Kong-
dc.relation.ispartofClean Energy and Environment: Combating Climate Change by Hong Kong Researchers and Professionalsen_US
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.titleOpen Innovation for Environmental Researchen_US
dc.typeBook_Chapteren_US
dc.identifier.emailLam, JCK: h9992013@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailNg, CKW: kwclever@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailHills, PR: phills@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityLam, JCK=rp00864en_US
dc.identifier.authorityHills, PR=rp00858en_US
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.hkuros188928en_US
dc.identifier.spage136-
dc.identifier.epage153-
dc.publisher.placeHong Kong-

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