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Article: The evidentiary values of "cold hits" in a DNA database search on two-person mixture

TitleThe evidentiary values of "cold hits" in a DNA database search on two-person mixture
Authors
KeywordsDatabase search
DNA
Likelihood ratio
Mixture
Issue Date2011
PublisherElsevier Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/711629/description#description
Citation
Science And Justice, 2011, v. 51 n. 1, p. 10-15 How to Cite?
AbstractWe provide a unified overview on the evaluation of the evidentiary values of cold-hit DNA matches between profiles in a DNA database and a mixed crime sample. Also discussed are methods of handling missing data in evaluating the DNA evidence. Through the analysis of a constructed murder case using Swedish data, we illustrate the applicability of the methods on various situations including the presence of multiple matches and consideration of allele drop-out. We also demonstrate the calculation of the probability of erroneous attribution as a measure of the effectiveness of the database search on DNA mixtures. © 2010 Forensic Science Society.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/135509
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 1.959
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.001
ISI Accession Number ID
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Croucher Foundation
Funding Information:

Special thanks to Anna Beckman of the Swedish National Laboratory of Forensic Science for providing useful information on the Swedish national DNA database. The authors also thank the anonymous referees for their valuable comments and suggestions. This work was partially supported by the Croucher Foundation.

References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorChung, YKen_HK
dc.contributor.authorFung, WKen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2011-07-27T01:36:10Z-
dc.date.available2011-07-27T01:36:10Z-
dc.date.issued2011en_HK
dc.identifier.citationScience And Justice, 2011, v. 51 n. 1, p. 10-15en_HK
dc.identifier.issn1355-0306en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/135509-
dc.description.abstractWe provide a unified overview on the evaluation of the evidentiary values of cold-hit DNA matches between profiles in a DNA database and a mixed crime sample. Also discussed are methods of handling missing data in evaluating the DNA evidence. Through the analysis of a constructed murder case using Swedish data, we illustrate the applicability of the methods on various situations including the presence of multiple matches and consideration of allele drop-out. We also demonstrate the calculation of the probability of erroneous attribution as a measure of the effectiveness of the database search on DNA mixtures. © 2010 Forensic Science Society.en_HK
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherElsevier Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/711629/description#description en_HK
dc.relation.ispartofScience and Justiceen_HK
dc.subjectDatabase searchen_HK
dc.subjectDNAen_HK
dc.subjectLikelihood ratioen_HK
dc.subjectMixtureen_HK
dc.subject.meshCrime-
dc.subject.meshDNA Fingerprinting-
dc.subject.meshDatabases, Nucleic Acid-
dc.subject.meshGenotype-
dc.subject.meshLikelihood Functions-
dc.titleThe evidentiary values of "cold hits" in a DNA database search on two-person mixtureen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.emailFung, WK: wingfung@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityFung, WK=rp00696en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.scijus.2010.07.002en_HK
dc.identifier.pmid21334575-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-79951724921en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros187611en_US
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-79951724921&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume51en_HK
dc.identifier.issue1en_HK
dc.identifier.spage10en_HK
dc.identifier.epage15en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000288479400003-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChung, YK=7404384597en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridFung, WK=13310399400en_HK

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