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Article: Sexually transmitted infections among female sex workers in Hong Kong: The role of migration status

TitleSexually transmitted infections among female sex workers in Hong Kong: The role of migration status
Authors
Issue Date2011
PublisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.wiley.com/bw/journal.asp?ref=1195-1982
Citation
Journal Of Travel Medicine, 2011, v. 18 n. 1, p. 1-7 How to Cite?
AbstractObjectives: Female sex workers (FSW) have been considered reservoirs and vectors of sexually transmitted infections (STI) in the community. This study estimated the prevalence of STI/human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among FSW of various migration and residential status in Hong Kong and identified possible risk factors. Methods. An outreach "Well-women" clinic was set up at Ziteng, a non-governmental organization working with FSW. Details of their lifestyle and health risk behavior were gathered before screening tests were performed, and the data were analyzed according to their place of origin. Results. A total of 503 FSW were screened for STI/HIV between 2005 and 2007. Syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, and HIV accounted for 1.8, 1.8, 4.6, and 0.2%, respectively. After adjusting for confounders, having ≥2 sexual partners (odds ratio [OR] 8.33, 95%CI: 2.17-33.46), residence status (OR 0.38, 95%CI: 0.17-0.89), and daily frequency of douching (OR 3.02, 95%CI: 1.23-7.35) were identified as significant predictors. Conclusions. This study provides important insights on the screening and associated risk factors of STI among FSW working in Hong Kong. The contextual factors identified reflect the social and geographical context in which these women are operating and how they protect their health using their own means. These findings encourage policymakers and health professionals to redirect their focus and resources to a more holistic approach to sexual health when planning and implementing effective STI/HIV prevention programs. © 2010 International Society of Travel Medicine.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/135188
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 1.868
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.946
ISI Accession Number ID
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Health, Welfare and Food Bureau, Hong Kong SAR Government
Funding Information:

We thank the Research Fund for the Control of Infectious Disease of the Health, Welfare and Food Bureau, Hong Kong SAR Government for funding this project. We are indebted to Liu Yan for running the outreach clinic and for her input on data entry and analyses. Finally, we extend our sincerest gratitude to all the sex workers involved in this project and hope this piece of work will generate a small step towards understanding some of the problems they have to go through.

References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorWong, WCWen_HK
dc.contributor.authorYim, YLen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLynn, Hen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2011-07-27T01:29:39Z-
dc.date.available2011-07-27T01:29:39Z-
dc.date.issued2011en_HK
dc.identifier.citationJournal Of Travel Medicine, 2011, v. 18 n. 1, p. 1-7en_HK
dc.identifier.issn1195-1982en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/135188-
dc.description.abstractObjectives: Female sex workers (FSW) have been considered reservoirs and vectors of sexually transmitted infections (STI) in the community. This study estimated the prevalence of STI/human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among FSW of various migration and residential status in Hong Kong and identified possible risk factors. Methods. An outreach "Well-women" clinic was set up at Ziteng, a non-governmental organization working with FSW. Details of their lifestyle and health risk behavior were gathered before screening tests were performed, and the data were analyzed according to their place of origin. Results. A total of 503 FSW were screened for STI/HIV between 2005 and 2007. Syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, and HIV accounted for 1.8, 1.8, 4.6, and 0.2%, respectively. After adjusting for confounders, having ≥2 sexual partners (odds ratio [OR] 8.33, 95%CI: 2.17-33.46), residence status (OR 0.38, 95%CI: 0.17-0.89), and daily frequency of douching (OR 3.02, 95%CI: 1.23-7.35) were identified as significant predictors. Conclusions. This study provides important insights on the screening and associated risk factors of STI among FSW working in Hong Kong. The contextual factors identified reflect the social and geographical context in which these women are operating and how they protect their health using their own means. These findings encourage policymakers and health professionals to redirect their focus and resources to a more holistic approach to sexual health when planning and implementing effective STI/HIV prevention programs. © 2010 International Society of Travel Medicine.en_HK
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.wiley.com/bw/journal.asp?ref=1195-1982en_HK
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Travel Medicineen_HK
dc.rightsThe definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com-
dc.subject.meshEmigration and Immigration - statistics and numerical data-
dc.subject.meshHealth Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice-
dc.subject.meshProstitution - statistics and numerical data-
dc.subject.meshSexually Transmitted Diseases - epidemiology - prevention and control-
dc.subject.meshWomen, Working - statistics and numerical data-
dc.titleSexually transmitted infections among female sex workers in Hong Kong: The role of migration statusen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.emailWong, WCW:wongwcw@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityWong, WCW=rp01457en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_OA_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/j.1708-8305.2010.00453.xen_HK
dc.identifier.pmid21199136-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-78650964508en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros186466en_US
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-78650964508&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume18en_HK
dc.identifier.issue1en_HK
dc.identifier.spage1en_HK
dc.identifier.epage7en_HK
dc.identifier.eissn1708-8305-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000285891800001-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWong, WCW=25230779000en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridYim, YL=37038841300en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLynn, H=14321923700en_HK

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