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Article: Ascaris lumbricoides among children in rural communities in the Northern Area, Pakistan: Prevalence, intensity, and associated socio-cultural and behavioral risk factors

TitleAscaris lumbricoides among children in rural communities in the Northern Area, Pakistan: Prevalence, intensity, and associated socio-cultural and behavioral risk factors
Authors
KeywordsRegional Index: Pakistan
Issue Date2002
PublisherElsevier BV. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/actatropica
Citation
Acta Tropica, 2002, v. 83 n. 3, p. 223-231 How to Cite?
AbstractThe prevalence and intensity of Ascaris lumbricoides in 492 children from five rural villages in the Northern Area of Pakistan was examined. The overall prevalence of A. lumbricoides was 91% (95%CI 88.6-93.6) with geometric mean (GM) egg count intensities of 3985 eggs per g (epg). The most intense A. lumbricoides infections were found in children aged 5-8 years. We also investigated selected socio-cultural and behavioral variables for A. lumbricoides infections that might be relevant for the design of appropriate prevention and control programs. Univariate analysis associated A. lumbricoides intensity with age (P=0.004), location of household (P<0.01), defecation practices (P=0.02), soil eating habit (P<0.01), hand washing after defecation (P<0.01), and living with children under 5 years old (P=0.02). Multivariate analysis identified the children's age 5-8 (P<0.01), location of household in Surngo, Askole, and Stakchun where the pilot health care model activities were not done (P<0.01), and living with children under 5 years old (P=0.03) as variables statistically associated with the intensity of A. lumbricoides. The results indicated that there were certain clear risk factors in A. lumbricoides transmission, and that its intensity was influenced by age-related behavioral and environmental factors that contribute to exposure. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/134176
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.38
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.059
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorNishiura, Hen_HK
dc.contributor.authorImai, Hen_HK
dc.contributor.authorNakao, Hen_HK
dc.contributor.authorTsukino, Hen_HK
dc.contributor.authorChangazi, MAen_HK
dc.contributor.authorHussain, GAen_HK
dc.contributor.authorKuroda, Yen_HK
dc.contributor.authorKatoh, Ten_HK
dc.date.accessioned2011-06-13T07:20:40Z-
dc.date.available2011-06-13T07:20:40Z-
dc.date.issued2002en_HK
dc.identifier.citationActa Tropica, 2002, v. 83 n. 3, p. 223-231en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0001-706Xen_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/134176-
dc.description.abstractThe prevalence and intensity of Ascaris lumbricoides in 492 children from five rural villages in the Northern Area of Pakistan was examined. The overall prevalence of A. lumbricoides was 91% (95%CI 88.6-93.6) with geometric mean (GM) egg count intensities of 3985 eggs per g (epg). The most intense A. lumbricoides infections were found in children aged 5-8 years. We also investigated selected socio-cultural and behavioral variables for A. lumbricoides infections that might be relevant for the design of appropriate prevention and control programs. Univariate analysis associated A. lumbricoides intensity with age (P=0.004), location of household (P<0.01), defecation practices (P=0.02), soil eating habit (P<0.01), hand washing after defecation (P<0.01), and living with children under 5 years old (P=0.02). Multivariate analysis identified the children's age 5-8 (P<0.01), location of household in Surngo, Askole, and Stakchun where the pilot health care model activities were not done (P<0.01), and living with children under 5 years old (P=0.03) as variables statistically associated with the intensity of A. lumbricoides. The results indicated that there were certain clear risk factors in A. lumbricoides transmission, and that its intensity was influenced by age-related behavioral and environmental factors that contribute to exposure. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.en_HK
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherElsevier BV. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/actatropicaen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofActa Tropicaen_HK
dc.subjectRegional Index: Pakistanen_US
dc.subject.meshAnimalsen_HK
dc.subject.meshAscariasis - classification - epidemiology - prevention & controlen_HK
dc.subject.meshAscaris lumbricoides - isolation & purificationen_HK
dc.subject.meshChilden_HK
dc.subject.meshChild, Preschoolen_HK
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_HK
dc.subject.meshHealth Educationen_HK
dc.subject.meshHumansen_HK
dc.subject.meshMaleen_HK
dc.subject.meshPakistan - epidemiologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshParasite Egg Counten_HK
dc.subject.meshPrevalenceen_HK
dc.subject.meshRisk Factorsen_HK
dc.subject.meshRural Healthen_HK
dc.subject.meshSanitationen_HK
dc.subject.meshSeverity of Illness Indexen_HK
dc.titleAscaris lumbricoides among children in rural communities in the Northern Area, Pakistan: Prevalence, intensity, and associated socio-cultural and behavioral risk factorsen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.emailNishiura, H:nishiura@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityNishiura, H=rp01488en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/S0001-706X(02)00116-Xen_HK
dc.identifier.pmid12204395-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0036709973en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-0036709973&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume83en_HK
dc.identifier.issue3en_HK
dc.identifier.spage223en_HK
dc.identifier.epage231en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000179455000004-
dc.publisher.placeNetherlandsen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridNishiura, H=7005501836en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridImai, H=35302339300en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridNakao, H=7202405427en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridTsukino, H=6701833906en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChangazi, MA=6504229510en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHussain, GA=7005943990en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridKuroda, Y=7403012134en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridKatoh, T=7401529753en_HK

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