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Article: Attention and time constraints in perceptual-motor learning and performance: Instruction, analogy, and skill level

TitleAttention and time constraints in perceptual-motor learning and performance: Instruction, analogy, and skill level
Authors
KeywordsAttention
Conscious processing
Expertise
Implicit motor learning
Movement execution
Issue Date2011
PublisherAcademic Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/concog
Citation
Consciousness And Cognition, 2011, v. 20 n. 2, p. 245-256 How to Cite?
AbstractWe sought to gain more insight into the effects of attention focus and time constraints on skill learning and performance in novices and experts by means of two complementary experiments using a table tennis paradigm. Experiment 1 showed that skill-focus conditions and slowed ball frequency disrupted the accuracy of experts, but dual-task conditions and speeded ball frequency did not. For novices, only speeded ball frequency disrupted accuracy. In Experiment 2, we extended these findings by instructing novices either explicitly or by analogy (implicit motor learning technique). Explicitly instructed novices were less accurate in skill-focused and dual-task conditions than in single-task conditions. Following analogy instruction novices were less accurate in the skill-focused condition, but maintained accuracy under dual-task conditions. Participants in both conditions retained accuracy when ball frequency was slowed, but lost accuracy when ball frequency was speeded, suggesting that not attention, but motor dexterity, was inadequate under high temporal constraints. © 2010 Elsevier Inc.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/133683
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.182
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.363
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorKoedijker, JMen_HK
dc.contributor.authorPoolton, JMen_HK
dc.contributor.authorMaxwell, JPen_HK
dc.contributor.authorOudejans, RRDen_HK
dc.contributor.authorBeek, PJen_HK
dc.contributor.authorMasters, RSWen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2011-05-24T02:14:45Z-
dc.date.available2011-05-24T02:14:45Z-
dc.date.issued2011en_HK
dc.identifier.citationConsciousness And Cognition, 2011, v. 20 n. 2, p. 245-256en_HK
dc.identifier.issn1053-8100en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/133683-
dc.description.abstractWe sought to gain more insight into the effects of attention focus and time constraints on skill learning and performance in novices and experts by means of two complementary experiments using a table tennis paradigm. Experiment 1 showed that skill-focus conditions and slowed ball frequency disrupted the accuracy of experts, but dual-task conditions and speeded ball frequency did not. For novices, only speeded ball frequency disrupted accuracy. In Experiment 2, we extended these findings by instructing novices either explicitly or by analogy (implicit motor learning technique). Explicitly instructed novices were less accurate in skill-focused and dual-task conditions than in single-task conditions. Following analogy instruction novices were less accurate in the skill-focused condition, but maintained accuracy under dual-task conditions. Participants in both conditions retained accuracy when ball frequency was slowed, but lost accuracy when ball frequency was speeded, suggesting that not attention, but motor dexterity, was inadequate under high temporal constraints. © 2010 Elsevier Inc.en_HK
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherAcademic Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/concogen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofConsciousness and Cognitionen_HK
dc.rightsNOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Consciousness and Cognition. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in PUBLICATION, VOL 20, ISSUE 2, (2011) DOI 10.1016/j.concog.2010.08.002en_US
dc.subjectAttentionen_HK
dc.subjectConscious processingen_HK
dc.subjectExpertiseen_HK
dc.subjectImplicit motor learningen_HK
dc.subjectMovement executionen_HK
dc.titleAttention and time constraints in perceptual-motor learning and performance: Instruction, analogy, and skill levelen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=1053-8100&volume=20&issue=2&spage=245&epage=256&date=2011&atitle=Attention+and+time+constraints+in+perceptual-motor+learning+and+performance:+instruction,+analogy,+and+skill+level-
dc.identifier.emailPoolton, JM: jamiep@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailMasters, RSW: mastersr@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityPoolton, JM=rp00949en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityMasters, RSW=rp00935en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.concog.2010.08.002en_HK
dc.identifier.pmid20850990-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-79955467152en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros185322en_US
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-79955467152&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume20en_HK
dc.identifier.issue2en_HK
dc.identifier.spage245en_HK
dc.identifier.epage256en_HK
dc.identifier.eissn1090-2376-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000290549600008-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridKoedijker, JM=16646086900en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridPoolton, JM=8921750800en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMaxwell, JP=7201610565en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridOudejans, RRD=7004483547en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridBeek, PJ=7006455117en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMasters, RSW=7102880488en_HK
dc.identifier.citeulike7883011-

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