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Conference Paper: Effects of endodontic disease and treatment on quality of life

TitleEffects of endodontic disease and treatment on quality of life
Authors
Issue Date2010
PublisherSage Publications, Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://jdr.sagepub.com/
Citation
The 88th International Association for Dental Research (IADR) General Session & Exhibition, Barcelona, Spain, 14-17 July 2010. In Journal of Dental Research, 2010, v. 89 n. Spec Iss B, p. Abstract no. 2446 How to Cite?
AbstractOBJECTIVES: The relationship between endodontic disease and quality of life (QoL) is scant despite the high prevalence of the disease. This study aimed to determine whether endodontic disease and its treatment influence oral health-related QoL (OHQoL). METHODS: An observational, case-control longitudinal study involving 530 participants (430 patients with endodontic disease and 100 patients without endodontic disease as a control group) at a university teaching hospital. All participants self-completed the short form Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) to assess their OHQoL and those with endodontic disease completed OHIP-14 again 1-month post endodontic treatment. Variations in OHIP-14 scores between those with and without endodontic disease, and change of OHIP-14 scores 1-month post-endodontic treatment were investigated and the magnitude of the statistical differences determined by Effect Size (ES) calculations. RESULTS: There was a significant difference in summary OHIP-14 scores between patients with and without endodontic disease (P<0.001), and across five of the seven OHIP-14 domains (P<0.01). The magnitude of the statistical difference was large (ES=0.91). There was no significant difference in OHIP-14 scores among those in need of primary versus secondary (re-treatment) endodontic care (P>0.05). Among those who underwent endodontic treatment, 76% (n=326) completed 1-month OHIP-14 assessments. There was a significant change in summary OHIP-14 scores post-endodontic treatment compared to pre-treatment (P<0.001), and across five of the seven OHIP-14 domains (P<0.01). The magnitude of the statistical change following endodontic treatment was moderate (ES =0.78). The change of OHIP-14 scores among those who received endodontic retreatment was larger than the change among patients who received primary endodontic care (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with endodontic disease have poorer OHQoL compared to a control group of patients without endodontic diseases. Endodontic treatment improves OHQoL. These findings have implication in understanding the effect of endodontic disease and its treatment from patients' perspectives.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/133011
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 4.602
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.714

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLiu, P-
dc.contributor.authorMcGrath, CPJ-
dc.contributor.authorCheung, GSP-
dc.date.accessioned2011-04-15T06:49:29Z-
dc.date.available2011-04-15T06:49:29Z-
dc.date.issued2010-
dc.identifier.citationThe 88th International Association for Dental Research (IADR) General Session & Exhibition, Barcelona, Spain, 14-17 July 2010. In Journal of Dental Research, 2010, v. 89 n. Spec Iss B, p. Abstract no. 2446-
dc.identifier.issn0022-0345-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/133011-
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVES: The relationship between endodontic disease and quality of life (QoL) is scant despite the high prevalence of the disease. This study aimed to determine whether endodontic disease and its treatment influence oral health-related QoL (OHQoL). METHODS: An observational, case-control longitudinal study involving 530 participants (430 patients with endodontic disease and 100 patients without endodontic disease as a control group) at a university teaching hospital. All participants self-completed the short form Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) to assess their OHQoL and those with endodontic disease completed OHIP-14 again 1-month post endodontic treatment. Variations in OHIP-14 scores between those with and without endodontic disease, and change of OHIP-14 scores 1-month post-endodontic treatment were investigated and the magnitude of the statistical differences determined by Effect Size (ES) calculations. RESULTS: There was a significant difference in summary OHIP-14 scores between patients with and without endodontic disease (P<0.001), and across five of the seven OHIP-14 domains (P<0.01). The magnitude of the statistical difference was large (ES=0.91). There was no significant difference in OHIP-14 scores among those in need of primary versus secondary (re-treatment) endodontic care (P>0.05). Among those who underwent endodontic treatment, 76% (n=326) completed 1-month OHIP-14 assessments. There was a significant change in summary OHIP-14 scores post-endodontic treatment compared to pre-treatment (P<0.001), and across five of the seven OHIP-14 domains (P<0.01). The magnitude of the statistical change following endodontic treatment was moderate (ES =0.78). The change of OHIP-14 scores among those who received endodontic retreatment was larger than the change among patients who received primary endodontic care (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with endodontic disease have poorer OHQoL compared to a control group of patients without endodontic diseases. Endodontic treatment improves OHQoL. These findings have implication in understanding the effect of endodontic disease and its treatment from patients' perspectives.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherSage Publications, Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://jdr.sagepub.com/-
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Dental Research-
dc.rightsJournal of Dental Research. Copyright © Sage Publications, Inc.-
dc.titleEffects of endodontic disease and treatment on quality of life-
dc.typeConference_Paper-
dc.identifier.emailLiu, P: liupei@hkusua.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailMcGrath, CPJ: mcgrathc@HKUCC.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailCheung, GSP: spcheung@hkusua.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityMcGrath, CPJ=rp00037-
dc.identifier.authorityCheung, GSP=rp00016-
dc.identifier.hkuros178873-
dc.identifier.hkuros182734-
dc.identifier.volume89-
dc.identifier.issueSpec Iss B-
dc.identifier.spageAbstract no. 2446-
dc.identifier.epageAbstract no. 2446-
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-
dc.description.otherThe 88th General Session & Exhibition of the International Association of Dental Research (IADR), Barcelona, Spain, 14-17 July 2010.-

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