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Article: A literature review to identify interventions to improve the use of medicines in children

TitleA literature review to identify interventions to improve the use of medicines in children
Authors
KeywordsLiterature review
Medication
National Service Framework
Paediatric
Pharmacy
Issue Date2004
PublisherBlackwell Publishing Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journals/CCH
Citation
Child: Care, Health And Development, 2004, v. 30 n. 6, p. 647-665 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground. It is estimated that 200 million prescriptions for children and adolescents were issued in the UK during 2002. Therefore, it is important for the National Service Framework for Children (NSFC) to include advice on managing medicines effectively for children. This literature review was performed at the request of the NSFC Medicines External Working Group in order to provide underpinning evidence in the development of advice on managing medicines. Methods. Detabases, websites and conference abstracts were searched systematically to identify information on managing medicines in children in 2003. This article reported the results on medication review, concordance, enhanced medicines access through community pharmacy services and the use of medicines in schools. Results and conclusions. Although there is little evidence specific to paediatrics, the objectives and rationale of medication review could be expected to apply to chronic diseases in children. Issues such as polypharmacy, wastage, repeat prescriptions and medication problems could be similar. The benefits seen in adults may also occur in children, and medication review may possibly have a role in the management of medicines in children. There is an obvious role for pharmacists in ensuring the safety of over-the-counter medications and provision of information and education to parents, carers and adolescents. Evaluation and provision of necessary education and training to community pharmacists is needed, even in the most basic paediatric issues such as sugar-free medications. The evidence suggests that treatment compliance and adherence are generally lower in children than in adults, particularly in adolescents as they approach independence. Those with learning disabilities and infants are likely to be at risk of non-compliance, although little work has been done in these populations. Children and adolescents need appropriate parental and professional support in taking control of their medication and treatment. The management of medicines in school would appear to be far from ideal. Further research into school-based medicines education and outreach clinics would also be beneficial. © 2004 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/132892
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 1.754
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.741
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorCostello, Ien_HK
dc.contributor.authorWong, ICKen_HK
dc.contributor.authorNunn, AJen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2011-04-04T07:57:50Z-
dc.date.available2011-04-04T07:57:50Z-
dc.date.issued2004en_HK
dc.identifier.citationChild: Care, Health And Development, 2004, v. 30 n. 6, p. 647-665en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0305-1862en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/132892-
dc.description.abstractBackground. It is estimated that 200 million prescriptions for children and adolescents were issued in the UK during 2002. Therefore, it is important for the National Service Framework for Children (NSFC) to include advice on managing medicines effectively for children. This literature review was performed at the request of the NSFC Medicines External Working Group in order to provide underpinning evidence in the development of advice on managing medicines. Methods. Detabases, websites and conference abstracts were searched systematically to identify information on managing medicines in children in 2003. This article reported the results on medication review, concordance, enhanced medicines access through community pharmacy services and the use of medicines in schools. Results and conclusions. Although there is little evidence specific to paediatrics, the objectives and rationale of medication review could be expected to apply to chronic diseases in children. Issues such as polypharmacy, wastage, repeat prescriptions and medication problems could be similar. The benefits seen in adults may also occur in children, and medication review may possibly have a role in the management of medicines in children. There is an obvious role for pharmacists in ensuring the safety of over-the-counter medications and provision of information and education to parents, carers and adolescents. Evaluation and provision of necessary education and training to community pharmacists is needed, even in the most basic paediatric issues such as sugar-free medications. The evidence suggests that treatment compliance and adherence are generally lower in children than in adults, particularly in adolescents as they approach independence. Those with learning disabilities and infants are likely to be at risk of non-compliance, although little work has been done in these populations. Children and adolescents need appropriate parental and professional support in taking control of their medication and treatment. The management of medicines in school would appear to be far from ideal. Further research into school-based medicines education and outreach clinics would also be beneficial. © 2004 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.en_HK
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherBlackwell Publishing Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journals/CCHen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofChild: Care, Health and Developmenten_HK
dc.subjectLiterature reviewen_HK
dc.subjectMedicationen_HK
dc.subjectNational Service Frameworken_HK
dc.subjectPaediatricen_HK
dc.subjectPharmacyen_HK
dc.titleA literature review to identify interventions to improve the use of medicines in childrenen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.emailWong, ICK: wongick@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityWong, ICK=rp01480en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/j.1365-2214.2004.00478.xen_HK
dc.identifier.pmid15527475-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-9444228825en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-9444228825&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume30en_HK
dc.identifier.issue6en_HK
dc.identifier.spage647en_HK
dc.identifier.epage665en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000224921200010-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridCostello, I=21645020400en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWong, ICK=7102513915en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridNunn, AJ=7102771387en_HK
dc.identifier.citeulike59446-

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