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Article: Is a combined enforcement and penalty strategy effective in combating red light violations? An aggregate model of violation behavior in Hong Kong
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TitleIs a combined enforcement and penalty strategy effective in combating red light violations? An aggregate model of violation behavior in Hong Kong
 
AuthorsSze, NN1
Wong, SC1
Pei, X1
Choi, PW1
Lo, YK1
 
KeywordsNegative binomial regression
Penalty system
Red light camera
Red light violation
 
Issue Date2011
 
PublisherElsevier Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/336/description#description
 
CitationAccident Analysis And Prevention, 2011, v. 43 n. 1, p. 265-271 [How to Cite?]
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2010.08.020
 
AbstractRed light violations are a major cause of traffic crashes at signalized intersections. In Hong Kong, prosecutions for red light violations have increased in the past decade. An automated enforcement camera system has been established to combat this prohibited driver behavior. In addition, both demerit points and financial penalties were revised upwards in 2006 to strengthen the deterrent effect of the system. An observational study of driver tendency to run a red light was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of the combined penalty and camera strategy. Both the short- and long-term effects of the strategy on red light violations were estimated. The influences of factors including temporal variation, the presence of a red light camera, geometric design, and traffic control type were also determined with an aggregate count data model. The results show that the frequency of red light violations significantly decreased after the implementation of the new penalty system, and that the reduction remained significant one year after implementation. Interestingly, no evidence was found for an association between the frequency of red light violations and the presence of a red light camera. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
 
ISSN0001-4575
2013 Impact Factor: 2.571
 
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2010.08.020
 
ISI Accession Number IDWOS:000285272400033
 
ReferencesReferences in Scopus
 
DC FieldValue
dc.contributor.authorSze, NN
 
dc.contributor.authorWong, SC
 
dc.contributor.authorPei, X
 
dc.contributor.authorChoi, PW
 
dc.contributor.authorLo, YK
 
dc.date.accessioned2010-12-23T08:56:41Z
 
dc.date.available2010-12-23T08:56:41Z
 
dc.date.issued2011
 
dc.description.abstractRed light violations are a major cause of traffic crashes at signalized intersections. In Hong Kong, prosecutions for red light violations have increased in the past decade. An automated enforcement camera system has been established to combat this prohibited driver behavior. In addition, both demerit points and financial penalties were revised upwards in 2006 to strengthen the deterrent effect of the system. An observational study of driver tendency to run a red light was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of the combined penalty and camera strategy. Both the short- and long-term effects of the strategy on red light violations were estimated. The influences of factors including temporal variation, the presence of a red light camera, geometric design, and traffic control type were also determined with an aggregate count data model. The results show that the frequency of red light violations significantly decreased after the implementation of the new penalty system, and that the reduction remained significant one year after implementation. Interestingly, no evidence was found for an association between the frequency of red light violations and the presence of a red light camera. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
 
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext
 
dc.identifier.citationAccident Analysis And Prevention, 2011, v. 43 n. 1, p. 265-271 [How to Cite?]
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2010.08.020
 
dc.identifier.citeulike7889140
 
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2010.08.020
 
dc.identifier.epage271
 
dc.identifier.hkuros183478
 
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000285272400033
 
dc.identifier.issn0001-4575
2013 Impact Factor: 2.571
 
dc.identifier.issue1
 
dc.identifier.openurl
 
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-78649911438
 
dc.identifier.spage265
 
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/130563
 
dc.identifier.volume43
 
dc.languageeng
 
dc.publisherElsevier Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/336/description#description
 
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom
 
dc.relation.ispartofAccident Analysis and Prevention
 
dc.relation.referencesReferences in Scopus
 
dc.subjectNegative binomial regression
 
dc.subjectPenalty system
 
dc.subjectRed light camera
 
dc.subjectRed light violation
 
dc.titleIs a combined enforcement and penalty strategy effective in combating red light violations? An aggregate model of violation behavior in Hong Kong
 
dc.typeArticle
 
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Author Affiliations
  1. The University of Hong Kong