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Article: Surpass comparatives in Sinitic and beyond: Typology and grammaticalization

TitleSurpass comparatives in Sinitic and beyond: Typology and grammaticalization
Authors
Issue Date2010
PublisherMouton de Gruyter. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.degruyter.de/journals/linguistics
Citation
Linguistics, 2010, v. 48 n. 4, p. 919-950 How to Cite?
AbstractThe Surpass (or Exceed) comparative is a widespread feature of Sinitic languages found in almost all 'dialect' groups. This article investigates the nature of Surpass constructions in Southern Chinese varieties with a focus on Cantonese, and in unrelated languages of Southeast Asia, where Surpass comparatives are also found (Thai, Lao and Vietnamese). I offer possible grammaticalization paths for the Surpass comparative in the history of Chinese grammar, and argue that Surpass constructions are typical of Southern Sinitic but not of Mandarin Chinese (contra Stassen, Comparison and universal grammar, Basil Blackwell, 1985, Stassen, Comparative constructions, Oxford University Press, 2005). I also propose that the Surpass comparative should be added to the shared features of a broadly defined Mainland Southeast Asian region which illustrates the affinity of languages such as Cantonese to their non-Sinitic Southeast Asian neighbors. Finally, in arguing that comparatives in Mandarin Chinese are not Surpass construction, I suggest that it is not Sinitic languages in general that go against robust typological correlations between basic word order and standard-adjective order; rather, it is only Mandarin that provides a counterexample and is, in that respect, typologically rare. © 2010 Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin/New York.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/130103
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 0.763
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.496
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorAnsaldo, Uen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-12-23T08:47:04Z-
dc.date.available2010-12-23T08:47:04Z-
dc.date.issued2010en_HK
dc.identifier.citationLinguistics, 2010, v. 48 n. 4, p. 919-950en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0024-3949en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/130103-
dc.description.abstractThe Surpass (or Exceed) comparative is a widespread feature of Sinitic languages found in almost all 'dialect' groups. This article investigates the nature of Surpass constructions in Southern Chinese varieties with a focus on Cantonese, and in unrelated languages of Southeast Asia, where Surpass comparatives are also found (Thai, Lao and Vietnamese). I offer possible grammaticalization paths for the Surpass comparative in the history of Chinese grammar, and argue that Surpass constructions are typical of Southern Sinitic but not of Mandarin Chinese (contra Stassen, Comparison and universal grammar, Basil Blackwell, 1985, Stassen, Comparative constructions, Oxford University Press, 2005). I also propose that the Surpass comparative should be added to the shared features of a broadly defined Mainland Southeast Asian region which illustrates the affinity of languages such as Cantonese to their non-Sinitic Southeast Asian neighbors. Finally, in arguing that comparatives in Mandarin Chinese are not Surpass construction, I suggest that it is not Sinitic languages in general that go against robust typological correlations between basic word order and standard-adjective order; rather, it is only Mandarin that provides a counterexample and is, in that respect, typologically rare. © 2010 Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin/New York.en_HK
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherMouton de Gruyter. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.degruyter.de/journals/linguisticsen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofLinguisticsen_HK
dc.titleSurpass comparatives in Sinitic and beyond: Typology and grammaticalizationen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0024-3949&volume=48&issue=4&spage=919&epage=950&date=2010&atitle=Surpass+comparatives+in+Sinitic+and+beyond:+Typology+and+grammaticalization-
dc.identifier.emailAnsaldo, U: ansaldo@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityAnsaldo, U=rp01203en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1515/LING.2010.029en_HK
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-77954665865en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros177234en_US
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-77954665865&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume48en_HK
dc.identifier.issue4en_HK
dc.identifier.spage919en_HK
dc.identifier.epage950en_HK
dc.identifier.eissn1613-396X-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000281748600005-
dc.publisher.placeGermanyen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridAnsaldo, U=6508176124en_HK

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