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Article: Acute gastroenteritis in Hong Kong: A population-based telephone survey

TitleAcute gastroenteritis in Hong Kong: A population-based telephone survey
Authors
KeywordsEstimating
Gastroenteritis
Gastrointestinal infections
Hygiene - food
Infectious disease epidemiology
Prevalence of disease
Issue Date2010
PublisherCambridge University Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=HYG
Citation
Epidemiology And Infection, 2010, v. 138 n. 7, p. 982-991 How to Cite?
AbstractA population-based telephone survey of acute gastroenteritis (AG) was conducted in Hong Kong from August 2006 to July 2007. Study subjects were recruited through random digit-dialling with recruitments evenly distributed weekly over the 1-year period. In total, 3743 completed questionnaires were obtained. An AG episode is defined as diarrhoea 3 times or any vomiting in a 24-h period during the 4 weeks prior to interview, in the absence of known non-infectious causes. The prevalence of AG reporting was 7%. An overall rate of 091 (95% CI 081-101) episodes per person-year was observed with women having a slightly higher rate (094, 95% CI 079-108) than men (088, 95% CI 073-104). The mean duration of illness was 36 days (s.d.=552). Thirty-nine percent consulted a physician, 19% submitted a stool sample for testing, and 26% were admitted to hospital. Of the subjects aged 15 ≥ years, significantly more of those with AG reported eating raw oysters (OR 24, 95% CI 13-44), buffet meals (OR 18, 95% CI 13-25), and partially cooked beef (OR 18, 95% CI 12-27) in the previous 4 weeks compared to the subjects who did not report AG. AG subjects were also more likely to have had hot pot, salad, partially cooked or raw egg or fish, sushi, sashimi, and snacks bought at roadside in the previous 4 weeks. This first population-based study on the disease burden of AG in Asia showed that the prevalence of AG in Hong Kong is comparable to that experienced in the West. The study also revealed some risky eating practices that are more prevalent in those affected with AG. Copyright © 2009 Cambridge University Press.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/130077
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.515
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.320
ISI Accession Number ID
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Food and Health Bureau
Funding Information:

This study was supported by Food and Health Bureau through the Research Fund for the Control of Infectious Diseases.

References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorHo, SCen_HK
dc.contributor.authorChau, PHen_HK
dc.contributor.authorFung, PKen_HK
dc.contributor.authorSham, Aen_HK
dc.contributor.authorNelson, EAen_HK
dc.contributor.authorSung, Jen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-12-23T08:46:36Z-
dc.date.available2010-12-23T08:46:36Z-
dc.date.issued2010en_HK
dc.identifier.citationEpidemiology And Infection, 2010, v. 138 n. 7, p. 982-991en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0950-2688en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/130077-
dc.description.abstractA population-based telephone survey of acute gastroenteritis (AG) was conducted in Hong Kong from August 2006 to July 2007. Study subjects were recruited through random digit-dialling with recruitments evenly distributed weekly over the 1-year period. In total, 3743 completed questionnaires were obtained. An AG episode is defined as diarrhoea 3 times or any vomiting in a 24-h period during the 4 weeks prior to interview, in the absence of known non-infectious causes. The prevalence of AG reporting was 7%. An overall rate of 091 (95% CI 081-101) episodes per person-year was observed with women having a slightly higher rate (094, 95% CI 079-108) than men (088, 95% CI 073-104). The mean duration of illness was 36 days (s.d.=552). Thirty-nine percent consulted a physician, 19% submitted a stool sample for testing, and 26% were admitted to hospital. Of the subjects aged 15 ≥ years, significantly more of those with AG reported eating raw oysters (OR 24, 95% CI 13-44), buffet meals (OR 18, 95% CI 13-25), and partially cooked beef (OR 18, 95% CI 12-27) in the previous 4 weeks compared to the subjects who did not report AG. AG subjects were also more likely to have had hot pot, salad, partially cooked or raw egg or fish, sushi, sashimi, and snacks bought at roadside in the previous 4 weeks. This first population-based study on the disease burden of AG in Asia showed that the prevalence of AG in Hong Kong is comparable to that experienced in the West. The study also revealed some risky eating practices that are more prevalent in those affected with AG. Copyright © 2009 Cambridge University Press.en_HK
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherCambridge University Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=HYGen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofEpidemiology and Infectionen_HK
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.rightsEpidemiology and Infection . Copyright © Cambridge University Press.-
dc.subjectEstimatingen_HK
dc.subjectGastroenteritisen_HK
dc.subjectGastrointestinal infectionsen_HK
dc.subjectHygiene - fooden_HK
dc.subjectInfectious disease epidemiologyen_HK
dc.subjectPrevalence of diseaseen_HK
dc.subject.meshAcute Disease-
dc.subject.meshAdolescent-
dc.subject.meshAdult-
dc.subject.meshGastroenteritis - epidemiology-
dc.subject.meshPopulation Surveillance-
dc.titleAcute gastroenteritis in Hong Kong: A population-based telephone surveyen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0950-2688&volume=138&issue=7&spage=982&epage=991&date=2009&atitle=Acute+gastroenteritis+in+Hong+Kong:+a+population-based+telephone+survey-
dc.identifier.emailChau, PH: phpchau@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityChau, PH=rp00574en_HK
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.1017/S0950268809991087en_HK
dc.identifier.pmid19925690-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-77953610592en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros177121en_US
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-77953610592&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume138en_HK
dc.identifier.issue7en_HK
dc.identifier.spage982en_HK
dc.identifier.epage991en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000279078500010-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHo, SC=7403716908en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChau, PH=7102266397en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridFung, PK=36336834400en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSham, A=7004122137en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridNelson, EA=35071611500en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSung, J=35405352400en_HK

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