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Conference Paper: p70 S6 kinase regulates the actin cytoskeleton in ovarian cancer cell motility by binding and cross-linking actin filaments

Titlep70 S6 kinase regulates the actin cytoskeleton in ovarian cancer cell motility by binding and cross-linking actin filaments
Authors
Issue Date2010
PublisherAmerican Association for Cancer Research. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.aacrmeetingabstracts.org/
Citation
The 101st Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR 2010), Washington D.C., 17-21 April 2010. In AACR Meeting Abstracts, 2010, abstract no. 5116 How to Cite?
Abstractp70 S6 kinase (p70S6K) is a downstream effector of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and is frequently activated in human ovarian cancer. Here we show for the first time that p70S6K functions in actin cytoskeleton reorganization responsible for the acquisition of invasiveness during tumor progression. Ectopic expression of active p70S6K in ovarian cancer cells induced dramatic reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton and promoted cell migration. Inhibition of p70S6K by siRNA or small molecule inhibitor resulted in diminished cell migration and actin cytoskeleton reorganization, confirming that these effects were p70S6K specific. By using cosedimentation and differential sedimentation assays, p70S6K was found to bind actin filaments, and was more effective in the presence than in the absence of phosphorylation. Importantly, purified p70S6K could be cosedimented with purified filamentous actin, indicating a direct association between p70S6K and actin. The response to p70S6K could be blocked with cytochalasin D, indicating that the binding of p70S6K to the cytoskeleton is mediated by actin. In addition, our results suggest that this is a functional interaction, because p70S6K was capable of generating specialized, actin-based cell morphologies via direct cross-linking activity. This bundling activity was confirmed by light scattering and electron microscopy. These results, in conjunction with our prior evidence that p70S6K regulates Rac and Cdc42 GTPases, suggest that p70S6K serves as an important regulator of the actin cytoskeleton, highlighting a role for p70S6K in the regulation of tumor progression and metastasis in ovarian cancer.
DescriptionPoster Session 11 - Adhesion and Cytoskeletal Signaling in Invasion: abstract no. 5116
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/127826
ISSN

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorIp, CKMen_HK
dc.contributor.authorWong, ASTen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-10-31T13:48:44Z-
dc.date.available2010-10-31T13:48:44Z-
dc.date.issued2010en_HK
dc.identifier.citationThe 101st Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR 2010), Washington D.C., 17-21 April 2010. In AACR Meeting Abstracts, 2010, abstract no. 5116en_HK
dc.identifier.issn1948-3279-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/127826-
dc.descriptionPoster Session 11 - Adhesion and Cytoskeletal Signaling in Invasion: abstract no. 5116-
dc.description.abstractp70 S6 kinase (p70S6K) is a downstream effector of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and is frequently activated in human ovarian cancer. Here we show for the first time that p70S6K functions in actin cytoskeleton reorganization responsible for the acquisition of invasiveness during tumor progression. Ectopic expression of active p70S6K in ovarian cancer cells induced dramatic reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton and promoted cell migration. Inhibition of p70S6K by siRNA or small molecule inhibitor resulted in diminished cell migration and actin cytoskeleton reorganization, confirming that these effects were p70S6K specific. By using cosedimentation and differential sedimentation assays, p70S6K was found to bind actin filaments, and was more effective in the presence than in the absence of phosphorylation. Importantly, purified p70S6K could be cosedimented with purified filamentous actin, indicating a direct association between p70S6K and actin. The response to p70S6K could be blocked with cytochalasin D, indicating that the binding of p70S6K to the cytoskeleton is mediated by actin. In addition, our results suggest that this is a functional interaction, because p70S6K was capable of generating specialized, actin-based cell morphologies via direct cross-linking activity. This bundling activity was confirmed by light scattering and electron microscopy. These results, in conjunction with our prior evidence that p70S6K regulates Rac and Cdc42 GTPases, suggest that p70S6K serves as an important regulator of the actin cytoskeleton, highlighting a role for p70S6K in the regulation of tumor progression and metastasis in ovarian cancer.-
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherAmerican Association for Cancer Research. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.aacrmeetingabstracts.org/-
dc.relation.ispartofAACR Meeting Abstracts-
dc.titlep70 S6 kinase regulates the actin cytoskeleton in ovarian cancer cell motility by binding and cross-linking actin filamentsen_HK
dc.typeConference_Paperen_HK
dc.identifier.emailWong, AST: awong1@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_OA_fulltext-
dc.identifier.hkuros174124en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros218043-
dc.identifier.volume2010-
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-
dc.description.otherThe 101st Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR 2010), Washington D.C., 17-21 April 2010. In AACR Meeting Abstracts, 2010-

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