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Article: Rail-based transit-oriented development: Lessons from New York City and Hong Kong

TitleRail-based transit-oriented development: Lessons from New York City and Hong Kong
Authors
KeywordsHong Kong
Land use
New York City
Rail transit ridership
Station patronage
Transit-oriented development
Issue Date2010
PublisherElsevier BV. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/landurbplan
Citation
Landscape And Urban Planning, 2010, v. 97 n. 3, p. 202-212 How to Cite?
AbstractThe idea of using transit-oriented development (TOD) in reducing automobile dependency and improving the sustainability of transportation activities has gained wider support in recent years. Research findings have shown that residents living in TOD neighborhood used transit more frequently than people having similar socio-economic characteristics but living elsewhere. Most of the existing studies on TOD and transit ridership used recently developed sites or suburban neighborhoods as case studies. However, limited research studies have been conducted on TOD using city-wide station-level data. By using the heavy rail systems in New York City and Hong Kong as case studies, factors which are expected to contribute to higher rail transit ridership are analyzed by using multiple regressions. The results show that a combination of variables in different dimensions, including (i) land use, (ii) station characteristics, (iii) socio-economic and demographic characteristics and (iv) inter-modal competition were important in accounting for the variability of rail transit ridership. In particular, station characteristics appeared to be the most important dimension in affecting average weekday railway patronage. Future research on TOD may pay more attention on examining how various aspects of station characteristics can be modified to increase railway patronage. Besides, car ownership is both significant and positively associated with railway patronage. The result suggests that higher car ownership may be associated with more pick-ups, drop-offs and park-and-ride activities to the transit stations for the longer transit trip legs. Furthermore, this study shows that place-specific factors are important in influencing railway patronage. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/127579
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 3.654
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.699
ISI Accession Number ID
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Council of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, ChinaHKU 748408H
Funding Information:

This project is supported by the Research Grant Council of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China (Project code: HKU 748408H). The first author would also like to express her sincere gratitude to MTRCL for providing the average weekday rail patronage data of 2005 at the station level for this comparative analysis. We like to thank Mr. James Barry (formerly New York City Transit, Mr. Lawrence Hirsch, and Mr. Qifeng Zeng of New York City for providing us the dataset used for this study.

References
Grants

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLoo, BPYen_HK
dc.contributor.authorChen, Cen_HK
dc.contributor.authorChan, ETHen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-10-31T13:33:41Z-
dc.date.available2010-10-31T13:33:41Z-
dc.date.issued2010en_HK
dc.identifier.citationLandscape And Urban Planning, 2010, v. 97 n. 3, p. 202-212en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0169-2046en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/127579-
dc.description.abstractThe idea of using transit-oriented development (TOD) in reducing automobile dependency and improving the sustainability of transportation activities has gained wider support in recent years. Research findings have shown that residents living in TOD neighborhood used transit more frequently than people having similar socio-economic characteristics but living elsewhere. Most of the existing studies on TOD and transit ridership used recently developed sites or suburban neighborhoods as case studies. However, limited research studies have been conducted on TOD using city-wide station-level data. By using the heavy rail systems in New York City and Hong Kong as case studies, factors which are expected to contribute to higher rail transit ridership are analyzed by using multiple regressions. The results show that a combination of variables in different dimensions, including (i) land use, (ii) station characteristics, (iii) socio-economic and demographic characteristics and (iv) inter-modal competition were important in accounting for the variability of rail transit ridership. In particular, station characteristics appeared to be the most important dimension in affecting average weekday railway patronage. Future research on TOD may pay more attention on examining how various aspects of station characteristics can be modified to increase railway patronage. Besides, car ownership is both significant and positively associated with railway patronage. The result suggests that higher car ownership may be associated with more pick-ups, drop-offs and park-and-ride activities to the transit stations for the longer transit trip legs. Furthermore, this study shows that place-specific factors are important in influencing railway patronage. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherElsevier BV. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/landurbplanen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofLandscape and Urban Planningen_HK
dc.subjectHong Kongen_HK
dc.subjectLand useen_HK
dc.subjectNew York Cityen_HK
dc.subjectRail transit ridershipen_HK
dc.subjectStation patronageen_HK
dc.subjectTransit-oriented developmenten_HK
dc.titleRail-based transit-oriented development: Lessons from New York City and Hong Kongen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0169-2046&volume=97&issue=3&spage=202&epage=212&date=2010&atitle=Rail-based+transit-oriented+development:+lessons+from+New+York+City+and+Hong+Kongen_HK
dc.identifier.emailLoo, BPY:bpyloo@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityLoo, BPY=rp00608en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.landurbplan.2010.06.002en_HK
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-77955273406en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros175273en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-77955273406&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume97en_HK
dc.identifier.issue3en_HK
dc.identifier.spage202en_HK
dc.identifier.epage212en_HK
dc.identifier.eissn1872-6062-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000281189100006-
dc.publisher.placeNetherlandsen_HK
dc.relation.projectRail-based Transit-oriented Development: Urban Structure and Geographical Characteristics-
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLoo, BPY=7005145560en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChen, C=36143812800en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChan, ETH=36143678800en_HK
dc.identifier.citeulike7491617-

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