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Conference Paper: Risk factors associated with refractory epilepsy in children

TitleRisk factors associated with refractory epilepsy in children
Authors
KeywordsMedical sciences
Issue Date2009
PublisherHong Kong Academy of Medicine Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.hkmj.org.hk
Citation
The 1st Hong Kong Neurological Congress cum 22nd Annual Scientific Meeting of the Hong Kong Neurological Society, Hong Kong, 6-8 November 2009. In Hong Kong Medical Journal, 2009, v. 15 n. 6, suppl. 7, p. 42, abstract P7 How to Cite?
AbstractBACKGROUND: There is a lack of consensus about the definition of intractable or refractory epilepsy in children. Medically intractable epilepsy occurred in 10 to 20% of epilepsy with childhood onset. Patients with medical intractability had immense resource implication and lifelong disability/disabilities. Early identification of risk factors for refractory epilepsy offers a chance of appropriate and timely treatment thus affecting prognosis. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed for our cohort of 505 children aged below 18 years with new-onset epilepsy, diagnosed between 1979 and 2006, and actively managed at the Comprehensive Epilepsy Clinic, Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine of the University of Hong Kong. We arbitrarily defined refractory epilepsy as those who had never been seizure-free for more than 12 months despite receiving anti-epileptic drug (AED) treatment. Responders were arbitrarily defined as those who had at least been seizure-free for consecutive 12 months. All patients had been on one or more AEDs and were followed up for at least 24 months after AED initiation. The demographic, clinical, diagnostic, investigative, management and seizure outcome at 2 years were analysed. RESULTS: At 2 years’ follow up, 42% (n=212) had refractory epilepsy. Risk factors significantly correlated with refractory epilepsy included history of status epilepticus (P<0.001), symptomatic aetiology (P<0.001), use of two or more AEDs (P=0.001), abnormal neurological co-morbidities including mental retardation (IQ<70) [P<0.001], learning disabilities (IQ=70-90) [P=0.009], cerebral palsy (P=0.011), abnormalities in EEG (P<0.001) and neuroimaging (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Early identification of risk factors to predict possible medical intractability is important in improving treatment strategies especially in the selection of traditional versus newer AEDs, mono- versus poly-pharmacy or even earlier alternative epilepsy management decision plans including evaluation for possible surgical therapies.
DescriptionPosters: P7
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/126844
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 0.887
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.279

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorWong, VCNen_HK
dc.contributor.authorYung, AWYen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-10-31T12:51:54Z-
dc.date.available2010-10-31T12:51:54Z-
dc.date.issued2009en_HK
dc.identifier.citationThe 1st Hong Kong Neurological Congress cum 22nd Annual Scientific Meeting of the Hong Kong Neurological Society, Hong Kong, 6-8 November 2009. In Hong Kong Medical Journal, 2009, v. 15 n. 6, suppl. 7, p. 42, abstract P7en_HK
dc.identifier.issn1024-2708-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/126844-
dc.descriptionPosters: P7-
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: There is a lack of consensus about the definition of intractable or refractory epilepsy in children. Medically intractable epilepsy occurred in 10 to 20% of epilepsy with childhood onset. Patients with medical intractability had immense resource implication and lifelong disability/disabilities. Early identification of risk factors for refractory epilepsy offers a chance of appropriate and timely treatment thus affecting prognosis. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed for our cohort of 505 children aged below 18 years with new-onset epilepsy, diagnosed between 1979 and 2006, and actively managed at the Comprehensive Epilepsy Clinic, Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine of the University of Hong Kong. We arbitrarily defined refractory epilepsy as those who had never been seizure-free for more than 12 months despite receiving anti-epileptic drug (AED) treatment. Responders were arbitrarily defined as those who had at least been seizure-free for consecutive 12 months. All patients had been on one or more AEDs and were followed up for at least 24 months after AED initiation. The demographic, clinical, diagnostic, investigative, management and seizure outcome at 2 years were analysed. RESULTS: At 2 years’ follow up, 42% (n=212) had refractory epilepsy. Risk factors significantly correlated with refractory epilepsy included history of status epilepticus (P<0.001), symptomatic aetiology (P<0.001), use of two or more AEDs (P=0.001), abnormal neurological co-morbidities including mental retardation (IQ<70) [P<0.001], learning disabilities (IQ=70-90) [P=0.009], cerebral palsy (P=0.011), abnormalities in EEG (P<0.001) and neuroimaging (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Early identification of risk factors to predict possible medical intractability is important in improving treatment strategies especially in the selection of traditional versus newer AEDs, mono- versus poly-pharmacy or even earlier alternative epilepsy management decision plans including evaluation for possible surgical therapies.-
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherHong Kong Academy of Medicine Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.hkmj.org.hk-
dc.relation.ispartofHong Kong Medical Journal-
dc.rightsHong Kong Medical Journal. Copyright © Hong Kong Academy of Medicine Press.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subjectMedical sciences-
dc.titleRisk factors associated with refractory epilepsy in childrenen_HK
dc.typeConference_Paperen_HK
dc.identifier.emailWong, VCN: vcnwong@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailYung, AWY: ayung@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.hkuros168166en_HK
dc.identifier.volume15-
dc.identifier.issue6, suppl. 7-
dc.identifier.spage42-
dc.identifier.epage42-
dc.publisher.placeHong Kong-
dc.description.otherThe 1st Hong Kong Neurological Congress cum 22nd Annual Scientific Meeting of the Hong Kong Neurological Society, Hong Kong, 6-8 November 2009. In Hong Kong Medical Journal, 2009, v. 15 n. 6, suppl. 7, p. 42, abstract P7-

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