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Article: Implicit and explicit learning: Applications from basic research to sports for individuals with impaired movement dynamics

TitleImplicit and explicit learning: Applications from basic research to sports for individuals with impaired movement dynamics
Authors
Keywordsdisability
explicit learning
impaired movement dynamics
Implicit learning
motor skills
sports
working memory
Issue Date2010
PublisherInforma Healthcare. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/09638288.asp
Citation
Disability And Rehabilitation, 2010, v. 32 n. 18, p. 1509-1516 How to Cite?
AbstractPurpose. Motor skills can be learned in an explicit or an implicit manner. Explicit learning places high demands on working memory capacity, but engagement of working memory is largely circumvented when skills are learned implicitly. We propose that individuals with impaired movement dynamics may benefit from implicit learning methods when acquiring sports-related motor skills. Method. We discuss converging evidence that individuals with cerebral palsy and children born prematurely have compromised working memory capacity. This may in part explain the difficulties they encounter when learning motor and other skills. We also review tentative evidence that older people, whose movement dynamics deteriorate, can implicitly learn sports-related motor skills and that this results in more durable performance gains than explicit learning. Results. Individuals with altered movement dynamics and compromised working memory can benefit from implicit motor learning. Conclusion. We conclude with an appeal for more extensive evaluation of the merits of implicit motor learning in individuals with impaired movement dynamics. © 2010 Informa UK Ltd.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/125675
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 1.919
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.935
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorSteenbergen, Ben_HK
dc.contributor.authorVan Der Kamp, Jen_HK
dc.contributor.authorVerneau, Men_HK
dc.contributor.authorJongbloedPereboom, Men_HK
dc.contributor.authorMasters, RSWen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-10-31T11:45:16Z-
dc.date.available2010-10-31T11:45:16Z-
dc.date.issued2010en_HK
dc.identifier.citationDisability And Rehabilitation, 2010, v. 32 n. 18, p. 1509-1516en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0963-8288en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/125675-
dc.description.abstractPurpose. Motor skills can be learned in an explicit or an implicit manner. Explicit learning places high demands on working memory capacity, but engagement of working memory is largely circumvented when skills are learned implicitly. We propose that individuals with impaired movement dynamics may benefit from implicit learning methods when acquiring sports-related motor skills. Method. We discuss converging evidence that individuals with cerebral palsy and children born prematurely have compromised working memory capacity. This may in part explain the difficulties they encounter when learning motor and other skills. We also review tentative evidence that older people, whose movement dynamics deteriorate, can implicitly learn sports-related motor skills and that this results in more durable performance gains than explicit learning. Results. Individuals with altered movement dynamics and compromised working memory can benefit from implicit motor learning. Conclusion. We conclude with an appeal for more extensive evaluation of the merits of implicit motor learning in individuals with impaired movement dynamics. © 2010 Informa UK Ltd.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherInforma Healthcare. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/09638288.aspen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofDisability and Rehabilitationen_HK
dc.rightsDisability and Rehabilitation. Copyright © Informa Healthcare.-
dc.subjectdisabilityen_HK
dc.subjectexplicit learningen_HK
dc.subjectimpaired movement dynamicsen_HK
dc.subjectImplicit learningen_HK
dc.subjectmotor skillsen_HK
dc.subjectsportsen_HK
dc.subjectworking memoryen_HK
dc.subject.meshAged - physiology-
dc.subject.meshCerebral Palsy - physiopathology-
dc.subject.meshLearning - physiology-
dc.subject.meshMotor Skills - physiology-
dc.subject.meshPsychomotor Performance - physiology-
dc.titleImplicit and explicit learning: Applications from basic research to sports for individuals with impaired movement dynamicsen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0963-8288&volume=32&issue=18&spage=1509&epage=1516&date=2010&atitle=Implicit+and+explicit+learning:+Applications+from+basic+research+to+sports+for+individuals+with+impairmentsen_HK
dc.identifier.emailMasters, RSW: mastersr@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityMasters, RSW=rp00935en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.3109/09638288.2010.497035en_HK
dc.identifier.pmid20575752-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-77954809052en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros175991en_HK
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-77954809052&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_HK
dc.identifier.volume32en_HK
dc.identifier.issue18en_HK
dc.identifier.spage1509en_HK
dc.identifier.epage1516en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000280755300005-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSteenbergen, B=6701413521en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridVan Der Kamp, J=7003734906en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridVerneau, M=36238526600en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridJongbloedPereboom, M=36179832600en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMasters, RSW=7102880488en_HK

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