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Article: Expertise and the spatio-temporal characteristics of anticipatory information pick-up from complex movement patterns
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TitleExpertise and the spatio-temporal characteristics of anticipatory information pick-up from complex movement patterns
 
AuthorsMüller, S1
Abernethy, B2 3
Eid, M4
McBean, R4
Rose, M4
 
Issue Date2010
 
PublisherPion Ltd.. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.perceptionweb.com
 
CitationPerception, 2010, v. 39 n. 6, p. 745-760 [How to Cite?]
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1068/p6438
 
AbstractGroups of high- (n = 14), intermediate- (n = 12), and low-skilled (n = 15) cricket batsmen participated in two experiments to examine expertise-related differences in anticipatory information pick-up that combined temporal and spatial occlusion methodologies. In experiment 1 participants were shown video displays of a bowler delivering one of three different types of delivery with the display manipulated so that only selected local features of the bowler's movement pattern (bowling hand, bowling hand and arm, trunk, lower body, or whole body) were visible and then only for specific time periods prior to ball release. Only the highly-skilled players were able to produce better-than-chance predictions of ball type and then only under a limited set of display conditions. Information from bowling hand and arm cues was particularly critical although continuous visibility of these cues was apparently not essential for information pick-up. In experiment 2 the order in which particular features were made visible throughout the bowler's movement pattern was varied in an attempt to find the sequence of cues that was most favourable for effective information pick-up. The necessity in this experiment to switch vision between different features eliminated the highly-skilled players' capability to anticipate. Expert anticipation is dependent on sensitivity to information arising from a select set of local cues, and forced attentional switches between different cues negate effective information pick-up and, with it, the expert advantage. © 2010 a Pion publication.
 
ISSN0301-0066
2013 Impact Factor: 1.114
 
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1068/p6438
 
ISI Accession Number IDWOS:000280218000002
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Cricket Australia
Queensland Academy of Sport
Funding Information:

The experiments reported in this paper were supported through research funding from Cricket Australia and the Queensland Academy of Sport. Video Vision of Information Technology Services at The University of Queensland supplied the professional video editing of temporal and spatial occlusion footage. Sincere thanks are expressed to the funding organisations, participants, video editing staff (particularly Derek Powell and Keith Cox), high performance state cricket coaches (particularly Trevor Bayliss, David Saker and Christ Harris) and John Reece (Discipline of Psychology, RMIT University) for their contributions to the research.

 
ReferencesReferences in Scopus
 
DC FieldValue
dc.contributor.authorMüller, S
 
dc.contributor.authorAbernethy, B
 
dc.contributor.authorEid, M
 
dc.contributor.authorMcBean, R
 
dc.contributor.authorRose, M
 
dc.date.accessioned2010-10-31T11:43:50Z
 
dc.date.available2010-10-31T11:43:50Z
 
dc.date.issued2010
 
dc.description.abstractGroups of high- (n = 14), intermediate- (n = 12), and low-skilled (n = 15) cricket batsmen participated in two experiments to examine expertise-related differences in anticipatory information pick-up that combined temporal and spatial occlusion methodologies. In experiment 1 participants were shown video displays of a bowler delivering one of three different types of delivery with the display manipulated so that only selected local features of the bowler's movement pattern (bowling hand, bowling hand and arm, trunk, lower body, or whole body) were visible and then only for specific time periods prior to ball release. Only the highly-skilled players were able to produce better-than-chance predictions of ball type and then only under a limited set of display conditions. Information from bowling hand and arm cues was particularly critical although continuous visibility of these cues was apparently not essential for information pick-up. In experiment 2 the order in which particular features were made visible throughout the bowler's movement pattern was varied in an attempt to find the sequence of cues that was most favourable for effective information pick-up. The necessity in this experiment to switch vision between different features eliminated the highly-skilled players' capability to anticipate. Expert anticipation is dependent on sensitivity to information arising from a select set of local cues, and forced attentional switches between different cues negate effective information pick-up and, with it, the expert advantage. © 2010 a Pion publication.
 
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext
 
dc.identifier.citationPerception, 2010, v. 39 n. 6, p. 745-760 [How to Cite?]
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1068/p6438
 
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1068/p6438
 
dc.identifier.epage760
 
dc.identifier.hkuros182609
 
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000280218000002
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Cricket Australia
Queensland Academy of Sport
Funding Information:

The experiments reported in this paper were supported through research funding from Cricket Australia and the Queensland Academy of Sport. Video Vision of Information Technology Services at The University of Queensland supplied the professional video editing of temporal and spatial occlusion footage. Sincere thanks are expressed to the funding organisations, participants, video editing staff (particularly Derek Powell and Keith Cox), high performance state cricket coaches (particularly Trevor Bayliss, David Saker and Christ Harris) and John Reece (Discipline of Psychology, RMIT University) for their contributions to the research.

 
dc.identifier.issn0301-0066
2013 Impact Factor: 1.114
 
dc.identifier.issue6
 
dc.identifier.pmid20698470
 
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-77954774662
 
dc.identifier.spage745
 
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/125650
 
dc.identifier.volume39
 
dc.languageeng
 
dc.publisherPion Ltd.. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.perceptionweb.com
 
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom
 
dc.relation.ispartofPerception
 
dc.relation.referencesReferences in Scopus
 
dc.titleExpertise and the spatio-temporal characteristics of anticipatory information pick-up from complex movement patterns
 
dc.typeArticle
 
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Author Affiliations
  1. Murdoch University
  2. University of Queensland
  3. The University of Hong Kong
  4. Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology University