File Download
  • No File Attached
 
Links for fulltext
(May Require Subscription)
 
Supplementary

Article: Thermal and energy analysis of a Chinese kang
  • Basic View
  • Metadata View
  • XML View
TitleThermal and energy analysis of a Chinese kang
 
AuthorsZhuang, Z3
Li, Y2
Yang, X5
Chen, B1
Liu, J4
 
KeywordsBuilding energy efficiency
Chinese kang
DeST
Elevated kang
Rural house thermal modeling
 
Issue Date2010
 
PublisherHigher Education Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.springerlink.com/content/1673-7393/
 
CitationFrontiers Of Energy And Power Engineering In China, 2010, v. 4 n. 1, p. 84-92 [How to Cite?]
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11708-010-0009-x
 
AbstractAbout 67 million Chinese kangs are still used by about 175 million people in China today. The kang utilizes biomass burning for space heating and hence reduces the use of commercial energy. However, the existing design of kangs is largely based on the accumulated experience of craftsmen, for lack of scientific studies and engineering design guidelines. Poor construction of kangs also leads to serious indoor air pollution. In this paper, a macroscopic smoke flow and heat transfer model of an elevated kang is integrated in a widely-used building energy analysis software in China-DeST, and the integrated software can be used for the thermal performance analysis of kang-integrated houses. A typical house with kangs in various villages of northern China is chosen as a case study. The annual performance of the kang under different insulations of building envelope and climatic conditions are discussed. Based on the simulation results, it is found that the thermal comfort requirement of the outside surface of the upper kang plate can be met by a proper construction of the kang and selection of the appropriate firing pattern. The better the insulation of the building envelope is or the better the room air tightness is, the greater the indoor air temperature rise and the greater the building heating load contribution of the kang. In the eight selected cities in northern China, the use of kang can meet 50%-80% of the house heating load. © Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010.
 
ISSN1673-7393
 
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11708-010-0009-x
 
ReferencesReferences in Scopus
 
DC FieldValue
dc.contributor.authorZhuang, Z
 
dc.contributor.authorLi, Y
 
dc.contributor.authorYang, X
 
dc.contributor.authorChen, B
 
dc.contributor.authorLiu, J
 
dc.date.accessioned2010-10-31T10:58:15Z
 
dc.date.available2010-10-31T10:58:15Z
 
dc.date.issued2010
 
dc.description.abstractAbout 67 million Chinese kangs are still used by about 175 million people in China today. The kang utilizes biomass burning for space heating and hence reduces the use of commercial energy. However, the existing design of kangs is largely based on the accumulated experience of craftsmen, for lack of scientific studies and engineering design guidelines. Poor construction of kangs also leads to serious indoor air pollution. In this paper, a macroscopic smoke flow and heat transfer model of an elevated kang is integrated in a widely-used building energy analysis software in China-DeST, and the integrated software can be used for the thermal performance analysis of kang-integrated houses. A typical house with kangs in various villages of northern China is chosen as a case study. The annual performance of the kang under different insulations of building envelope and climatic conditions are discussed. Based on the simulation results, it is found that the thermal comfort requirement of the outside surface of the upper kang plate can be met by a proper construction of the kang and selection of the appropriate firing pattern. The better the insulation of the building envelope is or the better the room air tightness is, the greater the indoor air temperature rise and the greater the building heating load contribution of the kang. In the eight selected cities in northern China, the use of kang can meet 50%-80% of the house heating load. © Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010.
 
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext
 
dc.identifier.citationFrontiers Of Energy And Power Engineering In China, 2010, v. 4 n. 1, p. 84-92 [How to Cite?]
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11708-010-0009-x
 
dc.identifier.citeulike6515275
 
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11708-010-0009-x
 
dc.identifier.epage92
 
dc.identifier.hkuros180430
 
dc.identifier.issn1673-7393
 
dc.identifier.issue1
 
dc.identifier.openurl
 
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-77249132168
 
dc.identifier.spage84
 
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/124861
 
dc.identifier.volume4
 
dc.languageeng
 
dc.publisherHigher Education Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.springerlink.com/content/1673-7393/
 
dc.publisher.placeChina
 
dc.relation.ispartofFrontiers of Energy and Power Engineering in China
 
dc.relation.referencesReferences in Scopus
 
dc.rightsThe original publication is available at www.springerlink.com
 
dc.subjectBuilding energy efficiency
 
dc.subjectChinese kang
 
dc.subjectDeST
 
dc.subjectElevated kang
 
dc.subjectRural house thermal modeling
 
dc.titleThermal and energy analysis of a Chinese kang
 
dc.typeArticle
 
<?xml encoding="utf-8" version="1.0"?>
<item><contributor.author>Zhuang, Z</contributor.author>
<contributor.author>Li, Y</contributor.author>
<contributor.author>Yang, X</contributor.author>
<contributor.author>Chen, B</contributor.author>
<contributor.author>Liu, J</contributor.author>
<date.accessioned>2010-10-31T10:58:15Z</date.accessioned>
<date.available>2010-10-31T10:58:15Z</date.available>
<date.issued>2010</date.issued>
<identifier.citation>Frontiers Of Energy And Power Engineering In China, 2010, v. 4 n. 1, p. 84-92</identifier.citation>
<identifier.issn>1673-7393</identifier.issn>
<identifier.uri>http://hdl.handle.net/10722/124861</identifier.uri>
<description.abstract>About 67 million Chinese kangs are still used by about 175 million people in China today. The kang utilizes biomass burning for space heating and hence reduces the use of commercial energy. However, the existing design of kangs is largely based on the accumulated experience of craftsmen, for lack of scientific studies and engineering design guidelines. Poor construction of kangs also leads to serious indoor air pollution. In this paper, a macroscopic smoke flow and heat transfer model of an elevated kang is integrated in a widely-used building energy analysis software in China-DeST, and the integrated software can be used for the thermal performance analysis of kang-integrated houses. A typical house with kangs in various villages of northern China is chosen as a case study. The annual performance of the kang under different insulations of building envelope and climatic conditions are discussed. Based on the simulation results, it is found that the thermal comfort requirement of the outside surface of the upper kang plate can be met by a proper construction of the kang and selection of the appropriate firing pattern. The better the insulation of the building envelope is or the better the room air tightness is, the greater the indoor air temperature rise and the greater the building heating load contribution of the kang. In the eight selected cities in northern China, the use of kang can meet 50%-80% of the house heating load. &#169; Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010.</description.abstract>
<language>eng</language>
<publisher>Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH. The Journal&apos;s web site is located at http://www.springerlink.com/content/1673-7393/</publisher>
<relation.ispartof>Frontiers of Energy and Power Engineering in China</relation.ispartof>
<rights>The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com</rights>
<subject>Building energy efficiency</subject>
<subject>Chinese kang</subject>
<subject>DeST</subject>
<subject>Elevated kang</subject>
<subject>Rural house thermal modeling</subject>
<title>Thermal and energy analysis of a Chinese kang</title>
<type>Article</type>
<identifier.openurl>http://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&amp;issn=1673-7393&amp;volume=4&amp;issue=1&amp;spage=84&amp;epage=92&amp;date=2010&amp;atitle=Thermal+and+energy+analysis+of+a+Chinese+kang</identifier.openurl>
<description.nature>link_to_subscribed_fulltext</description.nature>
<identifier.doi>10.1007/s11708-010-0009-x</identifier.doi>
<identifier.scopus>eid_2-s2.0-77249132168</identifier.scopus>
<identifier.hkuros>180430</identifier.hkuros>
<relation.references>http://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-77249132168&amp;selection=ref&amp;src=s&amp;origin=recordpage</relation.references>
<identifier.volume>4</identifier.volume>
<identifier.issue>1</identifier.issue>
<identifier.spage>84</identifier.spage>
<identifier.epage>92</identifier.epage>
<publisher.place>China</publisher.place>
<identifier.citeulike>6515275</identifier.citeulike>
</item>
Author Affiliations
  1. Dalian University of Technology
  2. The University of Hong Kong
  3. Tongji University
  4. Xi'an Architecture and Technology University
  5. Tsinghua University