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Conference Paper: Evolution of H9N2 influenza A viruses in quail from southern China

TitleEvolution of H9N2 influenza A viruses in quail from southern China
Authors
Issue Date2007
PublisherInternational Medical Press. The Conference Proceedings' website is located at https://isirv.org/site/index.php/isirv-publications?id=38
Citation
The 2007 International Scientific Conference of Options for the Control of Influenza (Options-6), Toronto, ON., Canada, 17-23 June 2007. In Conference Proceedings, 2007, p. 131-133 How to Cite?
AbstractH9N2 influenza A viruses have become established and maintain long-term endemicity in terrestrial poultry in Asian countries. Occasionally these viruses transmit to other mammals including humans. Increasing epidemiological and laboratory findings suggest that quail may be an important host as they are susceptible to different subtypes of influenza viruses. To better understand the role of quail in influenza ecology and evolution, H9N2 viruses isolated from quail during 2000 to 2005 were antigenically and genetically characterized. Our results showed that only three subtypes of influenza viruses (H5, H6, H9) could be detected in quail in southern China. Furthermore, H9N2 viruses are prevalent year-round in southern China with higher isolation rates observed in the winter, and that those viruses mainly replicate asymptomatically in the respiratory tract of quail. Antigenic and genetic analysis revealed that both the G1-like (genotype A series) and Ck/Bei-like H9N2 lineages (genotype B series) were co-circulating in quail since 2000. Phylogenetic analyses demonstrated that most of the isolates tested were double or multiple reassortant variants, with four G1-like (A0-A3) and 16 Ck/Bei-like genotypes (B1-16) recognized. Non-reassortants of Ck/Bei-like viruses were not detected in quail. A novel genotype of G1-like virus, designated as genotype A3, had become predominant in quail since 2003, while multiple Ck/Bei-like genotypes were introduced to quail wherein they incorporated G1-like gene segments, but none of them became established in this host. Those Ck/Bei-like reassortants generated in quail have then been introduced to other poultry. These complex interactions form a two-way transmission system between quail and other types of poultry. The identification of HA and NP genes with high homology to Ty/WI/1/66 in some H9N2 viruses isolated from quail in 2001 suggested that those viruses had not evolved naturally. The present study provides evidence that H9N2 and H5N1 subtype viruses have also exchanged gene segments to generate currently circulating reassortants of both subtypes that have pandemic potential. Continuing influenza surveillance in poultry is critical to understanding the genesis and emergence of potentially pandemic strains in this region.
DescriptionOral Presentations: Genetic and Antigenic Evolution
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/103140
ISBN

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorXu, Ken_HK
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Jen_HK
dc.contributor.authorDuan, Len_HK
dc.contributor.authorSmith, GJen_HK
dc.contributor.authorPeiris, JSMen_HK
dc.contributor.authorChen, Hen_HK
dc.contributor.authorGuan, Yen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-25T20:59:44Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-25T20:59:44Z-
dc.date.issued2007en_HK
dc.identifier.citationThe 2007 International Scientific Conference of Options for the Control of Influenza (Options-6), Toronto, ON., Canada, 17-23 June 2007. In Conference Proceedings, 2007, p. 131-133-
dc.identifier.isbn78-1-901-769-15-6-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/103140-
dc.descriptionOral Presentations: Genetic and Antigenic Evolution-
dc.description.abstractH9N2 influenza A viruses have become established and maintain long-term endemicity in terrestrial poultry in Asian countries. Occasionally these viruses transmit to other mammals including humans. Increasing epidemiological and laboratory findings suggest that quail may be an important host as they are susceptible to different subtypes of influenza viruses. To better understand the role of quail in influenza ecology and evolution, H9N2 viruses isolated from quail during 2000 to 2005 were antigenically and genetically characterized. Our results showed that only three subtypes of influenza viruses (H5, H6, H9) could be detected in quail in southern China. Furthermore, H9N2 viruses are prevalent year-round in southern China with higher isolation rates observed in the winter, and that those viruses mainly replicate asymptomatically in the respiratory tract of quail. Antigenic and genetic analysis revealed that both the G1-like (genotype A series) and Ck/Bei-like H9N2 lineages (genotype B series) were co-circulating in quail since 2000. Phylogenetic analyses demonstrated that most of the isolates tested were double or multiple reassortant variants, with four G1-like (A0-A3) and 16 Ck/Bei-like genotypes (B1-16) recognized. Non-reassortants of Ck/Bei-like viruses were not detected in quail. A novel genotype of G1-like virus, designated as genotype A3, had become predominant in quail since 2003, while multiple Ck/Bei-like genotypes were introduced to quail wherein they incorporated G1-like gene segments, but none of them became established in this host. Those Ck/Bei-like reassortants generated in quail have then been introduced to other poultry. These complex interactions form a two-way transmission system between quail and other types of poultry. The identification of HA and NP genes with high homology to Ty/WI/1/66 in some H9N2 viruses isolated from quail in 2001 suggested that those viruses had not evolved naturally. The present study provides evidence that H9N2 and H5N1 subtype viruses have also exchanged gene segments to generate currently circulating reassortants of both subtypes that have pandemic potential. Continuing influenza surveillance in poultry is critical to understanding the genesis and emergence of potentially pandemic strains in this region.-
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherInternational Medical Press. The Conference Proceedings' website is located at https://isirv.org/site/index.php/isirv-publications?id=38-
dc.relation.ispartofOptions for the Control of Influenza VI: Proceedings of the International Conference on Options for the Control of Influenza VI held in Toronto, Ontario, Canada June 17-23, 2007en_HK
dc.titleEvolution of H9N2 influenza A viruses in quail from southern Chinaen_HK
dc.typeConference_Paperen_HK
dc.identifier.emailXu, K: kmxu@hkusua.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailZhang, J: zhangajx@hotmail.comen_HK
dc.identifier.emailDuan, L: dlhku@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailSmith, GJ: gjsmith@HKUCC.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailPeiris, JSM: malik@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailChen, H: hlchen@hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailGuan, Y: yguan@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityZhang, J=rp00413en_HK
dc.identifier.authoritySmith, GJ=rp00444en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityPeiris, JSM=rp00410en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityChen, H=rp00383en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityGuan, Y=rp00397en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros132386en_HK
dc.identifier.spage131-
dc.identifier.epage133-
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-

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