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Article: Changing patterns of susceptibilities of blood, urinary and respiratory pathogens in Hong Kong

TitleChanging patterns of susceptibilities of blood, urinary and respiratory pathogens in Hong Kong
Authors
Issue Date1995
PublisherWB Saunders Co Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jhin
Citation
Journal Of Hospital Infection, 1995, v. 31 n. 4, p. 305-317 How to Cite?
AbstractThe incidence and antimicrobial susceptibility of organisms isolated from blood, urine and respiratory specimens at a teaching hospital in Hong Kong were studied retrospectively from 1986-1993. The incidence of Gram-positive bacteraemia, particularly coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS), increased significantly from 33.6 to 47.3% (P < 0.001) while that of Gram-negative bacteraemia fell from 60.0 to 47.0% (P < 0.001). Among blood isolates, methicillin resistance of CNS increased from 17.0 to 58.0% (P < 0.001) and cefuroxime resistance of Enterobacter spp. increased from 21.0 to over 50% (P < 0.01). Among urinary isolates, cefuroxime resistance of Klebsiella spp. (11.0 to 24.0%, P < 0.001) and Enterobacter spp. (32.0 to 75.0%, P < 0.001) increased. Nalidixic acid resistance among Gram-negative urinary isolates, except Proteus mirabilis, rose by three- to sixfold. For Streptococcus pneumoniae, isolated from the respiratory tract, penicillin resistance increased dramatically (2 to 18%, P < 0.001). For respiratory isolates of Haemophilus influenzae, ampicillin resistance increased from 17.0 to 29.0% (P < 0.001). These data are useful in guiding empirical treatment of nosocomial infections.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/79081
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.655
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.349
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorHo, PLen_HK
dc.contributor.authorYuen, KYen_HK
dc.contributor.authorYam, WCen_HK
dc.contributor.authorSaiyin Wong, Sen_HK
dc.contributor.authorLuk, WKen_HK
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-06T07:50:21Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-06T07:50:21Z-
dc.date.issued1995en_HK
dc.identifier.citationJournal Of Hospital Infection, 1995, v. 31 n. 4, p. 305-317en_HK
dc.identifier.issn0195-6701en_HK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/79081-
dc.description.abstractThe incidence and antimicrobial susceptibility of organisms isolated from blood, urine and respiratory specimens at a teaching hospital in Hong Kong were studied retrospectively from 1986-1993. The incidence of Gram-positive bacteraemia, particularly coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS), increased significantly from 33.6 to 47.3% (P < 0.001) while that of Gram-negative bacteraemia fell from 60.0 to 47.0% (P < 0.001). Among blood isolates, methicillin resistance of CNS increased from 17.0 to 58.0% (P < 0.001) and cefuroxime resistance of Enterobacter spp. increased from 21.0 to over 50% (P < 0.01). Among urinary isolates, cefuroxime resistance of Klebsiella spp. (11.0 to 24.0%, P < 0.001) and Enterobacter spp. (32.0 to 75.0%, P < 0.001) increased. Nalidixic acid resistance among Gram-negative urinary isolates, except Proteus mirabilis, rose by three- to sixfold. For Streptococcus pneumoniae, isolated from the respiratory tract, penicillin resistance increased dramatically (2 to 18%, P < 0.001). For respiratory isolates of Haemophilus influenzae, ampicillin resistance increased from 17.0 to 29.0% (P < 0.001). These data are useful in guiding empirical treatment of nosocomial infections.en_HK
dc.languageengen_HK
dc.publisherWB Saunders Co Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jhinen_HK
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Hospital Infectionen_HK
dc.subject.meshBacteremia - epidemiology - microbiologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshBacteriuria - epidemiology - microbiologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshChi-Square Distributionen_HK
dc.subject.meshCross Infection - epidemiology - microbiologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshHong Kong - epidemiologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshHumansen_HK
dc.subject.meshIncidenceen_HK
dc.subject.meshRespiratory Tract Infections - epidemiology - microbiologyen_HK
dc.subject.meshRetrospective Studiesen_HK
dc.titleChanging patterns of susceptibilities of blood, urinary and respiratory pathogens in Hong Kongen_HK
dc.typeArticleen_HK
dc.identifier.openurlhttp://library.hku.hk:4550/resserv?sid=HKU:IR&issn=0195-6701&volume=31&spage=305&epage=317&date=1995&atitle=Changing+patterns+of+susceptibilities+of+blood,+urinary+and+respiratory+pathogens+in+Hong+Kongen_HK
dc.identifier.emailHo, PL:plho@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailYuen, KY:kyyuen@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.emailYam, WC:wcyam@hkucc.hku.hken_HK
dc.identifier.authorityHo, PL=rp00406en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityYuen, KY=rp00366en_HK
dc.identifier.authorityYam, WC=rp00313en_HK
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/0195-6701(95)90209-0en_HK
dc.identifier.pmid8926380-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0029610233en_HK
dc.identifier.hkuros14650en_HK
dc.identifier.volume31en_HK
dc.identifier.issue4en_HK
dc.identifier.spage305en_HK
dc.identifier.epage317en_HK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:A1995TM43400007-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHo, PL=7402211363en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridYuen, KY=36078079100en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridYam, WC=7004281720en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSaiyin Wong, S=16742062000en_HK
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLuk, WK=7005237832en_HK

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