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Article: Cardiovascular outcomes in trials of new antidiabetic drug classes: a network meta-analysis

TitleCardiovascular outcomes in trials of new antidiabetic drug classes: a network meta-analysis
Authors
KeywordsAntidiabetic drug
Network meta-analysis
Type 2 diabetes mellitus
Cardiovascular outcome
Issue Date2019
PublisherBioMed Central Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.cardiab.com/
Citation
Cardiovascular Diabetology, 2019, v. 18, p. article no. 112 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground: Recent trials suggested that glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs) and sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors reduced cardiovascular events. Comparative effectiveness of these new antidiabetic drug classes remains unclear. We therefore performed a network meta-analysis to compare the effect on cardiovascular outcomes among GLP-1 RAs, SGLT-2 and dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors. Methods: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane database, ClinicalTrials.gov, and congress proceedings from recent cardiology conferences were searched up to April 20, 2019. Cardiovascular outcome trials and renal outcome trials reporting cardiovascular outcomes on GLP-1 RAs, SGLT-2 and DPP-4 inhibitors in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were included. The primary outcome was major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). Secondary outcomes were nonfatal myocardial infarction, nonfatal stroke, cardiovascular mortality, all-cause mortality, hospitalisation for heart failure (HF), and renal composite outcome. ORs and 95% CI were calculated using random-effects models. Results: Fourteen trials enrolling 121,047 patients were included. SGLT-2 inhibitors reduced cardiovascular deaths and all-cause deaths compared to placebo (OR 0.82, 95% CI 0.73–0.93 and OR 0.84, 95% CI 0.77–0.92) and DPP-4 inhibitors (OR 0.83, 95% CI 0.70–0.99 and OR 0.83, 95% CI 0.73–0.94), respectively. SGLT-2 inhibitors and GLP-1 RAs significantly reduced MACE (OR 0.88, 95% CI 0.82–0.95 and OR 0.87, 95% CI 0.82–0.93), hospitalisation for HF (OR 0.68, 95% CI 0.61–0.77 and OR 0.87, 95% CI 0.82–0.93), and renal composite outcome (OR 0.59, 95% CI 0.52–0.67 and OR 0.86, 95% CI 0.78–0.94) compared to placebo, but SGLT-2 inhibitors reduced hospitalisation for HF (OR 0.79, 95% CI 0.69–0.90) and renal composite outcome (OR 0.69, 95% CI 0.59–0.80) more than GLP-1 RAs. Only GLP-1 RAs reduced nonfatal stroke (OR 0.88, 95% CI 0.77–0.99). DPP-4 inhibitors did not lower the risk of these outcomes when compared to placebo and were associated with higher risks of MACE, hospitalisation for HF, and renal composite outcome when compared to the other two drug classes. Conclusions: SGLT-2 inhibitors show clear superiority in reducing cardiovascular and all-cause deaths, hospitalisation for HF, and renal events among new antidiabetic drug classes. GLP-1 RAs also have cardiovascular and renal protective effects. DPP-4 inhibitors have no beneficial cardiovascular effects and are therefore inferior to the other two drug classes. SGLT-2 inhibitors should now be the preferred treatment for type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/293762
ISSN
2018 Impact Factor: 5.948
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.757
PubMed Central ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorFei, Y-
dc.contributor.authorTsoi, MF-
dc.contributor.authorCheung, BMY-
dc.date.accessioned2020-11-23T08:21:27Z-
dc.date.available2020-11-23T08:21:27Z-
dc.date.issued2019-
dc.identifier.citationCardiovascular Diabetology, 2019, v. 18, p. article no. 112-
dc.identifier.issn1475-2840-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/293762-
dc.description.abstractBackground: Recent trials suggested that glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs) and sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors reduced cardiovascular events. Comparative effectiveness of these new antidiabetic drug classes remains unclear. We therefore performed a network meta-analysis to compare the effect on cardiovascular outcomes among GLP-1 RAs, SGLT-2 and dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors. Methods: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane database, ClinicalTrials.gov, and congress proceedings from recent cardiology conferences were searched up to April 20, 2019. Cardiovascular outcome trials and renal outcome trials reporting cardiovascular outcomes on GLP-1 RAs, SGLT-2 and DPP-4 inhibitors in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were included. The primary outcome was major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). Secondary outcomes were nonfatal myocardial infarction, nonfatal stroke, cardiovascular mortality, all-cause mortality, hospitalisation for heart failure (HF), and renal composite outcome. ORs and 95% CI were calculated using random-effects models. Results: Fourteen trials enrolling 121,047 patients were included. SGLT-2 inhibitors reduced cardiovascular deaths and all-cause deaths compared to placebo (OR 0.82, 95% CI 0.73–0.93 and OR 0.84, 95% CI 0.77–0.92) and DPP-4 inhibitors (OR 0.83, 95% CI 0.70–0.99 and OR 0.83, 95% CI 0.73–0.94), respectively. SGLT-2 inhibitors and GLP-1 RAs significantly reduced MACE (OR 0.88, 95% CI 0.82–0.95 and OR 0.87, 95% CI 0.82–0.93), hospitalisation for HF (OR 0.68, 95% CI 0.61–0.77 and OR 0.87, 95% CI 0.82–0.93), and renal composite outcome (OR 0.59, 95% CI 0.52–0.67 and OR 0.86, 95% CI 0.78–0.94) compared to placebo, but SGLT-2 inhibitors reduced hospitalisation for HF (OR 0.79, 95% CI 0.69–0.90) and renal composite outcome (OR 0.69, 95% CI 0.59–0.80) more than GLP-1 RAs. Only GLP-1 RAs reduced nonfatal stroke (OR 0.88, 95% CI 0.77–0.99). DPP-4 inhibitors did not lower the risk of these outcomes when compared to placebo and were associated with higher risks of MACE, hospitalisation for HF, and renal composite outcome when compared to the other two drug classes. Conclusions: SGLT-2 inhibitors show clear superiority in reducing cardiovascular and all-cause deaths, hospitalisation for HF, and renal events among new antidiabetic drug classes. GLP-1 RAs also have cardiovascular and renal protective effects. DPP-4 inhibitors have no beneficial cardiovascular effects and are therefore inferior to the other two drug classes. SGLT-2 inhibitors should now be the preferred treatment for type 2 diabetes mellitus.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherBioMed Central Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.cardiab.com/-
dc.relation.ispartofCardiovascular Diabetology-
dc.rightsCardiovascular Diabetology. Copyright © BioMed Central Ltd.-
dc.rightsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.-
dc.subjectAntidiabetic drug-
dc.subjectNetwork meta-analysis-
dc.subjectType 2 diabetes mellitus-
dc.subjectCardiovascular outcome-
dc.titleCardiovascular outcomes in trials of new antidiabetic drug classes: a network meta-analysis-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailFei, Y: fayeyfei@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailCheung, BMY: mycheung@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityCheung, BMY=rp01321-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/s12933-019-0916-z-
dc.identifier.pmid31462224-
dc.identifier.pmcidPMC6714383-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-85071614441-
dc.identifier.hkuros320068-
dc.identifier.hkuros317634-
dc.identifier.volume18-
dc.identifier.spagearticle no. 112-
dc.identifier.epagearticle no. 112-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom-

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