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Article: Characteristics, Mechanism and Long-Term Ablation Outcome of Atrial Tachycardias After Mitral Valvular Surgery and Concomitant Cox-MAZE IV Procedure.

TitleCharacteristics, Mechanism and Long-Term Ablation Outcome of Atrial Tachycardias After Mitral Valvular Surgery and Concomitant Cox-MAZE IV Procedure.
Authors
KeywordsRheumatic
Issue Date2019
PublisherUniversity of Tokyo, Graduate School of Medicine. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/browse/ihj
Citation
International Heart Journal, 2019, v. 60 n. 1, p. 71-77 How to Cite?
AbstractThe incidence of atrial tachycardia (AT) after rheumatic mitral valvular (RMV) surgery has been well described. However, there have been few reports on the characteristics, mechanism, and long-term ablation outcome of ATs after RMV surgery and concomitant Cox-MAZE IV procedure. The present study reviewed consecutive patients who underwent AT ablation between May 2008 and July 2013. All patients were refractory to antiarrhythmic drugs (AADs) and had a history of RMV surgery and Cox- MAZE IV procedure. A total of 34 patients underwent AT ablation after RMV surgery and concomitant Cox- MAZE IV procedure, and presented 57 mappable and 2 unmappable ATs. The 57 mappable ATs included 14 focal-ATs and 43 reentry-ATs. Ten of the 14 focal-like ATs were located at the pulmonary vein (PV) antrum and border of a box lesion. Of the 43 reentry-ATs, 16 were marco-reentrant around the mitral annulus (MA) and 16 around the tricuspid annulus. There were 41 atypical ATs (non-cavotricuspid isthmus related) including 16 ATs related to the box lesion and 21 ATs related to other Cox-MAZE IV lesions. The AT were successfully terminated in 33 (97.1%) patients. After mean follow-up of 46.9 ± 15.7 months, 25 (73.5%) patients maintained sinus rhythm without AADs after a single procedure and 28 (82.4%) patients after repeated procedures. The recurrent ATs after RMV surgery and concomitant Cox-MAZE IV were mainly reentry mechanism, and largely related to LA. An incomplete lesion or re-conductive gaps in a prior lesion might be the predominant mechanisms for these ATs. Catheter-based mapping and ablation of these ATs seems to be effective and safe during a long-term follow-up. © 2019, International Heart Journal Association. All rights reserved.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/277358
ISSN
2019 Impact Factor: 1.906
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.608

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorZhan, XZ-
dc.contributor.authorLiu, FZ-
dc.contributor.authorGuo, HM-
dc.contributor.authorLiao, HT-
dc.contributor.authorFang, XH-
dc.contributor.authorLiu, J-
dc.contributor.authorDeng, H-
dc.contributor.authorHuang, HL-
dc.contributor.authorHai, SHJJ-
dc.contributor.authorTse, HF-
dc.contributor.authorLi, YQ-
dc.contributor.authorXue, YM-
dc.contributor.authorWu, SL-
dc.date.accessioned2019-09-20T08:49:29Z-
dc.date.available2019-09-20T08:49:29Z-
dc.date.issued2019-
dc.identifier.citationInternational Heart Journal, 2019, v. 60 n. 1, p. 71-77-
dc.identifier.issn1349-2365-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/277358-
dc.description.abstractThe incidence of atrial tachycardia (AT) after rheumatic mitral valvular (RMV) surgery has been well described. However, there have been few reports on the characteristics, mechanism, and long-term ablation outcome of ATs after RMV surgery and concomitant Cox-MAZE IV procedure. The present study reviewed consecutive patients who underwent AT ablation between May 2008 and July 2013. All patients were refractory to antiarrhythmic drugs (AADs) and had a history of RMV surgery and Cox- MAZE IV procedure. A total of 34 patients underwent AT ablation after RMV surgery and concomitant Cox- MAZE IV procedure, and presented 57 mappable and 2 unmappable ATs. The 57 mappable ATs included 14 focal-ATs and 43 reentry-ATs. Ten of the 14 focal-like ATs were located at the pulmonary vein (PV) antrum and border of a box lesion. Of the 43 reentry-ATs, 16 were marco-reentrant around the mitral annulus (MA) and 16 around the tricuspid annulus. There were 41 atypical ATs (non-cavotricuspid isthmus related) including 16 ATs related to the box lesion and 21 ATs related to other Cox-MAZE IV lesions. The AT were successfully terminated in 33 (97.1%) patients. After mean follow-up of 46.9 ± 15.7 months, 25 (73.5%) patients maintained sinus rhythm without AADs after a single procedure and 28 (82.4%) patients after repeated procedures. The recurrent ATs after RMV surgery and concomitant Cox-MAZE IV were mainly reentry mechanism, and largely related to LA. An incomplete lesion or re-conductive gaps in a prior lesion might be the predominant mechanisms for these ATs. Catheter-based mapping and ablation of these ATs seems to be effective and safe during a long-term follow-up. © 2019, International Heart Journal Association. All rights reserved.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherUniversity of Tokyo, Graduate School of Medicine. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/browse/ihj-
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Heart Journal-
dc.subjectRheumatic-
dc.titleCharacteristics, Mechanism and Long-Term Ablation Outcome of Atrial Tachycardias After Mitral Valvular Surgery and Concomitant Cox-MAZE IV Procedure.-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailHai, SHJJ: haishjj@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailTse, HF: hftse@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityHai, SHJJ=rp02047-
dc.identifier.authorityTse, HF=rp00428-
dc.description.naturelink_to_OA_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1536/ihj.18-117-
dc.identifier.pmid30518718-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-85060659329-
dc.identifier.hkuros305289-
dc.identifier.volume60-
dc.identifier.issue1-
dc.identifier.spage71-
dc.identifier.epage77-
dc.publisher.placeJapan-

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