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Article: Emergence of Droplets at the Nonequilibrium All-Aqueous Interface in a Vertical Hele-Shaw Cell

TitleEmergence of Droplets at the Nonequilibrium All-Aqueous Interface in a Vertical Hele-Shaw Cell
Authors
Issue Date2018
Citation
Langmuir, 2018, v. 34 n. 9, p. 3030-3036 How to Cite?
AbstractThe interfacial phenomena at liquid liquid interfaces remain the subject of constant fascination in science and technology. Here, we show that fingers forming at the interface of nonequilibrium all-aqueous systems can spontaneously break into an array of droplets. The dynamic formation of droplets at the water-water (w/w) interface is observed when a less dense aqueous phase, for instance, the dextran solution, is placed on a denser aqueous phase, the polyethylene glycol solution, in a vertical Hele-Shaw cell. Because of the gradual diffusion of water from the upper phase into the lower phase, a dense layer appears at the nonequilibrium w/w interface. As a result, a periodic array of fingers emerge and sink. Remarkably, these fingers break up and an array of droplets are emitted from the interface. We characterize the wavelength of fingering by measuring the average distance between the dominant fingers. By varying the initial concentrations of the two nonequilibrium aqueous phases, we identify experimentally a phase diagram with a wide parameter space in which finger breaking occurs. Finally, plenty of droplets, spontaneously formed when one phase is continuously deposited onto another aqueous phase, further confirm the robustness of our experimental results, Our work suggests a simple yet efficient approach with a potential upscalability to generate all-aqueous droplets.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/260474
ISSN
2017 Impact Factor: 3.789
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.750
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorChao, YC-
dc.contributor.authorMak, SY-
dc.contributor.authorMa, QM-
dc.contributor.authorWu, J-
dc.contributor.authorDing, Z-
dc.contributor.authorXu, L-
dc.contributor.authorShum, HC-
dc.date.accessioned2018-09-14T08:42:20Z-
dc.date.available2018-09-14T08:42:20Z-
dc.date.issued2018-
dc.identifier.citationLangmuir, 2018, v. 34 n. 9, p. 3030-3036-
dc.identifier.issn0743-7463-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/260474-
dc.description.abstractThe interfacial phenomena at liquid liquid interfaces remain the subject of constant fascination in science and technology. Here, we show that fingers forming at the interface of nonequilibrium all-aqueous systems can spontaneously break into an array of droplets. The dynamic formation of droplets at the water-water (w/w) interface is observed when a less dense aqueous phase, for instance, the dextran solution, is placed on a denser aqueous phase, the polyethylene glycol solution, in a vertical Hele-Shaw cell. Because of the gradual diffusion of water from the upper phase into the lower phase, a dense layer appears at the nonequilibrium w/w interface. As a result, a periodic array of fingers emerge and sink. Remarkably, these fingers break up and an array of droplets are emitted from the interface. We characterize the wavelength of fingering by measuring the average distance between the dominant fingers. By varying the initial concentrations of the two nonequilibrium aqueous phases, we identify experimentally a phase diagram with a wide parameter space in which finger breaking occurs. Finally, plenty of droplets, spontaneously formed when one phase is continuously deposited onto another aqueous phase, further confirm the robustness of our experimental results, Our work suggests a simple yet efficient approach with a potential upscalability to generate all-aqueous droplets.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofLangmuir-
dc.titleEmergence of Droplets at the Nonequilibrium All-Aqueous Interface in a Vertical Hele-Shaw Cell-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailShum, HC: ashum@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityShum, HC=rp01439-
dc.identifier.doi10.1021/acs.langmuir.7b04168-
dc.identifier.hkuros290223-
dc.identifier.volume34-
dc.identifier.issue9-
dc.identifier.spage3030-
dc.identifier.epage3036-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000427095400014-

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