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Article: Proto-Tai reconstruction of 'maternal grandmother' revisited: *na:jA, *ta:jA or * ta:jB?

TitleProto-Tai reconstruction of 'maternal grandmother' revisited: *na:jA, *ta:jA or * ta:jB?
再論「外婆」一詞的原始台語構擬:*na:jA、*ta:jA 還是 *ta:jB?
Authors
Issue Date2017
PublisherInstitute of Linguistics, Academia Sinica. The Journal's web site is located at http://benjamins.com/catalog/lali
Citation
Language and linguistics, 2017, v. 18 n. 1, p. 116-140 How to Cite?
AbstractThe word ‘maternal grandmother’ presents irregular modern forms in Tai languages. It is ta:jB1 in most Northern Tai (NT) varieties, ta:jA1 in most Central Tai (CT) varieties, na:jA2 in most Southwestern Tai (SWT) varieties, and ja:jA2 in Standard Thai. Li ( 1971 ) reconstructs the proto-form of this word as *na:jA , positing that the later forms changed by analogy with semantically similar words. This paper discusses two alternative hypotheses *ta:jA and *ta:jB , and argues that the proto-form was *ta:jB . The analysis indicates that the sound changes of this word in Tai languages are caused by the “contamination” in kinship terms with paired semantic contents in CT/SWT, and by dissimilation from the otherwise homophonous word ‘to die’ in SWT. As a result, the proto-form of ‘maternal grandmother’ *ta:jB is preserved in the vast majority of NT and a cluster of CT. In most CT/SWT the original *B tone changed to *A tone, and then in SWT the initial *t- underwent further change to *n- in order to avoid homophony with the taboo word ‘to die’. This issue of homophony arose only in this branch due to the merger of *t- and *tr- (or *p.t-). This proto-form *ta:jB is supported by historical evidence and other non-Tai languages in the Daic family. Other exceptional irregularities in some CT languages are also discussed as they are crucial to the determination of the *ta:jB hypothesis. Analogous examples from several Tai varieties also support the occurrence of aberrant development due to taboo avoidance.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/248788
ISSN
2017 Impact Factor: 0.281
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.281
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLIAO, H-
dc.date.accessioned2017-10-18T08:48:34Z-
dc.date.available2017-10-18T08:48:34Z-
dc.date.issued2017-
dc.identifier.citationLanguage and linguistics, 2017, v. 18 n. 1, p. 116-140-
dc.identifier.issn1606-822X-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/248788-
dc.description.abstractThe word ‘maternal grandmother’ presents irregular modern forms in Tai languages. It is ta:jB1 in most Northern Tai (NT) varieties, ta:jA1 in most Central Tai (CT) varieties, na:jA2 in most Southwestern Tai (SWT) varieties, and ja:jA2 in Standard Thai. Li ( 1971 ) reconstructs the proto-form of this word as *na:jA , positing that the later forms changed by analogy with semantically similar words. This paper discusses two alternative hypotheses *ta:jA and *ta:jB , and argues that the proto-form was *ta:jB . The analysis indicates that the sound changes of this word in Tai languages are caused by the “contamination” in kinship terms with paired semantic contents in CT/SWT, and by dissimilation from the otherwise homophonous word ‘to die’ in SWT. As a result, the proto-form of ‘maternal grandmother’ *ta:jB is preserved in the vast majority of NT and a cluster of CT. In most CT/SWT the original *B tone changed to *A tone, and then in SWT the initial *t- underwent further change to *n- in order to avoid homophony with the taboo word ‘to die’. This issue of homophony arose only in this branch due to the merger of *t- and *tr- (or *p.t-). This proto-form *ta:jB is supported by historical evidence and other non-Tai languages in the Daic family. Other exceptional irregularities in some CT languages are also discussed as they are crucial to the determination of the *ta:jB hypothesis. Analogous examples from several Tai varieties also support the occurrence of aberrant development due to taboo avoidance.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherInstitute of Linguistics, Academia Sinica. The Journal's web site is located at http://benjamins.com/catalog/lali-
dc.relation.ispartofLanguage and linguistics-
dc.rightsLanguage and Linguistics. Copyright © John Benjamins Publishing Company.-
dc.rightsReaders of post-print must contact John Benjamins Publishing for further reprinting or re-use-
dc.titleProto-Tai reconstruction of 'maternal grandmother' revisited: *na:jA, *ta:jA or * ta:jB?-
dc.title再論「外婆」一詞的原始台語構擬:*na:jA、*ta:jA 還是 *ta:jB?-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.doi10.1075/lali.18.1.04lia-
dc.identifier.hkuros281681-
dc.identifier.volume18-
dc.identifier.issue1-
dc.identifier.spage116-
dc.identifier.epage140-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000395613600004-
dc.publisher.placeTaibei Shi, Taiwan-

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