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Conference Paper: Exosome Released from Nuclear Met Expressing Cells Promote Liver Cancer Metastasis and Formation of Lung Prematastatic Niche

TitleExosome Released from Nuclear Met Expressing Cells Promote Liver Cancer Metastasis and Formation of Lung Prematastatic Niche
Authors
Issue Date2017
Citation
The Liver Week, 2017 How to Cite?
AbstractIntroduction: Our previous study have provided the first evidence about the clinical relevance of nMet in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The present study was aimed to assess the role of exosomes isolated from nMet overexpressing cell line in promoting HCC metastasis as well as formation of lung premetastatic niche. Material and method: Exosomes were isolated from metastatic MHCC97L HCC cell in which nMet was overexpressed using ExoQuick solution. The integrity and size of isolated exosomes were examined by electron microscopy. Immunoblotting was performed to determine the exosomal marker of isolated exosomes. Normal liver and naïve HCC cells were treated with isolated exosomes and functional assays including Transwell migration and invasion assays were performed. Nude mice was injected with nMet-exosomes to study the HCC metastasis and lung premetastatic niche formation. Results and discussion: In our present study, exosomes were isolated from conditioned media of control MHCC97L/Vec and MHCC97L/nMet cells. Transmission electron microscopy images of isolated exosomes revealed typical exosome structure with diameter of approximately 50-80 nm. Immunoblotting showed that the isolated exosomes were positive for exosomal markers (Alix, TSG101 and CD9) while depleted of cis-Golgi marker GM130 and nucleoporin p62. Further functional assays showed that nMet-exosomes significantly augmented both migratory and invasive properties of normal liver (MIHA) and naïve HCC cells (BEL7402 and MHCC97L). We also labeled exosomes with PKH26 and observed the uptake of exosomes by naïve cells with fluorescence microscopy. Intravenous injection of nMet-exosomes was administered prior to orthotopic liver implantation of tumor xenograft in nude mice. nMet-exosomes treated mice displayed increased incidence of distant metastasis from HCC primary tumor to lungs when compared with control mice, suggesting the promoting effect of nMet-exosomes on distant metastasis and lung premetastatic niche formation. Conclusion: Our findings will provide useful evidences about tumor-derived exosomes in driving metastasis and yield novel mechanistic insights into liver cancer metastasis.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/245617

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorTey, SK-
dc.contributor.authorMao, X-
dc.contributor.authorYam, JWP-
dc.date.accessioned2017-09-18T02:13:51Z-
dc.date.available2017-09-18T02:13:51Z-
dc.date.issued2017-
dc.identifier.citationThe Liver Week, 2017-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/245617-
dc.description.abstractIntroduction: Our previous study have provided the first evidence about the clinical relevance of nMet in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The present study was aimed to assess the role of exosomes isolated from nMet overexpressing cell line in promoting HCC metastasis as well as formation of lung premetastatic niche. Material and method: Exosomes were isolated from metastatic MHCC97L HCC cell in which nMet was overexpressed using ExoQuick solution. The integrity and size of isolated exosomes were examined by electron microscopy. Immunoblotting was performed to determine the exosomal marker of isolated exosomes. Normal liver and naïve HCC cells were treated with isolated exosomes and functional assays including Transwell migration and invasion assays were performed. Nude mice was injected with nMet-exosomes to study the HCC metastasis and lung premetastatic niche formation. Results and discussion: In our present study, exosomes were isolated from conditioned media of control MHCC97L/Vec and MHCC97L/nMet cells. Transmission electron microscopy images of isolated exosomes revealed typical exosome structure with diameter of approximately 50-80 nm. Immunoblotting showed that the isolated exosomes were positive for exosomal markers (Alix, TSG101 and CD9) while depleted of cis-Golgi marker GM130 and nucleoporin p62. Further functional assays showed that nMet-exosomes significantly augmented both migratory and invasive properties of normal liver (MIHA) and naïve HCC cells (BEL7402 and MHCC97L). We also labeled exosomes with PKH26 and observed the uptake of exosomes by naïve cells with fluorescence microscopy. Intravenous injection of nMet-exosomes was administered prior to orthotopic liver implantation of tumor xenograft in nude mice. nMet-exosomes treated mice displayed increased incidence of distant metastasis from HCC primary tumor to lungs when compared with control mice, suggesting the promoting effect of nMet-exosomes on distant metastasis and lung premetastatic niche formation. Conclusion: Our findings will provide useful evidences about tumor-derived exosomes in driving metastasis and yield novel mechanistic insights into liver cancer metastasis.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofThe Liver Week-
dc.titleExosome Released from Nuclear Met Expressing Cells Promote Liver Cancer Metastasis and Formation of Lung Prematastatic Niche-
dc.typeConference_Paper-
dc.identifier.emailTey, SK: szekeong@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailMao, X: susanmao@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailYam, JWP: judyyam@pathology.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityYam, JWP=rp00468-
dc.identifier.hkuros275991-

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