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Conference Paper: Development of dendritic cell-based tumor vaccines with high efficacy by targeting the negative regulators of DC functions: Guiding the 'misguided'

TitleDevelopment of dendritic cell-based tumor vaccines with high efficacy by targeting the negative regulators of DC functions: Guiding the 'misguided'
Authors
Issue Date2011
PublisherOmics Publishing Group. The proceedings' web site is located at http://omicsonline.org/jvvhome.php
Citation
Proceedings of International Conference & Exhibition on Vaccines & Vaccination, Philadelphia, USA, 22-24 November 2011. In Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination, 2011, v. 2 n. 4, p. 106 How to Cite?
AbstractThe DC-based therapeutic vaccine has been a theoretically attractive approach being explored for cancer treatment during the last 2 decades. Its clinical application, however, has thus far been limited by the lack of achievable general efficacy and consistency. One of the major obstacles is believed to be the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment these live DC cells are subjected to. To develop a novel DC-based tumor vaccine with high efficacy and stability, we have designed, tested and compared different ways of enhancing DC immunogenicity by functional conditioning of the cell vectors, targeting both the positive and negative arms of immune regulation. Findings from our studies indicate that the most effective way to enhance the vaccine efficacy is to block the negative regulators of DC functions. We showed that the vaccines delivered by DCs devoid or knock-down of IL-10, a potent immunosuppressive cytokine expressed by DC, were superior over the conventional DC vaccine in triggering anti-tumor immunity. The DCs lacking IL-10 were immunologically heightened, expressing enhanced levels of surface MHC class II molecules and Th1-related cytokines. By inducing tumor-specific killing and through the establishment of immunological memory, the IL-10-/-DC vaccines could evoke strongly both therapeutic and protective immunity in vivo. This concept, based on original insights from studies on the mechanisms underlying autoimmunity, has now been tested by us successfully in different animal models of liver (hepatoma) and skin (melanoma) cancers [1-4]. It will have a great impact once being translated clinically into the treatment of malignant, and potentially infectious, diseases in man.
DescriptionInvited speaker - ScientificTracks Abstracts
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/237373
ISSN
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.261

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorHuang, F-
dc.date.accessioned2017-01-05T07:48:43Z-
dc.date.available2017-01-05T07:48:43Z-
dc.date.issued2011-
dc.identifier.citationProceedings of International Conference & Exhibition on Vaccines & Vaccination, Philadelphia, USA, 22-24 November 2011. In Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination, 2011, v. 2 n. 4, p. 106-
dc.identifier.issn2157-7560-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/237373-
dc.descriptionInvited speaker - ScientificTracks Abstracts-
dc.description.abstractThe DC-based therapeutic vaccine has been a theoretically attractive approach being explored for cancer treatment during the last 2 decades. Its clinical application, however, has thus far been limited by the lack of achievable general efficacy and consistency. One of the major obstacles is believed to be the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment these live DC cells are subjected to. To develop a novel DC-based tumor vaccine with high efficacy and stability, we have designed, tested and compared different ways of enhancing DC immunogenicity by functional conditioning of the cell vectors, targeting both the positive and negative arms of immune regulation. Findings from our studies indicate that the most effective way to enhance the vaccine efficacy is to block the negative regulators of DC functions. We showed that the vaccines delivered by DCs devoid or knock-down of IL-10, a potent immunosuppressive cytokine expressed by DC, were superior over the conventional DC vaccine in triggering anti-tumor immunity. The DCs lacking IL-10 were immunologically heightened, expressing enhanced levels of surface MHC class II molecules and Th1-related cytokines. By inducing tumor-specific killing and through the establishment of immunological memory, the IL-10-/-DC vaccines could evoke strongly both therapeutic and protective immunity in vivo. This concept, based on original insights from studies on the mechanisms underlying autoimmunity, has now been tested by us successfully in different animal models of liver (hepatoma) and skin (melanoma) cancers [1-4]. It will have a great impact once being translated clinically into the treatment of malignant, and potentially infectious, diseases in man.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherOmics Publishing Group. The proceedings' web site is located at http://omicsonline.org/jvvhome.php-
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Vaccines & Vaccination-
dc.titleDevelopment of dendritic cell-based tumor vaccines with high efficacy by targeting the negative regulators of DC functions: Guiding the 'misguided'-
dc.typeConference_Paper-
dc.identifier.emailHuang, F: fphuang@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityHuang, F=rp01922-
dc.identifier.doi10.4172/2157-7560.S1.08-
dc.identifier.hkuros240083-
dc.identifier.volume2-
dc.identifier.issue4-
dc.identifier.spage106-
dc.identifier.epage106-
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-

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