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postgraduate thesis: Speech, hearing and swallowing impairments in children with cancers

TitleSpeech, hearing and swallowing impairments in children with cancers
Authors
Issue Date2016
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Yiu, O. [姚靄欣]. (2016). Speech, hearing and swallowing impairments in children with cancers. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR.
AbstractIntroduction: Survival rates of childhood cancers have increased significantly in recent years and long-term complications have emerged to be an important issue. Impairments in speech, hearing and swallowing have been documented in various pediatric cancers, but their prevalence and onset time were rarely mentioned. This study investigated the prevalence and onset time of these impairments in selected cancers, also explored the cause of complication in terms of tumor site and cancer treatment applied. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in Queen Mary Hospital on children with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL), Stage 4 Neuroblastoma (NB), Head and Neck (H&N) Cancers, and Brain Tumors (BTs). All patients who received standard treatment were included, and 318 medical files were reviewed. Prevalence of each complication for different diagnoses was calculated. Survival analysis was also performed with adjusting confounding factors including age of diagnosis and gender. Results: Speech and hearing impairments were most prevalent in BTs with prevalence rate of 32.8% and 52.8% respectively, whereas swallowing impairments were most commonly found in H&N cancers with a prevalence rate of 47.4%. Subjects with BTs, H&N cancers and stage 4 NB had significantly higher chance of developing complications when compared with those with ALL. Younger age of diagnosis was a protective factor for developing speech impairment. Complications tended to occur within five years after diagnosis of cancer was made in subjects with stage 4 NB and ALL, but could occur beyond the tenth year for those with BTs and H&N cancers. Conclusion: This is the first local study to report prevalence and onset time of speech, hearing and swallowing complications in patients with four childhood cancers. They were found to vary greatly with diagnoses. Results suggested the occurrence of complications was both cancer- and treatment-related, and the chance of developing long-term complication could also be related to possible neuroplasticity for compensation. Findings would facilitate long-term care of childhood cancer survivors, as in treatment selection and counseling for patients. They also provided an evidence-based time frame for performing relevant screening for complication so as to optimize management for this population.
DegreeMaster of Medical Sciences
SubjectDeglutition disorders in children
Speech disorders in children
Hearing impaired children
Cancer in children - Patients
Dept/ProgramPaediatrics and Adolescent Medicine
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/237257
HKU Library Item IDb5805017

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorYiu, Oi-yan-
dc.contributor.author姚靄欣-
dc.date.accessioned2016-12-28T02:01:59Z-
dc.date.available2016-12-28T02:01:59Z-
dc.date.issued2016-
dc.identifier.citationYiu, O. [姚靄欣]. (2016). Speech, hearing and swallowing impairments in children with cancers. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR.-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/237257-
dc.description.abstractIntroduction: Survival rates of childhood cancers have increased significantly in recent years and long-term complications have emerged to be an important issue. Impairments in speech, hearing and swallowing have been documented in various pediatric cancers, but their prevalence and onset time were rarely mentioned. This study investigated the prevalence and onset time of these impairments in selected cancers, also explored the cause of complication in terms of tumor site and cancer treatment applied. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in Queen Mary Hospital on children with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL), Stage 4 Neuroblastoma (NB), Head and Neck (H&N) Cancers, and Brain Tumors (BTs). All patients who received standard treatment were included, and 318 medical files were reviewed. Prevalence of each complication for different diagnoses was calculated. Survival analysis was also performed with adjusting confounding factors including age of diagnosis and gender. Results: Speech and hearing impairments were most prevalent in BTs with prevalence rate of 32.8% and 52.8% respectively, whereas swallowing impairments were most commonly found in H&N cancers with a prevalence rate of 47.4%. Subjects with BTs, H&N cancers and stage 4 NB had significantly higher chance of developing complications when compared with those with ALL. Younger age of diagnosis was a protective factor for developing speech impairment. Complications tended to occur within five years after diagnosis of cancer was made in subjects with stage 4 NB and ALL, but could occur beyond the tenth year for those with BTs and H&N cancers. Conclusion: This is the first local study to report prevalence and onset time of speech, hearing and swallowing complications in patients with four childhood cancers. They were found to vary greatly with diagnoses. Results suggested the occurrence of complications was both cancer- and treatment-related, and the chance of developing long-term complication could also be related to possible neuroplasticity for compensation. Findings would facilitate long-term care of childhood cancer survivors, as in treatment selection and counseling for patients. They also provided an evidence-based time frame for performing relevant screening for complication so as to optimize management for this population.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.subject.lcshDeglutition disorders in children-
dc.subject.lcshSpeech disorders in children-
dc.subject.lcshHearing impaired children-
dc.subject.lcshCancer in children - Patients-
dc.titleSpeech, hearing and swallowing impairments in children with cancers-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5805017-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Medical Sciences-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplinePaediatrics and Adolescent Medicine-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-

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