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Article: An A14U Substitution in the 3= Noncoding Region of the M Segment of Viral RNA Supports Replication of Influenza Virus with an NS1 Deletion by Modulating Alternative Splicing of M Segment mRNAs

TitleAn A14U Substitution in the 3= Noncoding Region of the M Segment of Viral RNA Supports Replication of Influenza Virus with an NS1 Deletion by Modulating Alternative Splicing of M Segment mRNAs
Authors
Issue Date2015
Citation
Journal of Virology, 2015 How to Cite?
AbstractThe NS1 protein of influenza virus has multiple functions and is a determinant of virulence. Influenza viruses with NS1 deletions (DelNS1 influenza viruses) are a useful tool for studying virus replication and can serve as effective live attenuated vaccines, but deletion of NS1 severely diminishes virus replication, hampering functional studies and vaccine production. We found that WSN-DelNS1 viruses passaged in cells consistently adapted to gain an A14U substitution in the 3′ noncoding region of the M segment of viral RNA (vRNA) which restored replicative ability. DelNS1-M-A14U viruses cannot inhibit interferon expression in virus infected-cells, providing an essential model for studying virus replication in the absence of the NS1 protein. Characterization of DelNS1-M-A14U virus showed that the lack of NS1 has no apparent effect on expression of other viral proteins, with the exception of M mRNAs. Expression of the M transcripts, M1, M2, mRNA3, and mRNA4, is regulated by alternative splicing. The A14U substitution changes the splicing donor site consensus sequence of mRNA3, altering expression of M transcripts, with M2 expression significantly increased and mRNA3 markedly suppressed in DelNS1-M-A14U, but not DelNS1-M-WT, virus-infected cells. Further analysis revealed that the A14U substitution also affects promoter function during replication of the viral genome. The M-A14U mutation increases M vRNA synthesis in DelNS1 virus infection and enhances alternative splicing of M2 mRNA in the absence of other viral proteins. The findings demonstrate that NS1 is directly involved in influenza virus replication through modulation of alternative splicing of M transcripts and provide strategic information important to construction of vaccine strains with NS1 deletions.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/234712

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorZheng, M-
dc.contributor.authorWang, P-
dc.contributor.authorSong, W-
dc.contributor.authorLau, SY-
dc.contributor.authorLIU, S-
dc.contributor.authorHUANG, X-
dc.contributor.authorMok, BWY-
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Y-
dc.contributor.authorChen, Y-
dc.contributor.authorYuen, KY-
dc.contributor.authorChen, H-
dc.date.accessioned2016-10-14T13:48:48Z-
dc.date.available2016-10-14T13:48:48Z-
dc.date.issued2015-
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Virology, 2015-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/234712-
dc.description.abstractThe NS1 protein of influenza virus has multiple functions and is a determinant of virulence. Influenza viruses with NS1 deletions (DelNS1 influenza viruses) are a useful tool for studying virus replication and can serve as effective live attenuated vaccines, but deletion of NS1 severely diminishes virus replication, hampering functional studies and vaccine production. We found that WSN-DelNS1 viruses passaged in cells consistently adapted to gain an A14U substitution in the 3′ noncoding region of the M segment of viral RNA (vRNA) which restored replicative ability. DelNS1-M-A14U viruses cannot inhibit interferon expression in virus infected-cells, providing an essential model for studying virus replication in the absence of the NS1 protein. Characterization of DelNS1-M-A14U virus showed that the lack of NS1 has no apparent effect on expression of other viral proteins, with the exception of M mRNAs. Expression of the M transcripts, M1, M2, mRNA3, and mRNA4, is regulated by alternative splicing. The A14U substitution changes the splicing donor site consensus sequence of mRNA3, altering expression of M transcripts, with M2 expression significantly increased and mRNA3 markedly suppressed in DelNS1-M-A14U, but not DelNS1-M-WT, virus-infected cells. Further analysis revealed that the A14U substitution also affects promoter function during replication of the viral genome. The M-A14U mutation increases M vRNA synthesis in DelNS1 virus infection and enhances alternative splicing of M2 mRNA in the absence of other viral proteins. The findings demonstrate that NS1 is directly involved in influenza virus replication through modulation of alternative splicing of M transcripts and provide strategic information important to construction of vaccine strains with NS1 deletions.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Virology-
dc.titleAn A14U Substitution in the 3= Noncoding Region of the M Segment of Viral RNA Supports Replication of Influenza Virus with an NS1 Deletion by Modulating Alternative Splicing of M Segment mRNAs-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailZheng, M: zhengmin@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailWang, P: puiwang@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailSong, W: wjsong@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailLau, SY: sylau926@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailMok, BWY: bobomok@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailLiu, Y: yenchin@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailYuen, KY: kyyuen@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailChen, H: hlchen@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityYuen, KY=rp00366-
dc.identifier.authorityChen, H=rp00383-
dc.identifier.hkuros268230-

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