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Conference Paper: Evaluation of various cutpoints for low lean mass and slow gait speed in predicting death in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2004

TitleEvaluation of various cutpoints for low lean mass and slow gait speed in predicting death in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2004
Authors
Issue Date2015
PublisherHong Kong Academy of Medicine Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.hkmj.org/
Citation
The 20th Medical Research Conference (MRC 2015), Department of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong, 17 January 2015. In Hong Kong Medical Journal, 2015, v. 21 suppl. 1, p. 14, abstract no. 10 How to Cite?
AbstractINTRODUCTION: Sarcopenia is commonly defined as loss of muscle mass with limited muscle function or strength. Various cutpoints of low lean mass and slow gait speed have been proposed by different professional working groups. We compared the performance of various cutpoints of low lean mass and slow gait speed in predicting death. METHODS: We analysed data from the continuous National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted between 1999 and 2004, and the subsequent follow-up data on mortality up to 31 December 2006. For low lean mass, cutpoints based on appendicular lean mass (ALM) alone, ALM adjusted for body mass index (ALMBMI), and ALM adjusted for height squared (ALMH2) were evaluated. For slow gait speed, the cutpoints based on 0.7 m/s, 0.8 m/s, 0.9 m/s, and 1.0 m/s were evaluated. A Cox-proportional hazard regression model with adjustment for multiple confounding factors was used for the association analyses. RESULTS: For low lean mass, the cutpoints based on ALMBMI ( < 0.512 in women and < 0.789 in men) showed the most significant association and highest hazard ratio (HR) with death (HR=1.61; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.18-2.19; P=0.003). For slow gait speed, all cutpoints tested showed significant association with death in the full model (P < 0.001), while the cutpoint of 0.8 m/s showed the highest HR (HR=2.27; 95% CI, 1.54-3.35). CONCLUSIONS: Low lean mass defined by ALMBMI showed the strongest association with death; while slow gait speed (cutpoints ranging from 0.7 m/s to 1.0 m/s) showed significant association with death, with the strongest association being observed for the cutpoint of 0.8 m/s. Further studies validating the cutpoints are warranted before using them in clinical settings.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/232423
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 0.887
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.279

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorCheung, CL-
dc.contributor.authorCheung, BMY-
dc.date.accessioned2016-09-20T05:29:52Z-
dc.date.available2016-09-20T05:29:52Z-
dc.date.issued2015-
dc.identifier.citationThe 20th Medical Research Conference (MRC 2015), Department of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong, 17 January 2015. In Hong Kong Medical Journal, 2015, v. 21 suppl. 1, p. 14, abstract no. 10-
dc.identifier.issn1024-2708-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/232423-
dc.description.abstractINTRODUCTION: Sarcopenia is commonly defined as loss of muscle mass with limited muscle function or strength. Various cutpoints of low lean mass and slow gait speed have been proposed by different professional working groups. We compared the performance of various cutpoints of low lean mass and slow gait speed in predicting death. METHODS: We analysed data from the continuous National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted between 1999 and 2004, and the subsequent follow-up data on mortality up to 31 December 2006. For low lean mass, cutpoints based on appendicular lean mass (ALM) alone, ALM adjusted for body mass index (ALMBMI), and ALM adjusted for height squared (ALMH2) were evaluated. For slow gait speed, the cutpoints based on 0.7 m/s, 0.8 m/s, 0.9 m/s, and 1.0 m/s were evaluated. A Cox-proportional hazard regression model with adjustment for multiple confounding factors was used for the association analyses. RESULTS: For low lean mass, the cutpoints based on ALMBMI ( < 0.512 in women and < 0.789 in men) showed the most significant association and highest hazard ratio (HR) with death (HR=1.61; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.18-2.19; P=0.003). For slow gait speed, all cutpoints tested showed significant association with death in the full model (P < 0.001), while the cutpoint of 0.8 m/s showed the highest HR (HR=2.27; 95% CI, 1.54-3.35). CONCLUSIONS: Low lean mass defined by ALMBMI showed the strongest association with death; while slow gait speed (cutpoints ranging from 0.7 m/s to 1.0 m/s) showed significant association with death, with the strongest association being observed for the cutpoint of 0.8 m/s. Further studies validating the cutpoints are warranted before using them in clinical settings.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherHong Kong Academy of Medicine Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.hkmj.org/-
dc.relation.ispartofHong Kong Medical Journal-
dc.rightsHong Kong Medical Journal. Copyright © Hong Kong Academy of Medicine Press.-
dc.titleEvaluation of various cutpoints for low lean mass and slow gait speed in predicting death in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2004-
dc.typeConference_Paper-
dc.identifier.emailCheung, CL: lung1212@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailCheung, BMY: mycheung@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityCheung, CL=rp01749-
dc.identifier.authorityCheung, BMY=rp01321-
dc.identifier.hkuros265126-
dc.identifier.volume21-
dc.identifier.issuesuppl. 1-
dc.identifier.spage14, abstract no. 10-
dc.identifier.epage14, abstract no. 10-
dc.publisher.placeHong Kong-

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