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postgraduate thesis: Field-based teaching and learning in environmental education : a case study on official curriculum in Hong Kong

TitleField-based teaching and learning in environmental education : a case study on official curriculum in Hong Kong
Authors
Issue Date2016
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Ma, K. [馬昀祺]. (2016). Field-based teaching and learning in environmental education : a case study on official curriculum in Hong Kong. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR.
AbstractIn order to tackle challenging environmental problems that we are facing, environmental education (EE) is important to educate the masses to possess necessary awareness, knowledge, attitudes and skills to participate in solutions of current problems and the prevention of new ones. EE is best implemented in the Threefold Approach which integrates education about, in and for the environment. Of which, education in the environment is heavily linked to outdoor education. This study particularly focuses on outdoor education related to teaching and learning for subject teaching and EE in the school curriculum which is regarded as Field-based Education (FBE). With the focus on the New Senior Secondary Curriculum (NSS Curriculum), this study aims at investigating the best practices for the implementation of field-based EE and understanding its roles, situations, challenges and opportunities to formulate strategies for better implementation of field-based teaching and learning to benefit EE in Hong Kong schools. According to the proposed theoretical framework of field-based EE in the NSS Curriculum, a mixed method approach was used including evaluative case studies on current field-based EE programmes and questionnaire survey of secondary school teachers and administrators. The case studies evaluated ten programmes organized by two field studies centres and an ENGO with the use of multiple data collection methods in a triangulation approach. The questionnaire survey had surveyed 102, 86 and 60 Biology, Geography and LS teachers respectively while the questionnaire survey of school administrators received 23 valid questionnaires. Based on the findings, a Model of effective field-based environmental education was postulated for the best practices of implementing field-based teaching and learning for EE. This model is important and useful when teachers and environmental educators design and implement education in the environment through conducting field-based EE programme. While EE is implemented in a whole-school cross-curricular approach, this study showed that field-based EE was not effectively implemented. Students had positive perceptions of field-based learning but the current opportunities for them to join field-based programmes did not match with their expectations. The prevailing approach of FBE in the NSS Curriculum is dominated by field research with field excursion. Effectiveness for EE was moderate in which knowledge gain was the main learning outcome while the success in stimulating pro-environmental attitudes and behaviour should be further improved. Differences in perception to field-based EE and actual practices of utilizing FBE were found between teachers of the three subjects. Mismatches were also identified for each subject and these are crucial for planning specific strategies to improve the implementation of field-based EE in the curriculum. Major difficulties for teachers in organizing field-based programmes were the lack of time due to compact school timetables and heavy workload for teachers. External bodies have an important role in field-based EE with the provision of field-based programme and teacher training. As education about the environment is dominated in the implementation of school EE while education in and for the environment need to be further developed, recommendations were given for improving field-based teaching and learning for EE in the official school curriculum.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectEnvironmental education - China - Hong Kong
Dept/ProgramKadoorie Institute
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/231055

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorMa, Kwan-ki-
dc.contributor.author馬昀祺-
dc.date.accessioned2016-09-01T23:42:44Z-
dc.date.available2016-09-01T23:42:44Z-
dc.date.issued2016-
dc.identifier.citationMa, K. [馬昀祺]. (2016). Field-based teaching and learning in environmental education : a case study on official curriculum in Hong Kong. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR.-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/231055-
dc.description.abstractIn order to tackle challenging environmental problems that we are facing, environmental education (EE) is important to educate the masses to possess necessary awareness, knowledge, attitudes and skills to participate in solutions of current problems and the prevention of new ones. EE is best implemented in the Threefold Approach which integrates education about, in and for the environment. Of which, education in the environment is heavily linked to outdoor education. This study particularly focuses on outdoor education related to teaching and learning for subject teaching and EE in the school curriculum which is regarded as Field-based Education (FBE). With the focus on the New Senior Secondary Curriculum (NSS Curriculum), this study aims at investigating the best practices for the implementation of field-based EE and understanding its roles, situations, challenges and opportunities to formulate strategies for better implementation of field-based teaching and learning to benefit EE in Hong Kong schools. According to the proposed theoretical framework of field-based EE in the NSS Curriculum, a mixed method approach was used including evaluative case studies on current field-based EE programmes and questionnaire survey of secondary school teachers and administrators. The case studies evaluated ten programmes organized by two field studies centres and an ENGO with the use of multiple data collection methods in a triangulation approach. The questionnaire survey had surveyed 102, 86 and 60 Biology, Geography and LS teachers respectively while the questionnaire survey of school administrators received 23 valid questionnaires. Based on the findings, a Model of effective field-based environmental education was postulated for the best practices of implementing field-based teaching and learning for EE. This model is important and useful when teachers and environmental educators design and implement education in the environment through conducting field-based EE programme. While EE is implemented in a whole-school cross-curricular approach, this study showed that field-based EE was not effectively implemented. Students had positive perceptions of field-based learning but the current opportunities for them to join field-based programmes did not match with their expectations. The prevailing approach of FBE in the NSS Curriculum is dominated by field research with field excursion. Effectiveness for EE was moderate in which knowledge gain was the main learning outcome while the success in stimulating pro-environmental attitudes and behaviour should be further improved. Differences in perception to field-based EE and actual practices of utilizing FBE were found between teachers of the three subjects. Mismatches were also identified for each subject and these are crucial for planning specific strategies to improve the implementation of field-based EE in the curriculum. Major difficulties for teachers in organizing field-based programmes were the lack of time due to compact school timetables and heavy workload for teachers. External bodies have an important role in field-based EE with the provision of field-based programme and teacher training. As education about the environment is dominated in the implementation of school EE while education in and for the environment need to be further developed, recommendations were given for improving field-based teaching and learning for EE in the official school curriculum.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.subject.lcshEnvironmental education - China - Hong Kong-
dc.titleField-based teaching and learning in environmental education : a case study on official curriculum in Hong Kong-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5784872-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineKadoorie Institute-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-

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