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Article: Applying a Family-Level Economic Strengthening Intervention to Improve Education and Health-Related Outcomes of School-Going AIDS-Orphaned Children: Lessons from a Randomized Experiment in Southern Uganda

TitleApplying a Family-Level Economic Strengthening Intervention to Improve Education and Health-Related Outcomes of School-Going AIDS-Orphaned Children: Lessons from a Randomized Experiment in Southern Uganda
Authors
KeywordsFamily-level Economic Strengthening
Orphaned and Vulnerable Children (OVC)
HIV/AIDS
Suubi-Maka
Sub-Saharan Africa
Child Savings Accounts (CSA)
Issue Date2016
Citation
Prevention Science, 2016, v. 17, n. 1, p. 134-143 How to Cite?
Abstract© 2015, Society for Prevention Research.Children comprise the largest proportion of the population in sub-Saharan Africa. Of these, millions are orphaned. Orphanhood increases the likelihood of growing up in poverty, dropping out of school, and becoming infected with HIV. Therefore, programs aimed at securing a healthy developmental trajectory for these orphaned children are desperately needed. We conducted a two-arm cluster-randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of a family-level economic strengthening intervention with regard to school attendance, school grades, and self-esteem in AIDS-orphaned adolescents aged 12–16 years from 10 public rural primary schools in southern Uganda. Children were randomly assigned to receive usual care (counseling, school uniforms, school lunch, notebooks, and textbooks), “bolstered” with mentorship from a near-peer (control condition, n = 167), or to receive bolstered usual care plus a family-level economic strengthening intervention in the form of a matched Child Savings Account (Suubi-Maka treatment arm, n = 179). The two groups did not differ at baseline, but 24 months later, children in the Suubi-Maka treatment arm reported significantly better educational outcomes, lower levels of hopelessness, and higher levels of self-concept compared to participants in the control condition. Our study contributes to the ongoing debate on how to address the developmental impacts of the increasing numbers of orphaned and vulnerable children and adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa, especially those affected by HIV/AIDS. Our findings indicate that innovative family-level economic strengthening programs, over and above bolstered usual care that includes psychosocial interventions for young people, may have positive developmental impacts related to education, health, and psychosocial functioning.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/231013
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.926
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.514

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorSsewamala, Fred M.-
dc.contributor.authorKarimli, Leyla-
dc.contributor.authorTorsten, Neilands-
dc.contributor.authorWang, Julia Shu Huah-
dc.contributor.authorHan, Chang Keun-
dc.contributor.authorIlic, Vilma-
dc.contributor.authorNabunya, Proscovia-
dc.date.accessioned2016-09-01T06:07:23Z-
dc.date.available2016-09-01T06:07:23Z-
dc.date.issued2016-
dc.identifier.citationPrevention Science, 2016, v. 17, n. 1, p. 134-143-
dc.identifier.issn1389-4986-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/231013-
dc.description.abstract© 2015, Society for Prevention Research.Children comprise the largest proportion of the population in sub-Saharan Africa. Of these, millions are orphaned. Orphanhood increases the likelihood of growing up in poverty, dropping out of school, and becoming infected with HIV. Therefore, programs aimed at securing a healthy developmental trajectory for these orphaned children are desperately needed. We conducted a two-arm cluster-randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of a family-level economic strengthening intervention with regard to school attendance, school grades, and self-esteem in AIDS-orphaned adolescents aged 12–16 years from 10 public rural primary schools in southern Uganda. Children were randomly assigned to receive usual care (counseling, school uniforms, school lunch, notebooks, and textbooks), “bolstered” with mentorship from a near-peer (control condition, n = 167), or to receive bolstered usual care plus a family-level economic strengthening intervention in the form of a matched Child Savings Account (Suubi-Maka treatment arm, n = 179). The two groups did not differ at baseline, but 24 months later, children in the Suubi-Maka treatment arm reported significantly better educational outcomes, lower levels of hopelessness, and higher levels of self-concept compared to participants in the control condition. Our study contributes to the ongoing debate on how to address the developmental impacts of the increasing numbers of orphaned and vulnerable children and adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa, especially those affected by HIV/AIDS. Our findings indicate that innovative family-level economic strengthening programs, over and above bolstered usual care that includes psychosocial interventions for young people, may have positive developmental impacts related to education, health, and psychosocial functioning.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofPrevention Science-
dc.subjectFamily-level Economic Strengthening-
dc.subjectOrphaned and Vulnerable Children (OVC)-
dc.subjectHIV/AIDS-
dc.subjectSuubi-Maka-
dc.subjectSub-Saharan Africa-
dc.subjectChild Savings Accounts (CSA)-
dc.titleApplying a Family-Level Economic Strengthening Intervention to Improve Education and Health-Related Outcomes of School-Going AIDS-Orphaned Children: Lessons from a Randomized Experiment in Southern Uganda-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.description.natureLink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s11121-015-0580-9-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84952630735-
dc.identifier.volume17-
dc.identifier.issue1-
dc.identifier.spage134-
dc.identifier.epage143-

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