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Article: Cambrian rocks and faunas of the Wachi La, Black Mountains, Bhutan

TitleCambrian rocks and faunas of the Wachi La, Black Mountains, Bhutan
Authors
Keywordsdetrital zircon
Cambrian
Himalaya
palaeogeography
trilobite
Issue Date2011
Citation
Geological Magazine, 2011, v. 148, n. 3, p. 351-379 How to Cite?
AbstractThe Pele La Group in the Wachi La section in the Black Mountains of central Bhutan represents the easternmost exposure of Cambrian strata known in the Himalaya. The group contains a succession of siliciclastic rocks with minor amounts of carbonate, the uppermost unit of which, the Quartzite Formation, bears age-diagnostic trilobite body fossils that are approximately 493 Ma old. Trilobite species include Kaolishania granulosa, Taipaikia glabra and the new species Lingyuanaspis sangae. A billingsellid brachiopod, Billingsella cf. tonkiniana, is co-occurrent. This fauna is precisely correlated with that of a specific stratigraphic horizon within the upper part of the Kaolishania Zone, Stage 9 of the Cambrian System, Furongian Epoch of the North China block, and thus represents the youngest Cambrian sedimentary rocks yet known from the Himalaya. The faunal similarity suggests proximity between North China and the Himalayan margin at this time. This unit was deposited in a predominantly storm-influenced shelf and shoreface environment. U-Pb geochronological data from detrital zircon grains from the fossil-bearing beds of the Quartzite Formation and strata of the underlying Deshichiling Formation show grain age spectra consistent with those from Cambrian rocks of the Lesser and Tethyan Himalaya in Tibet, India and Pakistan. These data support continuity of the northern Gondwanan margin across the Himalaya. Prominent peaks of approximately 500 Ma zircons in both the Quartzite and Deshichiling formations are consistent with the Furongian (late Cambrian) age assignment for these strata. The presence of these relatively young zircon populations implies rapid post-cooling erosion of igneous bodies and subsequent deposition which may reflect the influence of a widespread Cambro-Ordovician orogenic event evident in the western Himalaya. © 2010 Cambridge University Press.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/230873
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 1.863
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.119

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorHughes, Nigel C.-
dc.contributor.authorMyrow, Paul M.-
dc.contributor.authorMcKenzie, N. Ryan-
dc.contributor.authorHarper, D. A T-
dc.contributor.authorBhargava, O. N.-
dc.contributor.authorTangri, S. K.-
dc.contributor.authorGhalley, K. S.-
dc.contributor.authorFanning, C. M.-
dc.date.accessioned2016-09-01T06:07:02Z-
dc.date.available2016-09-01T06:07:02Z-
dc.date.issued2011-
dc.identifier.citationGeological Magazine, 2011, v. 148, n. 3, p. 351-379-
dc.identifier.issn0016-7568-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/230873-
dc.description.abstractThe Pele La Group in the Wachi La section in the Black Mountains of central Bhutan represents the easternmost exposure of Cambrian strata known in the Himalaya. The group contains a succession of siliciclastic rocks with minor amounts of carbonate, the uppermost unit of which, the Quartzite Formation, bears age-diagnostic trilobite body fossils that are approximately 493 Ma old. Trilobite species include Kaolishania granulosa, Taipaikia glabra and the new species Lingyuanaspis sangae. A billingsellid brachiopod, Billingsella cf. tonkiniana, is co-occurrent. This fauna is precisely correlated with that of a specific stratigraphic horizon within the upper part of the Kaolishania Zone, Stage 9 of the Cambrian System, Furongian Epoch of the North China block, and thus represents the youngest Cambrian sedimentary rocks yet known from the Himalaya. The faunal similarity suggests proximity between North China and the Himalayan margin at this time. This unit was deposited in a predominantly storm-influenced shelf and shoreface environment. U-Pb geochronological data from detrital zircon grains from the fossil-bearing beds of the Quartzite Formation and strata of the underlying Deshichiling Formation show grain age spectra consistent with those from Cambrian rocks of the Lesser and Tethyan Himalaya in Tibet, India and Pakistan. These data support continuity of the northern Gondwanan margin across the Himalaya. Prominent peaks of approximately 500 Ma zircons in both the Quartzite and Deshichiling formations are consistent with the Furongian (late Cambrian) age assignment for these strata. The presence of these relatively young zircon populations implies rapid post-cooling erosion of igneous bodies and subsequent deposition which may reflect the influence of a widespread Cambro-Ordovician orogenic event evident in the western Himalaya. © 2010 Cambridge University Press.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofGeological Magazine-
dc.subjectdetrital zircon-
dc.subjectCambrian-
dc.subjectHimalaya-
dc.subjectpalaeogeography-
dc.subjecttrilobite-
dc.titleCambrian rocks and faunas of the Wachi La, Black Mountains, Bhutan-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.description.natureLink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1017/S0016756810000750-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-79960382924-
dc.identifier.volume148-
dc.identifier.issue3-
dc.identifier.spage351-
dc.identifier.epage379-
dc.identifier.eissn1469-5081-

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