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Article: Abnormal increase of neuronal precursor cells and exacerbated neuroinflammation in the corpus callosum in murine model of systemic lupus erythematosus

TitleAbnormal increase of neuronal precursor cells and exacerbated neuroinflammation in the corpus callosum in murine model of systemic lupus erythematosus
Authors
Issue Date2016
PublisherIOS Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.iospress.nl/html/09226028.php
Citation
Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience, 2016, v. 34 n. 3, p. 443-453 How to Cite?
AbstractPurpose: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease which is characterised by elevated levels of autoantibodies and cytokines in the body. Via alteration of the regulation of inflammation, damage to different organ systems, including the central nervous system (CNS), was found in SLE patients. Patients diagnosed with SLE were reported to suffer from different kinds of psychiatric signs and symptoms. As neurogenesis has been suggested to be a potential key player of psychiatric symptoms and emotional behavior disturbances, this study aims to investigate whether neurogenesis is altered in an animal model of SLE. Also, neuroinflammation was studied. Methods: Female NZB/W F1 mice were used as an animal model of SLE. Animals were divided into two groups: 1. prediseased mice (lupus-prone NZB/W F1 female mice, age 10–15 weeks, negative for proteinuria and with basal levels of serum anti-dsDNA autoantibodies) and 2. diseased mice (NZB/W F1 female mice, > 25 weeks of age, with elevated serum levels of anti-dsDNA autoantibodies and with persistent proteinuria of > 3 mg/ml for more than 2 weeks). Comparisons of the levels of neurogenesis and neuroinflammtion between two groups of mice were studied by the immunohistochemistry. Results: After the onset of SLE symptoms, a reduction of neurogenesis in the hippocampus was found, while there was a dramatic increase of doublecortin (DCX+) neuronal precursor cells in the corpus callosum (CC) and in the subventricular zone (SVZ). Meanwhile, exacerbated inflammation was present in the corpus callosum of the diseased mice, which was suggested by the increased number of GFAP+ cells and IBA-1+ cells. Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study showing an increase of neuronal precursor cells in the corpus callosum of the female NZB/W F1 mice. The present study suggests a coincidence but not a causal relationship
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/230567
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.661
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.181
PubMed Central ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLEUNG, WH-
dc.contributor.authorLau, BWM-
dc.contributor.authorChan, VSF-
dc.contributor.authorLau, WCS-
dc.contributor.authorSo, KF-
dc.date.accessioned2016-08-23T14:17:47Z-
dc.date.available2016-08-23T14:17:47Z-
dc.date.issued2016-
dc.identifier.citationRestorative Neurology and Neuroscience, 2016, v. 34 n. 3, p. 443-453-
dc.identifier.issn0922-6028-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/230567-
dc.description.abstractPurpose: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease which is characterised by elevated levels of autoantibodies and cytokines in the body. Via alteration of the regulation of inflammation, damage to different organ systems, including the central nervous system (CNS), was found in SLE patients. Patients diagnosed with SLE were reported to suffer from different kinds of psychiatric signs and symptoms. As neurogenesis has been suggested to be a potential key player of psychiatric symptoms and emotional behavior disturbances, this study aims to investigate whether neurogenesis is altered in an animal model of SLE. Also, neuroinflammation was studied. Methods: Female NZB/W F1 mice were used as an animal model of SLE. Animals were divided into two groups: 1. prediseased mice (lupus-prone NZB/W F1 female mice, age 10–15 weeks, negative for proteinuria and with basal levels of serum anti-dsDNA autoantibodies) and 2. diseased mice (NZB/W F1 female mice, > 25 weeks of age, with elevated serum levels of anti-dsDNA autoantibodies and with persistent proteinuria of > 3 mg/ml for more than 2 weeks). Comparisons of the levels of neurogenesis and neuroinflammtion between two groups of mice were studied by the immunohistochemistry. Results: After the onset of SLE symptoms, a reduction of neurogenesis in the hippocampus was found, while there was a dramatic increase of doublecortin (DCX+) neuronal precursor cells in the corpus callosum (CC) and in the subventricular zone (SVZ). Meanwhile, exacerbated inflammation was present in the corpus callosum of the diseased mice, which was suggested by the increased number of GFAP+ cells and IBA-1+ cells. Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study showing an increase of neuronal precursor cells in the corpus callosum of the female NZB/W F1 mice. The present study suggests a coincidence but not a causal relationship-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherIOS Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.iospress.nl/html/09226028.php-
dc.relation.ispartofRestorative Neurology and Neuroscience-
dc.titleAbnormal increase of neuronal precursor cells and exacerbated neuroinflammation in the corpus callosum in murine model of systemic lupus erythematosus-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailChan, VSF: sfvchan@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailLau, WCS: cslau@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailSo, KF: hrmaskf@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityChan, VSF=rp01459-
dc.identifier.authorityLau, WCS=rp01348-
dc.identifier.authoritySo, KF=rp00329-
dc.identifier.doi10.3233/RNN-160638-
dc.identifier.pmcidPMC4927870-
dc.identifier.hkuros261411-
dc.identifier.volume34-
dc.identifier.issue3-
dc.identifier.spage443-
dc.identifier.epage453-
dc.publisher.placeNetherlands-

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